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Redefining Urban and Suburban America

Evidence from Census 2000

edited by Alan Berube, Bruce J. Katz, and Robert E. Lang

Publication Year: 2006

Results from Census 2000 have confirmed that American cities and metropolitan areas lie at the heart of the nation's most pronounced demographic and economic changes. The third volume in the Redefining Urban and Suburban America series describes anew the changing shape of metropolitan American and the consequences for policies in areas such as employment, public services, and urban revitalization. The continued decentralization of population and economic activity in most metropolitan areas has transformed once-suburban places into new engines of metropolitan growth. At the same time, some traditional central cities have enjoyed a population renaissance, thanks to a recent book in "living" downtowns. The contributors to this book probe the rise of these new growth centers and their impacts on the metropolitan landscape, including how recent patterns have affected the government's own methods for reporting information on urban, suburban, and rural areas. Volume 3 also provides a closer look at the social and economic impacts of growth patterns in cities and suburbs. Contributors examine how suburbanization has affected access to employment for minorities and lower-income workers, how housing development trends have fueled population declines in some central cities, and how these patterns are shifting the economic balance between older and newer suburbs. Contributors include Thomas Bier (Cleveland State University), Peter Dreier (Occidental College), William Frey (Brookings), Robert Lang (Virginia Tech), Steven Raphael (University of California, Berkeley), Audrey Singer (Brookings), Michael Stoll (University of California, Los Angeles), Todd Swanstrom (St. Louis University), and Jill Wilson (Brookings).

Published by: Brookings Institution Press

Series: James A. Johnson Metro Series

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. i-iv

Table of Contents

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pp. v-vi

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Alan Berube, Bruce Katz, Robert E. Lang

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pp. 1-8

Much recent work in the social science arena has examined the growing “placelessness” of modern American society. Experts point to, variously, the Internet, satellite television, globalization of the consumer economy, the increase in long-distance moves, and the decline in...

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1. Demographic Change in Medium-Sized Cities

Jennifer S. Vey, Benjamin Forman

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pp. 9-27

The 1990s brought dramatic changes to the metropolitan landscape. For a number of central cities in the United States, the strong economy, coupled with high levels of immigration, led to a resurgence in population and stable fiscal conditions. Other cities, however, were unable to stem...

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2. Who Lives Downtown?

Eugenie L. Birch

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pp. 29-59

Over the past few decades, public and private officials have tried to reinvent their downtowns by using a variety of tactics. One of the most popular—and arguably most successful—strategies of recent years has been downtown residential development. The call to create vibrant downtowns...

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3. Growth Counties: Home to America's New Suburban Metropolis

Robert E. Lang, Meghan Zimmerman Gough

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pp. 61-81

When asked “Why do you rob banks?” famed bank robber Willy Sutton responded, “Because that’s where the money is.” In that spirit, this chapter examines the development of “growth counties,” because that’s where the growth is. During the second half of the twentieth...

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4. Are the Boomburbs Still Booming?

Robert E. Lang

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pp. 83-92

Previous research using Census 2000 data documented the rise of a new type of large, fast-growing suburb known as the “boomburb.”1 In recent years, many of the top boomburbs have outgrown their traditional and better-known big-city peers....

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5. Living Together: A New Look at Racial and Ethnic Integration in Metropolitan Neighborhoods, 1990-2000

David Fasenfest, Jason Booza, Kurt Metzger

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pp. 93-117

Racial integration has served as a benchmark for social progress since racial equality entered the social policy agenda. The degree to which society accepts racial and ethnic diversity depends on the degree to which people of different races and ethnic groups live...

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6. Modest Progress: The Narrowing Spatial Mismatch between Blacks and Jobs in the 1990s

Steven Raphael, Michael A. Stoll

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pp. 119-142

During the latter half of the twentieth century, changes in the location of employment opportunities within metropolitan areas increased the physical distance between predominantly black residential areas and important employment centers.1 Although black residential...

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7. Pulling Apart: Economic Segregation in Suburbs and Central Cities in Major Metropolitan Areas, 1980-2000

Todd Swanstrom, Peter Dreier, Colleen Casey, Robert Flack

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pp. 143-165

This chapter provides a Census 2000 examination of municipal economic segregation. Though not studied nearly as much as racial segregation, economic segregation—the degree to which different economic classes live spatially apart from one another—has become...

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8. Vacating the City: An Analysis of New Home Construction and Household Growth

Thomas Bier, Charlie Post

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pp. 167-189

The 1990s were an unusual decade in the recent history of U.S. cities. As the country experienced the greatest economic expansion in its history, a number of major central cities, particularly in the Midwest and Northeast, had their smallest population loss since...

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9. Tracking American Trends into the Twenty-First Century: A Field Guide to the New Metropolitan and Micropolitan Definitions

William H. Frey, Jill H. Wilson, Alan Berube, Audrey Singer

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pp. 191-234

The term “metropolitan area” is one of the few statistical terms that show up in common conversation. A metropolitan area is not a political jurisdiction with a mayor or police department, but an economically and socially linked collection of large and small communities. Residing...

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10. Micropolitan America: A Brank New Geography

Robert E. Lang, Dawn Dhavale

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pp. 235-257

"Micropolitan areas” represent a new category of places introduced by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) in June 2003.1 As the prefix “micro” implies, these places are generally (but not always) less populous than metropolitan areas. In...


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pp. 259


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pp. 261-275

E-ISBN-13: 9780815708858
E-ISBN-10: 0815708858
Print-ISBN-13: 9780815753322
Print-ISBN-10: 0815753322

Page Count: 275
Publication Year: 2006

Series Title: James A. Johnson Metro Series