Globalization, Social Movements, and Peacebuilding
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: Syracuse University Press
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Front Flap, Title Page, Other Works in the Series, Copyright, Dedication
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Tables and Figure
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This project began as part of a conversation about the current state of peace research and its ability to help us account for and address the problem of violence and war in the contemporary world. Despite a pro-liferation of journals and the rise in prestige of the fi eld of peace research over recent decades, we didn’t see much movement toward develop-...
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In the wake of the Cold War, the attention of much work in peace re-search shifted to the problem of postwar peacebuilding. This was largely in response to the efforts of United Nations Secretary General Boutros Boutros-Ghali to expand the work of the United Nations beyond its tra-ditional peacekeeping functions. It also was a response to the prolif-...
Part OneDiscourses of Confl ictand Movement
1The Post–Cold WarArms Trade ParadoxHumanitarian Arms Control, NGOs,and the Strategic Complexes of the Liberal Peace
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A notable aspect of the post–Cold War arms control agenda has been the appearance, and in many respects the relative success, of what has been labeled as a humanitarian arms control (HAC) (Greene 2010; Hynek 2007) or humanitarian disarmament (Borrie 2009, 312; Borrie and Randin 2006) agenda. This has included, in particular, the campaign on landmines that ...
2Neoliberal Ethics, theHumanitarian International,and Practices of Peacebuilding
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In his pathbreaking book Famine Crimes (1997/2006), Alex de Waal created a name for a new social movement, the “humanitarian international.”1 In de Waal’s critical treatment, however, this movement, comprised of “the cosmopolitan elite of relief workers, offi cials of donor agencies, consul-tant academics and the like, and the institutions for which they work,” ...
3Laughing at the EnemyRethinking Critiques of CommunalPolitical Violence in India
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Focusing on discursive representations of the structural forces enabling communal violence (i.e., violence among communities of politicized reli-gion) in India, this essay critically analyzes the promise of grassroots cultural practices of peacebuilding in order to account for the success and limitations of everyday modes of sustaining just peace. Specifi cally, ...
Part TwoGlobal Modelsand Local Confl icts
4Toward Human Securityand Gender JusticeRefl ections on Afghanistan and Iraq
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More than a decade ago, the United States under the administration of George W. Bush invaded and occupied Afghanistan and Iraq, generating what became both international wars and civil confl icts. The costs have been tremendous—especially to ordinary citizens in Afghanistan and Iraq—but there also have been spillover effects on neighboring countries, ...
5Capitalism at SeaPiracy and “State Failure” in the Gulf of Aden
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During 2008 and 2009 reports of Somali pirates captured the imagina-tion of many in the United States and around the world. This made-for-TV spectacle reached a crowning height in April 2009 when US Navy snipers shot and killed three pirates holding captain Richard Phillips of the Maersk Alabama hostage. Journalists, academics, and policy research-...
6Poisoned PatronageAppropriating Aid and Pulling Down“Big Men” in Northern Sierra Leone
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Political power in democratic countries may be vested in the state itself, but in Sierra Leone, politics is personal. In a country with a political history built on patronage networks, only “big people,” those who can harness the economic means to surround themselves with loyal clients willing to support them in any endeavor, can expect to maintain power ...
Part ThreePeacebuilding from BelowOpportunities and Challenges
7Peacebuilding as a Transformativeand Deliberative Process
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An important and developing feature of contemporary democracy is free and open deliberation, on the basis of which it becomes possible to institutionalize processes of constant change and renewal. While deliber-ation has many other functions within a political system, one of its impor-tant functions is to establish and maintain social peace in cases of confl ict. ...
8The World Social Forums asTransformative Peacebuilding
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Most analysts of peacebuilding view civil society actors as essential to any postwar peace. Paffenholz and Spurk summarize seven key functions of civil society identifi ed in the literature, including protection, monitor-ing, advocacy for marginalized groups, socialization for a culture of peace, and fostering social cohesion (Paffenholz and Spurk 2006). Several obser-...
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The past several decades have seen major changes in approaches to peace-building. Scholars and practitioners have moved beyond the early efforts of confl ict management, which sought to contain violence, to more sophis-ticated strategies of confl ict “resolution” and “transformation” (Richmond 2010) with the aim of addressing the deeper causes of violence. Some of ...
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Back Flap, Back Cover
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Page Count: 304
Illustrations: 1 Figure, 3 Tables
Publication Year: 2013
Series Title: Syracuse Studies on Peace and Conflict Resolution
Series Editor Byline: Robert A. Rubinstein