Learning to Salsa
New Steps in U.S.-Cuba Relations
Publication Year: 2010
Today the United States has little leverage to promote change in Cuba. Indeed, Cuba enjoys normal relations with virtually every country in the world, and American attempts to isolate the Cuban government have served only to elevate its symbolic predicament as an "underdog" in the international arena. A new policy of engagement toward Cuba is long overdue. —From the Introduction
As longtime U.S. diplomats Vicki Huddleston and Carlos Pascual make painfully clear in their introduction, the United States is long overdue in rethinking its policy toward Cuba. This is a propitious time for such an undertaking —the combination of change within Cuba and in the Cuban American community creates the most significant opening for a reassessment of U.S. policy since Fidel Castro took control in 1959. To that end, Huddleston and Pascual convened opinion leaders in the Cuban American community, leading scholars, and international diplomats from diverse backgrounds and political orientations to seek common ground on U.S. policy toward Cuba. This pithy yet authoritative analysis is the result.
In the quest for ideas that would support the emergence of a peaceful, prosperous, and democratic Cuba —one in which the Cuban people shape their political and economic future —the authors conducted a series of simulations to identify the critical factors that the U.S. government should consider as it reformulates its Cuba policies. The advisers' wide-ranging expertise was applied to a series of hypothetical scenarios in which participants tested how different U.S. policy responses would affect a political transition in Cuba.
By modeling and analyzing the decisionmaking processes of the various strategic actors and stakeholders, the simulations identified factors that might influence the success or failure of specific policy options. They then projected how key actors such as the Cuban hierarchy, civil society, and the international and Cuban American communities might act and react to internal and external events that would logically be expected to occur in the near future.
The lessons drawn from these simulations led to the unanimous conclusion that the United States should adopt a proactive policy of critical and constructive engagement toward Cuba.
Published by: Brookings Institution Press
Table of Contents
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Two thousand nine is the fiftieth anniversary of the Cuban Revolution that brought Fidel Castro to power. On New Yearâ€™s Day 2009, his brother and successor, RaĂşl Castro, vowed that the socialist slogan â€śSocialismo o muerte,â€ť â€śSocialism or death,â€ť would guide Cuba for another half century. Yet change was in the air even as he spoke, for RaĂşl had announced a series of reforms since assuming the presidency in February 2008. Cuban...
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If one compares outcomes to stated objectives, U.S. policy toward Cuba may be the most significant failure in the history of American foreign policy. An almost five-decade embargo and numerous attempts to isolate and undermine the Castro government have not produced democratic change. In February 2008, Fidel Castro successfully orchestrated a succession,...
2. Cuba: A New Policy of Critical and Constructive Engagement
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U.S. policy toward Cuba should advance the democratic aspirations ofthe Cuban people and strengthen U.S. credibility throughout the hemisphere. Our nearly 50-year-old policy toward Cuba has failed on both counts: it has resulted in a downward spiral of U.S. influence on the island and has left the United States isolated in the hemisphere and...
3. U.S. Policy: Constraints of a Historical Legacy
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On February 7, 2008, the project hosted the first of six simulation exercises to assess the scope, limitations, and potential of the United States to promote an enabling environment for peaceful democratic transition in Cuba. The focus of the simulation was the question, Can U.S. policy, bound as it is by historical constraintsâ€”the embargo and restrictions on travel, remittances, and limited diplomatic engagementâ€”promote political...
4. U.S. Policy: A New Strategy toward Cuba
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In the afternoon of February 7, 2008, following the project's first simulation exercise, which examined the scope for U.S. policy to advance the Bush administration's objectives within its historic constraints, the national security adviser convened participants to craft a new strategy toward Cuba without the constraints of ideological parameters. The...
5. Understanding the Cuban Leadership
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The third simulation exercise, held on March 4, 2008, focused on the internal dynamics, motivations, and decision making processes of the Cuban hierarchy. Following on the heels of Fidel Castro's decision to step down and temporarily hand over power to his brother, Brookings project advisers and special guests assessed the objectives and incentives of...
6. Transforming Disparate Voices into a Dynamic Civil Society Coalition
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On April 16, 2008, the Brookings Institution, in conjunction with the University of Miami, held its fourth simulation exercise on the dynamics, motivations, and decision making processes of Cuban civil society groups. As Cuba moves toward an uncertain future, participants sought to examine and better understand the interests, capabilities, and weaknesses of...
7. Coordinating U.S. Policy with the International Community
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On October 9, 2008, in advance of the U.S. presidential election, Brookings Institution advisers and guests met to explore the opportunities and constraints facing policy makers as they seek to coordinate U.S. policy with international partners and allies. Democratic governance and the robust rule of law in Cuba are goals the United States shares with the...
8. Creating Consensus in the Cuban American Community
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The sixth simulation exercise, held shortly after the U.S. presidential election, on December 2, 2008, focused on the dynamics and motivations ofthe Cuban American community and divisive issues that relate to U.S.policy toward Cuba. Changing demographics inside the community have produced new perspectives on contacts with the island. More Cuban...
Appendix A: Understanding the Legal Parameters of the U.S. Embargo on Cuba
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Appendix B: 2008 Florida International University Poll of Cuban American Opinion
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Page Count: 176
Publication Year: 2010