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The Urban Social History of the Middle East, 1750-1950

Peter Sluglett is professor of Middle Eastern history at the University of Utah, Salt Lake City. He is the author of Britain in Iraq: Contriving King and Country and coauthor of Iraq since 1958: From Revolution to Dictatorship.

Publication Year: 2011

The authors effectively define and map out urban social history in the Middle East from the eighteenth to twentieth centuries, affording us a foundational volume that enriches our understanding of society in the late Ottoman and colonial periods.

Published by: Syracuse University Press

Title Page, Copyright

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Contents

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pp. v-vi

Tables

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pp. vii-viii

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Preface

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pp. ix-xii

I am delighted, and somewhat amazed, that this book at last seems inexorably bound to reach the reading public. Th ere were dark days, dark months, even dark years, when its appearance seemed to hang in the balance, and I am more than grateful to all the contributors, who greeted each further delay with a combination of equanimity and resignation, ...

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Contributors

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pp. xiii-xiv

Edmund Burke IIII is director of the Center for World History at the University of California at Santa Cruz, where he teaches Middle East and North African history, Mediterranean history and world history. He is the co-editor of Genealogies of Orientalism: History, Politics, Theory and The Environment and World History, 1750–2000. ...

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1. Introduction

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pp. 1-42

Urban social history is one of the most fruitful and exciting areas of enquiry in the contemporary historiography of the Middle East. The opening up and utilization of Islamic court records and Ottoman administrative documents over the past few decades has greatly changed the parameters of our knowledge ...

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2. Interdependent Spaces: Relations Between the City and the Countryside in the Nineteenth Century

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pp. 43-66

In the course of the nineteenth century, cities and their hinterlands throughout the world became more intricately linked together as increasing demand for raw materials both on the part of growing local populations and of expanding European industries made agricultural production more valuable. ...

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3. Political Relations Between City and State in the Middle East, 1700–1850

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pp. 67-103

As with all historiographies of multiethnic empires, that of the Ott oman Empire has always been subject to the vagaries of nationalist politics. Until recently, most of those who studied cities in the Arab provinces tended to view Ottoman control as inimical to the development of an urban civil society ...

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4. The Economic Organization of Cities in Ottoman Syria

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pp. 104-140

In a variety of ways, the contemporary economic organization of Middle Eastern cities still bears the imprint of centuries of interaction between Islamic, customary, Ottoman, and European legal and economic institutions. In Syria, this interaction was characterized by alternating conflict and accommodation over time, ...

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5. Political Relations Between City and State in the Colonial Period

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pp. 141-153

From the very beginnings of Islam, the great cities have played pivotal political roles. By the nineteenth century, cities had developed into new instruments of control as government att empts to modernize required a greater degree of centralization on the part of the state. ...

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6. The Demography of Cities and the Expansion of Urban Space

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pp. 154-181

In the century and a half between Napoleon’s expedition to Egypt in 1798 and the end of World War II, the urban population of the Middle East, that is, the area between Morocco and Afghanistan, increased almost tenfold, from 2.8 million to 26 million inhabitants. This very considerable rate of quantitative growth was not peculiar to the Middle East; ...

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7. Moving Out of Place: Minorities in Middle Eastern Urban Societies, 1800–1914

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pp. 182-223

Minorities have played a prominent role in the history of Middle Eastern societies, urban as well as rural, and the minority question continues to be highly relevant in contemporary politics. If minorities have mostly been studied in the context of modern nation-building processes, they are of equal interest ...

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8. Urban Social Movements, 1750–1950

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pp. 224-256

In broad outline, a pattern of urban politics can be discerned in the major cities of the Ottoman Empire in the eighteenth century, with continuities into the nineteenth in most of them. Popular movements, protests, riots, and rebellions are best considered in the context of the urban politics of that period. ...

Glossary

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pp. 257-260

Bibliography

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pp. 261-314

Index

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pp. 315-321

Back Cover

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E-ISBN-13: 9780815650638
E-ISBN-10: 0815650639
Print-ISBN-13: 9780815632672
Print-ISBN-10: 0815632673

Page Count: 338
Publication Year: 2011

Edition: 1
Series Title: Modern Intellectual and Political History of the Middle East