Back Channel Negotiation
Secrecy in the Middle East Peace Process
Publication Year: 2010
Published by: Syracuse University Press
Title Page, Copyright Page, Dedication Page
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Tables and Figure
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Over the years, I have benefitted from support around the globe in my pursuit of knowledge of the Middle East peace process. Initial research support came from the Program on Negotiation at Harvard Law School. Years later, a postdoctoral fellowship was granted by the Palestinian-American Research Council. The Middle East peace process has passed through more than a decade and half of turbulence, and in that time I have progressively presented the cases and ideas...
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1. Analyzing the Palestinian-Israeli Peace Process
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Secrecy has long been a tool used by diplomats and politicians in their negotiations with adversaries. Perplexingly, secret negotiations can and often do take place in parallel with open and acknowledged “front channel” negotiations. Front channel negotiators meet with their counterparts and are often subject to intense scrutiny by the public, political parties, and media. However, different negotiators are sometimes sent to negotiate with their counterparts, but their...
2. The Search for Peace in the Palestinian-Israeli Conflict, 1973 to 1991
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The search for peace in the Palestinian-Israeli conflict did not originate in Washington, Stockholm, or Geneva. Nor did it commence in the 1990s. It dates all the way to the conflict’s origins when Palestinian notables, officials of the Hashemite royal family (that was later to rule Jordan), and Zionist leaders attempted to find elusive common ground in the early years of the British Mandate in Palestine.
3. The Madrid Peace Conference and the Washington Track, 1991 to 1993
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It took nearly forty-three years after the establishment of the state of Israel for Palestinian and Israeli negotiators to openly sit down to peace talks. The world watched as the Madrid Peace Conference was followed by a bilateral track of Palestinian-Israeli negotiations held mostly in Washington, D.C. Paradoxically, their efforts were soon eclipsed by PLO-Israel negotiations being conducted...
4. Negotiations in the Oslo Channel, 1993
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The secret negotiations conducted in various places in Norway began modestly without any official involvement from the Israeli government. Collectively, these discussions have come to be known to interested observers as the “Oslo channel.” At their outset, there was little to suggest these talks would result in Israel and the PLO recognizing each other after thirty years of armed conflict. At first,...
5. Negotiations During the Interim Phase, 1993 to 1998
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Following the signing ceremony held on September 13, 1993, Palestinians, Israelis, and other interested parties around the world began declaring their support, skepticism, or rejection of the newly revealed PLO-Israel peace process. Among the Palestinians, secular and religious nationalist movements aligned themselves either for or against the Oslo Accords and by extension, the Palestinian...
6. Endgame or Endless Game? Permanent Status and Crisis Negotiations, 1999 to 2008
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By May 1999, the interim phase of the Palestinian-Israeli peace process was officially over. Both Interim and Permanent Status Agreements should have been reached, but only an Interim Agreement had been signed. The Interim Agreement, signed on September 28, 1995, should also have been completely implemented long before the end of this period. Instead, the Interim Agreement was...
7. Back Channel Negotiation: Causes and Consequences
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This chapter synthesizes findings from a decade of research into the Palestinian-Israeli negotiations whose origins lie in the late 1980s and extends the analysis of the phenomenon of back channel negotiation.2 I set out to ascertain why back channel negotiations are used, what other negotiation variables they interact with, and what overall effect they can have on one of the most complex...
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Page Count: 360
Illustrations: 1 figure
Publication Year: 2010