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Globalization, Social Movements, and Peacebuilding

edited by Jackie Smith

Publication Year: 2013

This book considers how global capitalism affects fragile peace processes in countries suffering under years of violent conflict. While these countries benefit from few of the resources made available through a global economy, they are nonetheless woven within, and reliant upon, the economic and political relationships such an economy demands. By including the work of anthropologists, economists, religious studies experts, sociologists and political scientists, this book presents a broad yet thorough exploration of the complexities of peacebuilding in a free market. “Much of the current research on peacebuilding focuses on domestic factors while failing to take into account both the international political context and the pressures of market liberalization on fragile peace processes,” the editors write. “Indeed, what are apparently localized conflicts depend upon resource flows that extend well beyond national borders.” Included in the text are specific studies of Africa, Asia, and the Middle East as well as considerations of conflicts on the global scale.

Published by: Syracuse University Press

Cover

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p. 1-1

Front Flap, Title Page, Other Works in the Series, Copyright, Dedication

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pp. 2-8

Contents

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pp. vii-viii

List of Tables and Figure

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pp. ix-x

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xi-xiv

This project began as part of a conversation about the current state of peace research and its ability to help us account for and address the problem of violence and war in the contemporary world. Despite a proliferation of journals and the rise in prestige of the field of peace research over recent decades, ...

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Introduction

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pp. 1-18

In the wake of the Cold War, the attention of much work in peace research shifted to the problem of postwar peacebuilding. This was largely in response to the efforts of United Nations Secretary General Boutros Boutros-Ghali to expand the work of the United Nations beyond its traditional peacekeeping functions. ...

Part One: Discourses of Conflict and Movement

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1. The Post–Cold War Arms Trade Paradox: Humanitarian Arms Control, NGOs, and the Strategic Complexes of the Liberal Peace

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pp. 21-46

A notable aspect of the post–Cold War arms control agenda has been the appearance, and in many respects the relative success, of what has been labeled as a humanitarian arms control (HAC) (Greene 2010; Hynek 2007) or humanitarian disarmament (Borrie 2009, 312; Borrie and Randin 2006) agenda. ...

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2. Neoliberal Ethics, the Humanitarian International, and Practices of Peacebuilding

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pp. 47-68

In his pathbreaking book Famine Crimes (1997/2006), Alex de Waal created a name for a new social movement, the “humanitarian international.”1 In de Waal’s critical treatment, however, this movement, comprised of “the cosmopolitan elite of relief workers, officials of donor agencies, consultant academics and the like, and the institutions for which they work,” ...

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3. Laughing at the Enemy: Rethinking Critiques of Communal Political Violence in India

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pp. 69-94

Focusing on discursive representations of the structural forces enabling communal violence (i.e., violence among communities of politicized religion) in India, this essay critically analyzes the promise of grassroots cultural practices of peacebuilding in order to account for the success and limitations of everyday modes of sustaining just peace. ...

Part Two: Global Models and Local Conflicts

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4. Toward Human Security and Gender Justice: Reflections on Afghanistan and Iraq

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pp. 97-133

More than a decade ago, the United States under the administration of George W. Bush invaded and occupied Afghanistan and Iraq, generating what became both international wars and civil conflicts. The costs have been tremendous—especially to ordinary citizens in Afghanistan and Iraq—but there also have been spillover effects on neighboring countries, ...

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5. Capitalism at Sea: Piracy and “State Failure” in the Gulf of Aden

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pp. 134-158

During 2008 and 2009 reports of Somali pirates captured the imagination of many in the United States and around the world. This made-for-TV spectacle reached a crowning height in April 2009 when US Navy snipers shot and killed three pirates holding captain Richard Phillips of the Maersk Alabama hostage. ...

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6. Poisoned Patronage: Appropriating Aid and Pulling Down “Big Men” in Northern Sierra Leone

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pp. 159-186

Political power in democratic countries may be vested in the state itself, but in Sierra Leone, politics is personal. In a country with a political history built on patronage networks, only “big people,” those who can harness the economic means to surround themselves with loyal clients willing to support them in any endeavor, ...

Part Three: Peacebuilding from Below: Opportunities and Challenges

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7. Peacebuilding as a Transformative and Deliberative Process

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pp. 189-206

An important and developing feature of contemporary democracy is free and open deliberation, on the basis of which it becomes possible to institutionalize processes of constant change and renewal. While deliberation has many other functions within a political system, one of its important functions is to establish and maintain social peace in cases of conflict. ...

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8. The World Social Forums as Transformative Peacebuilding

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pp. 207-234

Most analysts of peacebuilding view civil society actors as essential to any postwar peace. Paffenholz and Spurk summarize seven key functions of civil society identified in the literature, including protection, monitoring, advocacy for marginalized groups, socialization for a culture of peace, and fostering social cohesion (Paffenholz and Spurk 2006). ...

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Conclusion

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pp. 235-246

The past several decades have seen major changes in approaches to peacebuilding. Scholars and practitioners have moved beyond the early efforts of conflict management, which sought to contain violence, to more sophisticated strategies of conflict “resolution” and “transformation” (Richmond 2010) with the aim of addressing the deeper causes of violence. ...

Bibliography

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pp. 247-278

Contributors

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pp. 279-282

Index

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pp. 283-292

Back Flap, Back Cover

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pp. 311-312


E-ISBN-13: 9780815652281
E-ISBN-10: 0815652283
Print-ISBN-13: 9780815633211
Print-ISBN-10: 0815633211

Page Count: 304
Illustrations: 1 Figure, 3 Tables
Publication Year: 2013

Series Title: Syracuse Studies on Peace and Conflict Resolution
Series Editor Byline: Robert A. Rubinstein

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Subject Headings

  • Peace-building.
  • Social movements.
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