Turkey’s European Future
Behind the Scenes of America’s Influence on EU-Turkey Relations
Publication Year: 2011
Published by: NYU Press
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List of Abbreviations
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Chronology: US-Turkey-EU Relations
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This book is the result of two research projects, which built upon one another. The research began with a two-year project carried out by the Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI) in Rome and the Turkish Economic Policy Research Foundation (TEPAV) in 2006–8, with the generous support of the Union of Chambers and Commodity Exchanges of Turkey (TOBB), the Open Society Institute...
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It is striking how often Turkey is mentioned in transatlantic debates over a wide variety of strategic questions. While being a critical partner of both the United States and the European Union, Turkey is viewed very differently on both sides of the Atlantic. For the US, Turkey has been, at least since the inception of the...
1 Squaring the Triangle: Understanding American Influence
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Turkey is of paramount importance to the United States (US) and to the European Union (EU). In the US, Turkey was viewed as a critical ally throughout the Cold War and has been considered a ‘strategic’ and ‘model’ partner since then. In Europe, Turkey has been an integral part of the continent’s centuries-long history...
2 The View from Washington: American Debates and Stakeholders
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In America, Turkey is viewed as a clear-cut foreign policy question. As such, the broad contours of American views of Turkey are set by US foreign policy norms, interests, and objectives. There are structural reasons why this is so, ranging from America’s geographical distance from Turkey to the strategic logic underpinning US-Turkey relations. However, an exclusive foreign policy lens does...
3 Behind the Scenes of the EU: European Debates and Stakeholders
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An insightful key to understanding Turkey’s long march to Europe as well as the scope of American influence on EU-Turkey relations is to explore European debates on Turkey. European debates are not simply ‘for’ or ‘against’ Turkey. It is true that a majority of public opinion across the EU opposes Turkey’s accession nowadays. But most importantly for our purposes, the causes of support...
4 Transatlantic Debates: The Role of Direct American Advocacy
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Chapter 2 explored the American debates on Turkey and explained how, as Turkish-American relations reconfigured after the Cold War, Washington began pressing for Turkey’s deeper integration into the European Union. Chapter 3 turned to European debates on Turkey, highlighting how these reach beyond the technicalities of Turkey’s European integration and mirror opinions about Turkey...
5 Influencing Europe through the Back Door: The Role of US-Turkey Relations
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As discussed in chapter 4, the US, through its advocacy over the years, was pivotal in jump-starting Turkey’s accession process. Over the last decade, however, the effectiveness of American ideational and discursive power on Europe declined. Notwithstanding, the US has continued to play a significant role indirectly, by shaping the overall strategic and intellectual environments in which....
6 Global Implications: American Foreign Policy in Turkey’s Neighborhood
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Another facet of indirect American influence on EU-Turkey relations pertains to US policy in Turkey’s neighborhood, its implications for Turkish foreign policy and how these shape European approaches to Turkey. In view of the broad scope of this text, this chapter concentrates on a confined set of US foreign policy initiatives in Turkey’s northern and southern neighborhoods...
7 Conclusion: Unpacking the Triangle
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This book is the result of an inquiry inspired by a paradox. On the one hand, actors on both sides of the Atlantic recognize that the US does and can only have a limited influence on Turkey’s relations with the European Union. On the other hand, Turkey is an integral part of the transatlantic relationship, and has been conspicuously present in transatlantic debates on a broad range of questions...
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About the Author
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Nathalie Tocci is deputy director of the Istituto Affari Internazionali in Rome, Italy, and author or editor of many books, including The EU, Civil Society and...
Page Count: 240
Publication Year: 2011