The Second Coming of Paisley
Militant Fundamentalism and Ulster Politics
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: Syracuse University Press
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Front Flap, Title Page, Other Works in the Series, Copyright
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Acknowledgments: The World of Academia
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The acknowledgments for this book are intentionally short. Gradu-ate schools—this work is derived from my dissertation at Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge—are notorious for those who help students and those who do not. Th at said, Meredith Veldman, my dissertation adviser, James Rogers of St. Th omas University and New Hibernia Review, Irene Whelan of Manhattanville College, New York, and James MacKillop ...
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P A R T O N EThe Old TestamentTh e Background to Paisleyism
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On 4 October 1969, an enthusiastic crowd watched the Reverend Ian Paisley christen the new Martyrs Memorial Free Presbyterian Church in East Belfast, Northern Ireland. Th e approximately seven thou-sand Christians in attendance either were members of the new church or belonged to Northern Ireland’s twenty-nine Free Presbyterian congre-gations or were supporters of the Reverend Paisley who attended other ...
1The Transatlantic Backgroundto Fundamentalism
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When the Reverend Ian Paisley preached his fi rst sermon to Mar-tyrs Memorial Free Presbyterian Church, his message painted an image of the long transatlantic history of Calvinism, revivalism, and Bible Protestantism. He derived much of his Christian faith from the con-nection between British and North American culture and religiosity that had begun with the Puritan emigration and culminated in American mil-...
2The Twentieth-Century ReformationTh e Gospel of Militant Fundamentalism
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In the 1930s, the concerns of the American fundamentalist commu- nity transcended theology and refocused on politics and social mores. Within militant fundamentalism, national and international politics and a defense of American capitalism rivaled the defense of Bible Protestant-ism. Whereas communism had worried militants during the interwar period, the onset of the Cold War created a morbid fear of the Soviet ...
3The Theological and PoliticalBackground to Ulster Protestantism
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The factors that led to Paisleyism were not limited to American mili-tant fundamentalism or to Irish revivalism and theological issues. Th e political, cultural, and economic history of the British Isles—from the Reformation through the mid-1950s—augmented the eff ects that fundamentalism, revivalism, and the transatlantic schisms within Pres-byterianism contributed to Irish militant fundamentalism. Th is is clear ...
P A R T T W OThe New TestamentPremillennial Paisleyism
4A Fundamental Defenseof Ulster Protestantism
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The fi rst three chapters outlined the infl uences that were vital to the formation of Paisleyism: the emergence of American fundamental-ism, the political and economic maturation of the Northern Ireland state-let, and the coalescence of evangelism and revivalism into the Protestant identity of Ulster. Th is chapter explores the intersection of these three developments. In history, timing and the sequence of events are impor-...
5The Crusade Against O’Neilland Ecumenism
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Until the early 1960s, Paisley’s notoriety was confi ned to the North-ern Irish religious community and to a small group of militant fundamentalists in North America and Great Britain. But during the fi ve-year period between 1963, when Terence O’Neill was elected the leader of the UUP and appointed the prime minister of Northern Ireland, and August 1968 when Northern Ireland civil rights activists took their mes-...
6Civil Rights for the Green,the Black, and the Orange
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As Paisley and O’Neill awoke to New Year’s Day in 1967, it likely seemed to both that they had strengthened their stature among their respective supporters. Paisley had become an important martyr within the international fellowship of militant Protestantism, and the Free Presbyterian Church was beginning to expand its membership and plan new congregations aft er a decade of limited growth. O’Neill, mean-...
7Paisley, the Elijah of Ulster
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In August 1966, the Reverend Carl McIntire sent a telegram to Queen Elizabeth II, protesting the jailing of Paisley and his associates that followed the Paisleyite demonstration in front of the Presbyterian General Assembly. McIntire argued that the convictions of Paisley, John Wylie, and Ivan Foster constituted religious persecution and that their arrests had been carried out at the request of the WCC and the Presbyterian Church ...
8Christian Disobedience in Ulster
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When Paisley returned to Northern Ireland in May 1968, his rhet-oric against NICRA dramatically increased: attacks on civil rights took prominence over those against O’Neillism. Moreover, his tac-tics changed in a very important way. Before the summer of 1968, Paisley had harassed numerous “apostate” opponents but had never physically prevented an opponent from protesting or attending any church service, ...
P A R T T H R E EThe Second ComingPaisley and Amillennial Politics
9The Genesis of Ulster Amilitant Politics
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This fi nal section examines Paisley’s career in politics and his trans-formation from a premillennialist fundamentalist crusader into an amillennial politician. During his early career as a campaigning anti-modernist and antiecumenical militant fundamentalist, he showed a basic interest in politics, but more concern with the signs forecasting the Second Coming and revival. He focused his political activities on consti-...
10The Second ComingPaisley and the “Civil” Religionof Democratic Unionism
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Throughout the fi rst six months of the British army’s deployment in Northern Ireland beginning in August 1969, Paisleyites remained fairly complacent. During that fall and winter, however, a previously dormant foe reemerged that impelled Paisley into action: the IRA.1 Th e ineff ectiveness of British government policy and the escalation of Repub-lican violence accelerated Paisley’s move into politics. His second jailing, ...
N O T E SW O R K S C I T E DI N D E X
Back Flap, Back Cover
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Page Count: 328
Publication Year: 2013
Series Title: Irish Studies
Series Editor Byline: Jim MacKillop