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Feminism and Antiracism

International Struggles for Justice

France Twine, Kathleen Blee

Publication Year: 2001

A collection of international scholars and activists answer the questionshow does gender and region/nation play a defining role in how feminists engage in anti-racist practices? How has the restructuring in the world economy affected anti-racist organizing? How do Third World Feminists counter the perception that feminism is a "Western" ideology and how effective are their methods? What opportunities does globalization bring for cross-cultural organizing?

From essays on the race and gender issues in organizing exotic dancers to resistance art in Africa and the U.S., this timely and necessary anthology will be sure to spark debate and controversy.

Contributors: Angela Davis, Kathleen Blee, France Winddance Twine, Heater Merrill, Veronica Magar, Siobhan Brooks, Delores Walters, Michelle Rosenthal, Ellen Kaye Scott, andrea breen, Yoshiko Nozaki, Sohera Syeda, Becky Thompson, Paola Bacchetta, Carolyn Martin Shaw, Eileen O'Brien and Michael Armato, Jane Freedman, Cathleen Armstead, Ashwini Deshpande, and Minelle Mahtani.

Published by: NYU Press

Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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pp. iii-v

Contents

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pp. vii-ix

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xi-xii

We thank the contributors to this volume who responded to a Call for Papers that we issued in 1998. Their political and intellectual investments in social justice made this volume possible. We are also very grateful to all the feminist and antiracist scholars whose work has guided us, including but not limited to scholars in the following fields...

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Foreword by Mary Romero

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pp. xiii-xv

I read Feminism and Antiracism: International Struggles for Justice in the midst of the year 2000 U.S. election when the margin of victory was less than the margin of error. Internationally, the election debacle revealed some of the contradictions and hypocrisies of U.S. imperialist claims to be the guardian of democracy. ...

Contributors

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pp. xvii-xxi

Feminism and Antiracism

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pp. xxiii-

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Introduction - Feminist Antiracist Maps: Transnational Contours

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pp. 1-13

On March 9, 2000, in commemoration of International Women's Day eight thousand Mexican women, many of them Zapatista rebel sympathizers, peacefully took over a Chiapas radio station, to demonstrate for the rights of women and indigenous people (Indians) in Mexico. ...

Part I - Feminist Spaces, Antiracist Maps

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pp. 14-15

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1 Making Space for Antiracist Feminismin Northern Italy

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pp. 17-36

On February 28, 1990 Italy passed the Martelli law (Law 39), an immigration bill drafted by the socialist Minister of Justice, Claudio Martelli. The Martelli law inaugurated the first comprehensive Italian immigration policy. ...

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2 Resisting Domestic Violence and Caste Inequality: All-Women Courts in India

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pp. 37-58

Action India began as a small, informal group consisting of part-time volunteers and became a large and significant feminist establishment in Delhi, India. In this chapter I describe how Action India successfully trained women from the slums to hold the perpetrators of domestic violence accountable through informal women's courts (mahila panchayat, in Hindi). ...

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3 Exotic Dancing and Unionizing: The Challenges of Feminist and Antiracist Organizing at the Lusty Lady Theater

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pp. 59-70

On August 30, 1996 the Lusty Lady theater in San Francisco made history by becoming the only women-managed strip club in the United States to successfully unionize. Dancers at the Lusty Lady joined Local 790 of the SEIU (Service Employee International Union) to protest racist hiring practices, customers videotaping women via one-way mirrored glass without their consent...

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4 Women, Healthcare, and Social Reform in Yemen

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pp. 71-93

Politically, women's participation in the emerging democracy of Yemen is being recognized, but legally, women's rights remain limited. In Yemen's 1997 parliamentary elections, the presence of women--as campaigners, monitors, and voters (25 percent out of a total of 4.6 million eligible voters)--was impressive.1 ...

Part II - Feminist Talk, Antiracist Dialogues

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pp. 94-95

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5 Danger Talk: Race and Feminist Empowerment in the New South Africa

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pp. 97-124

South Africa's first democratic elections, on April 26, 1994, technically marked the beginning of a nonracial democracy headed by the Government of National Unity. For many women who had been active in the antiapartheid movement both at home in South Africa and abroad in exile, national liberation was no longer the primary basis on which to organize.1 ...

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6 From Race Cognizance to Racism Cognizance: Dilemmas in Antiracist Activism in California

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pp. 125-149

Racism awareness workshops are one of the most popular mechanisms in the United States for addressing racism in organizational settings. They date to the late 1960s when they were used by the U.S. Army to facilitate the racial integration of the armed forces1 and became widespread by the 1970s in a range of settings from police departments to social service agencies and social movement organizations.2 ...

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7 Between the Covers: Feminist, Antiracist, and Queer Performance Art in Australia

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pp. 150-169

Tasmania was settled as a penal colony in 1803, fifteen years after the first fleet of convicts and free settlers from Britain sailed into Botany Bay where Sydney now stands. Because Tasmania was isolated from the rest of the Australian continent it was perceived as an appropriate location for a penal settlement. ...

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8 Feminism, Nationalism, and the JapaneseTextbook Controversy over "Comfort Women"

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pp. 170-189

In 1993, "women's human rights" were recognized at the World Conference on Human Rights in Vienna, resulting in the "Declaration of the Elimination of Violence against Women." In 1994, the International Conference on Population and Development in Cairo recognized the reproductive rights of women, and the 1995 World Conference on Women in Beijing included the issue of sexual rights of women in its report. ...

Part III - Coalitions at Work: Transgressive, Transracial, Transnational

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pp. 190-191

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9 Coalition Politics in Organizing for Mumia Abu-Jamal

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pp. 193-219

Mumia Abu-Jamal, a journalist, radio commentator, author of Death Blossoms: Reflections from a Prisoner of Conscience, and a political prisoner is on death row in Pennsylvania.1 We write as two people--a South Asian Muslim woman and a white professor of Sociology and African American Studies...

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10 Extraordinary Alliances in Crisis Situations: Women against Hindu Nationalism in India

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pp. 220-249

This chapter explores women's alliances across religions, classes, castes, and sexualities against Hindu nationalism during two significant events: a Hindu-Muslim riot in Ahmedabad, Gujarat, in 1985 and Hindu nationalist attacks against lesbianism in 1998. In my analysis of the way these alliances crystalized during moments of crisis, I draw on primary documents by women's and anticommunal organizations,1 ...

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11 Working with Feminists in Zimbabwe: A Black American's Experience of Transnational Alliances

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pp. 250-276

In the fall of 1983, I joined with black, white, coloured (mixed race), and Asian women in the Women's Action Group (WAG) to protest Operation Clean-Up, an attempt by the Zimbabwe government to rid the capital city of prostitutes and vagrants. During Operation Clean-Up, thousands of men and women were picked up in urban areas throughout the country...

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12 Building Connections between Antiracism and Feminism: Antiracist Women and Profeminist Men

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pp. 277-291

To overturn the vast inequalities that characterize U.S. society, members of the "dominant" groups, including white American men and women, will have to actively engage in the fight for racial and gender justice. Such actions are not unprecedented in U.S. history. ...

Part IV - Faith and Other Unfinished Feminisms

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pp. 292-293

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13 "Lâ'affaire des Foulards": Problems of Defining a Feminist Antiracist Strategy in French Schools

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pp. 295-312

This chapter deals with the interactions of feminisms and antiracisms in French schools, in particular in relation to the debate surrounding the foulard islamique (Islamic headscarf) worn by some girls of mainly Maghrebi (North African) origin. This highly politicized debate has involved all the major feminist and antiracist associations in France...

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14 Memorializing Racist Massacres: Faith versus Feminism in Florida

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pp. 313-327

This essay examines the Democracy Forum, a small multiracial, faith-based social activist group that was committed to "challenging multiple oppressions."1 Democracy Forum, in which I was a participant, was organized in the late 1990s in Apopka, a small town in central Florida in the U.S. South. ...

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15 Casting Off Servitude: Assessing Caste and Gender Inequality in India

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pp. 328-348

In 1991, the government of India introduced a proposal to reserve 33 percent of electorates for women in the local self-governments (the municipality and the metropolitan council levels). After much debate, the measure was passed in 1993. Three years later, a bill for extending such reservation to the parliamentary and state legislative councils was introduced...

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16 Mapping the Meanings of "Racism" and "Feminism" among Women Television Broadcast Journalists in Canada

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pp. 349-366

Almost half the people employed by Canada's biggest media corporation are women,2 and according to a recent UNESCO report on employment patterns in the media, women now make up the majority of journalism students on campuses.3 However, despite the increase in the representation of women, the everyday culture of Canadian newsrooms remain male controlled and male defined.4 ...

Appendix A: Chronology of Selected Feminist, Racist, and Antiracist Actions

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pp. 367-372

Appendix B: Selected List of Feminist and Antiracist Organizations

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pp. 373-380

Index

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pp. 381-389


E-ISBN-13: 9780814784310
E-ISBN-10: 0814784313
Print-ISBN-13: 9780814798546
Print-ISBN-10: 0814798543

Page Count: 414
Publication Year: 2001