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Ecumenism, Memory, and German Nationalism, 1817-1917

by Stan M. Landry

Publication Year: 2013

Explores the relationship among the German confessional divide, collective memories of religion, and the construction of German national identity and difference. It argues that nineteenth-century proponents of church unity used and abused memories of Martin Luther and the Protestant Reformation to espouse German religious unity, which would then serve as a catalyst for German national unification.

Published by: Syracuse University Press

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. i-vi

Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-x

I owe enormous debts of gratitude to Susan A. Crane, Susan Karant-Nunn, Peter W. Foley, Fabio Lanza, Suzanne L. Marchand, George S. Williamson, and Anthony J. Steinhoff . They have all read early, piecemeal, and final drafts of this manuscript and offered innumerable comments, criticisms, and insights. Nietzsche quipped that a...

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Introduction

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pp. xi-xxx

This alternative history of German national unification had its origins, oddly enough, in a conference room in Montreal, Quebec. In October 2010, I delivered a paper to the Society for Reformation Research on the topic of the 1883 anniversaries of Martin Luther’s birth. With tongue planted firmly in cheek, I thanked the audience for...

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1 For the Sake of the German Fatherland

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pp. 1-26

On October 14, 1806, Napoleon Bonaparte passed through the university town of Jena after crushing the vaunted Prussian army at the battles of Jena and Auerstedt. A witness—the young philosophy professor G. W. F. Hegel—remarked that Napoleon represented a...

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2 The Ecumenical Vanguard

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pp. 27-56

Dormant for most of the 1820s and 1830s, nationalism made a dramatic return to the center of German civic life during the Revolutions of 1848. Beginning in Paris and spreading throughout Europe, the revolutions would provide the quiescent German nationalist ...

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3 A Holy Alliance

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pp. 57-78

After the failures of the Revolutions of 1848, the German liberal- nationalist movement seemed to be in shambles. Indeed, most standard accounts of German nationalism glide seamlessly from the failures of 1848 onto Bismarck’s appointment as Prussian prime...

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4 Tragedy and Triumph

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pp. 79-101

From 1864 through 1871, Otto von Bismarck engineered a series of wars that pitted Prussia against the Kingdom of Denmark, the Austrian Empire, and France. These conflicts, collectively known as the German Wars of Unification, ultimately resulted in the establishment...

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5 A Truce within the Walls

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pp. 102-112

In spite of the bitter polemics between German Catholics and Protestants during the early Kaiserreich, the last decade of the nineteenth century and the first decade of the twentieth were marked by increasing confessional peace. The Kulturkampf had failed, the conflation...

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Conclusion

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pp. 113-120

The historian Hagen Schulze has described the unification of Germany as a process occurring from the top down, bottom up, and from every side.1 Bismarck’s unification of Germany represented a movement from the top down while the kleindeutsch, großdeutsch,...

Notes

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pp. 121-144

Bibliography

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pp. 145-166

Index

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pp. 167-178


E-ISBN-13: 9780815652502
E-ISBN-10: 081565250X
Print-ISBN-13: 9780815633365
Print-ISBN-10: 081563336X

Page Count: 192
Publication Year: 2013

Series Title: Religion and Politics
Series Editor Byline: Michael Barkun

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Subject Headings

  • Christianity and politics -- Germany -- History -- 19th century.
  • Nationalism -- Germany -- History -- 19th century.
  • Nationalism -- Religious aspects -- Christianity.
  • Germany -- Church history -- 19th century.
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