Raging Against the Machine
Political Opposition Under Authoritarianism in Egypt
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: Syracuse University Press
Cover, Front Flap
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Title Page, Copyright, Dedication, About the Author
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This book is a substantially revised version of my doctoral dissertation on politics and opposition in Egypt. What first comes to my mind is the place where I have lived for almost fifteen years and where the idea to write this book has materialized. After having worked in the Middle East Section at Tübingen’s Political Science Department ...
Note on Transliteration
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February 11, 2011, marked a decisive moment in Egypt’s modern history, witnessing the fall of the “Pharaoh” Hosni Mubarak after eighteen days of a popular mass uprising. The January 25 uprising marked the fall of one of the longest-serving autocrats in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) and triggered a sea change in Egypt’s political life. ...
1. Regime and Opposition: Two Schizophrenic Personalities
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Political opposition in an authoritarian regime has a positive reputation among Western media and policymakers: he who opposes the dictator—if not an Islamist—is, at least implicitly, considered a democratic force. This perception includes the notion that the opposition challenges government in its very core, that is, its claim to execute decision making in the polity. ...
2. Loyal Opposition: The Opposition Party Cartel
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Party politics in Egypt is a rather new phenomenon compared with other political systems in the region.1 Egypt under Mubarak had a noncompetitive multiparty system that has emanated from political liberalization initiated by Anwar Sadat in the second half of the 1970s. ...
3. Tolerated Opposition: Civil Society and Public Protest
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Opposition parties have constituted the landscape of regime-loyal opposition activism in Egypt. There was a clear modus vivendi for the relationship between the regime and the respective opposition actors. The rules, both formal and informal, of that activism were quite established, though subject to adaptation and orchestration from above. ...
4. Anti-System Opposition: The Islamist Challenge
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The Islamist movement constitutes the strongest political force in Egyptian politics. Political Islam in Mubarak’s Egypt was composed of three forms of movement organizations: a moderate Islamist mass movement based on strong popular backing, a number of clandestine groups and would-be parties ...
5. Political Institutions between Contestation and Control
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Whereas the previous empirical chapters have focused on the agents of contestation, this section adopts a structuralist perspective and examines the institutionalized channels governing contentious relations between the regime and its various forms of oppositions. ...
6. The Transformation of Contentious Politics: Egypt after Mubarak
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Egypt’s political system under Mubarak stands out among liberalized authoritarian regimes in that it inhabited a large, colorful, and heterogeneous landscape of political opposition. Since the late 1970s, a multiparty system has emerged that has become increasingly fragmented over the thirty-five years of its existence; ...
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Back Flap, Back Cover
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Page Count: 248
Publication Year: 2013