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Light Within the Shade

Seven Hundred Years of Hungarian Poetry

translated by Zsuzsanna and Frederick Turner

Publication Year: 2014

The pure verbal energy characterizing Hungarian poetry may be regarded as one of the most striking components of Hungarian culture. More than 800 years ago, under the inspiration of classical and medieval Latin poetry, Hungarian poets began to craft a rich chain of poetic designs, much of it in response to the country’s cataclysmic history. With precision, depth, and great intensity, these verses give accounts of their authors’ vision of themselves as participants in history and their most personal experience in the world. Light within the Shade includes 135 of the most important Hungarian poems ranging from the fourteenth to the twenty-first century. Organized in chronological order, the poems are followed by an essay by Ozsváth providing the historical, biographical, and cultural background of the poets and the poetry. The book concludes with Turner’s essay on the special thematic and literary qualities of Hungarian poetry, as well as notes on translation practices. This essential volume exposes English-speaking readers to Hungarian poetry’s artistic achievement in history and culture, its evolutionary development as a tradition, and its significance within the context of world literature.

Published by: Syracuse University Press

Title Page, Copyright, Dedication, About the Author

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pp. i-vi

Contents

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pp. vii-xii

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Preface

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pp. xiii-xiv

The poems presented in this anthology of Hungarian poetry range from “Spring Wind Makes the Water Rise,” a medieval flower song, to poems composed in the twenty-first century. While every poem in the selection is recognizable to Hungarian readers as important, the collection contains only a fraction of the major poems in the language. Our aim has been the translation and display of a group of poems, composed over the centuries by some of the greatest Hungarian poets, to demonstrate to ...

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xv-xvi

We are indebted to many people and institutions for their help in the preparation of this book.
We would like to thank Dennis Kratz, Dean of the School of Arts and Humanities at the University of Texas at Dallas, for his encouragement and his support of our publication costs. We are grateful to Mimi and Mitch Barnett, who endowed Zsuzsanna Ozsváth’s Leah and Paul Lewis Chair of Holocaust Studies at UT Dallas, for their extraordinary help and...

Selection of Poems

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p. 1-1

“Spring Wind Makes the Waters Rise”;

Anonymous

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pp. 2-3

“Be My Star, Ferryman”;

Anonymous

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pp. 4-5

“Getting Down to Living”;

Anonymous

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pp. 6-8

On Finding Julia, He Greeted Her Thus:

Bálint Balassi (1554–1594)

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p. 9-9

A Soldier’s Song

Bálint Balassi (1554–1594)

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pp. 10-11

He Supplicates the Lord to Protect Him in His Exileand Extend to Him His Further Blessings

Bálint Balassi (1554–1594)

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pp. 12-13

Bitter, As I Know Too Well . . .

Kata Szidónia Petrőczy (1662–1708)

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p. 14-14

A Restrained Plea

Vitéz Mihály Csokonai (1773–1805)

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p. 15-15

The Vow

Vitéz Mihály Csokonai (1773–1805)

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p. 16-16

To Hope

Vitéz Mihály Csokonai (1773–1805)

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pp. 17-18

The Black Wax Seal

Vitéz Mihály Csokonai (1773–1805)

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pp. 19-20

Winter Is Coming

Dániel Berzsenyi (1776–1836)

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p. 21-21

Supplication

Dániel Berzsenyi (1776–1836)

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p. 22-22

Hymn

Ferenc Kölcsey (1790–1838)

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pp. 23-25

Declaration

Mihály Vörösmarty (1800–1855)

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pp. 26-27

Night and Star

Mihály Vörösmarty (1800–1855)

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pp. 28-29

Mankind

Mihály Vörösmarty (1800–1855)

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pp. 30-31

The Mother of Matthias

János Arany (1817–1882)

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pp. 32-35

Klára Zách

János Arany (1817–1882)

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pp. 36-39

The Bards of Wales

János Arany (1817–1882)

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pp. 40-44

The Ordeal of the Bier

János Arany (1817–1882)

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pp. 45-47

Civilization

János Arany (1817–1882)

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p. 48-48

Red Rébék

János Arany (1817–1882)

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pp. 49-51

My Complaints . . .

János Arany (1817–1882)

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p. 52-52

Prophecy

Sándor Petőfi (1823–1849)

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pp. 53-54

I Would Be a Tree . . .

Sándor Petőfi (1823–1849)

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p. 55-55

One Thought Troubles Me

Sándor Petőfi (1823–1849)

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pp. 56-57

My Songs

Sándor Petőfi (1823–1849)

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pp. 58-59

September Ending

Sándor Petőfi (1823–1849)

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p. 60-60

Song of the Nation

Sándor Petőfi (1823–1849)

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pp. 61-62

Monstrous Days

Sándor Petőfi (1823–1849)

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pp. 63-64

Twenty Years Later

János Vajda (1827–1897)

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p. 65-65

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Against the Tide*

József Kiss (1843–1921)

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pp. 66-67

...*A response to the infamous anti-Semitic blood libel trial of 1882....

Oh Why So Late

József Kiss (1843–1921)

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p. 68-68

Among My Songs

Jenő Heltai (1871–1957)

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p. 69-69

“I Am the Son of Gog and Magog . . .”

Endre Ady (1877–1919)

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p. 70-70

Hawk-Mating on the Forest Floor

Endre Ady (1877–1919)

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p. 71-71

The Poet of the Eastern Plains

Endre Ady (1877–1919)

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p. 72-72

On New Waters I Walk

Endre Ady (1877–1919)

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p. 73-73

Autumn Came to Paris

Endre Ady (1877–1919)

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p. 74-74

Legend of Saint Margaret

Endre Ady (1877–1919)

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p. 75-75

Confessions of the Danube

Endre Ady (1877–1919)

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pp. 76-77

From the Stream to the Ocean

Endre Ady (1877–1919)

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p. 78-78

And I Am Not a Hungarian?

Endre Ady (1877–1919)

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p. 79-79

The Voiceless Birds

Endre Ady (1877–1919)

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p. 80-80

On Elijah’s Wain

Endre Ady (1877–1919)

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p. 81-81

Thank You, Thank You, Thank You

Endre Ady (1877–1919)

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p. 82-82

The Abandoned Pirate Ships

Endre Ady (1877–1919)

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pp. 83-84

I Guard Your Eyes

Endre Ady (1877–1919)

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p. 85-85

Memory of a Summer Night

Endre Ady (1877–1919)

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pp. 86-87

Behold, Love, These My Treasures

Endre Ady (1877–1919)

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p. 88-88

Pagan Prayer

Margit Kaffka (1880–1918)

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p. 89-89

Little Peter Walks

Margit Kaffka (1880–1918)

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pp. 90-91

To Appear Before You

Margit Kaffka (1880–1918)

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p. 92-92

How It Was

Gyula Juhász (1883–1937)

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p. 93-93

Profane Litany

Gyula Juhász (1883–1937)

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p. 94-94

Evening Questioning

Mihály Babits (1883–1941)

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pp. 95-96

Ode on Beauty

Mihály Babits (1883–1941)

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pp. 97-98

Love Poem

Mihály Babits (1883–1941)

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p. 99-99

Evening Arrival

Mihály Babits (1883–1941)

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pp. 100-101

Between Fall and Spring

Mihály Babits (1883–1941)

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pp. 102-103

Saint Blaise-ing*

Mihály Babits (1883–1941)

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pp. 104-105

The Prayer of Jonah

Mihály Babits (1883–1941)

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p. 106-106

Autumn Breakfast

Dezső Kosztolányi (1885–1936)

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p. 107-107

Ilona

Dezső Kosztolányi (1885–1936)

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pp. 108-111

Funeral Eulogy

Dezső Kosztolányi (1885–1936)

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pp. 112-113

Dawn Drunkenness

Dezső Kosztolányi (1885–1936)

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pp. 114-118

Evening Song

Árpád Tóth (1886–1928)

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p. 119-119

Evening Gloriole

Árpád Tóth (1886–1928)

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p. 120-120

Foreword

Frigyes Karinthy (1887–1938)

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pp. 121-123

Dandelion

Frigyes Karinthy (1887–1938)

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pp. 124-125

Craftsman

Lajos Kassák (1887–1967)

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pp. 126-127

On the Fields of July

Lajos Kassák (1887–1967)

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pp. 128-129

Self-Portrait

Milán Füst (1888–1967)

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p. 130-130

Winter

Milán Füst (1888–1967)

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pp. 131-132

They Say, How Beautiful

Lőrinc Szabó (1900–1957)

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p. 133-133

I Adore You

Lőrinc Szabó (1900–1957)

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p. 134-134

Everything for Nothing

Lőrinc Szabó (1900–1957)

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pp. 135-136

Dream of the One

Lőrinc Szabó (1900–1957)

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pp. 137-138

Your Name

Lőrinc Szabó (1900–1957)

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p. 139-139

Blood Kin

Gyula Illyés (1902–1983)

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pp. 140-141

One Sentence on Tyranny

Gyula Illyés (1902–1983)

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pp. 142-148

Refuge

Gyula Illyés (1902–1983)

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pp. 149-150

Beads

Attila József (1905–1937)

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p. 151-151

Night in the Outskirts

Attila József (1905–1937)

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pp. 152-154

The Last of Seven

Attila József (1905–1937)

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pp. 155-156

Ode

Attila József (1905–1937)

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pp. 157-160

Mama

Attila József (1905–1937)

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p. 161-161

Shma Yisroel

Attila József (1905–1937)

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p. 162-162

Late Lament

Attila József (1905–1937)

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pp. 163-164

Welcome for Thomas Mann

Attila József (1905–1937)

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pp. 165-166

For My Birthday

Attila József (1905–1937)

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pp. 167-168

(Who Would This Poem . . . )

Attila József (1905–1937)

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p. 169-169

(No Flowers, but a Spike . . . )

Attila József (1905–1937)

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p. 170-170

(And So I’ve Found My Native Country . . . )

Attila József (1905–1937)

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p. 171-171

Psalms of Devotion

Miklós Radnóti (1909–1944)

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pp. 172-175

Canticle

Miklós Radnóti (1909–1944)

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pp. 176-177

Just Walk On, Condemned to Die

Miklós Radnóti (1909–1944)

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p. 178-178

Twenty-nine Years

Miklós Radnóti (1909–1944)

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pp. 179-180

Foamy Sky

Miklós Radnóti (1909–1944)

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p. 181-181

Calendar

Miklós Radnóti (1909–1944)

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pp. 182-185

Winter Sun

Miklós Radnóti (1909–1944)

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p. 186-186

Paris

Miklós Radnóti (1909–1944)

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pp. 187-188

The Fifth Eclogue (fragment)

Miklós Radnóti (1909–1944)

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p. 189-189

À la Recherche . . . *

Miklós Radnóti (1909–1944)

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pp. 190-191

Razglednicas*

Miklós Radnóti (1909–1944)

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pp. 192-193

Ode to the Mind

István Vas (1910–1991)

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pp. 194-195

The Translator’s Thanks

István Vas (1910–1991)

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pp. 196-197

Conquer Me

János Pilinszky (1921–1981)

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p. 198-198

On the Third Day

János Pilinszky (1921–1981)

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p. 199-199

On a Forbidden Planet

János Pilinszky (1921–1981)

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p. 200-200

Thirst

Ágnes Nemes Nagy (1922–1991)

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p. 201-201

To Freedom

Ágnes Nemes Nagy (1922–1991)

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pp. 202-203

From the Cycle of Mourning

Zsuzsa Beney (1930–2006)

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p. 204-204

From the Cycle “It Twinkles but Disappears”

Zsuzsa Beney (1930–2006)

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p. 205-205

You Are a Sign on My Doorpost

Ágnes Gergely (1933–)

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pp. 206-207

Isabel and Ferdinand

Ágnes Gergely (1933–)

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pp. 208-209

Psalm 137

Ágnes Gergely (1933–)

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p. 210-210

Mirrorminute

Ágnes Gergely (1933–)

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p. 211-211

What Is in Schubert’s Song?

Otto Orbán (1936–2002) 212

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p. 212-212

In Which He Supplicates in the Mode of Balassi

Otto Orbán (1936–2002) 212

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pp. 213-214

Poem by an Anonymous European Poet, 1955

György Petri (1943–2000)

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pp. 215-216

Collapse

György Petri (1943–2000)

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pp. 217-218

Angel

György Petri (1943–2000)

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p. 219-219

Will You Appear?

Szabolcs Várady (1943–)

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pp. 220-221

Remembering Our Song

Szabolcs Várady (1943–)

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p. 222-222

Star-meadow

Krisztina Tóth (1967–)

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pp. 223-224

Snowdust

Krisztina Tóth (1967–)

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pp. 225-226

Essays

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pp. 227-228

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The Power of Poetry in theHungarian Literary Tradition

Zsuzsanna Ozsváth

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pp. 229-251

The sustained eff usion of pure verbal energy characterizing Hungar-ian poetry may be regarded as one of the most striking components of Hungarian culture. Its history goes far back in time. More than eight hundred years ago, under the inspiration of classical and medieval Latin poetry, Hungarian poets began to craft a rich chain of poetic designs, much of it in response to the country?s cataclysmic history. With precision, ...

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The “Thou” of Hungarian Poetry

Frederick Turner

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pp. 252-272

Every great national literature is both unique and representative of humanity?s collective literary imagination. Indeed, what we mean by ?great? is perhaps precisely the union of these two characteristics. A liter-ature that was not unique, if one could imagine such a thing, might hardly be worth translating, since its qualities would be available elsewhere; a literature that did not contain the spirit of humanity as a whole would be ...

Index

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pp. 273-278

Back Cover

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pp. 279-280


E-ISBN-13: 9780815652748
E-ISBN-10: 0815652747
Print-ISBN-13: 9780815633624
Print-ISBN-10: 0815633629

Page Count: 248
Publication Year: 2014

Series Title: N/A
Series Editor Byline: N/A

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  • Hungarian poetry -- Translations into English.
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