Hate Thy Neighbor
Move-In Violence and the Persistence of Racial Segregation in American Housing
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: NYU Press
I am so grateful to the many people who, though they were lucky enough to have lives very different from those of the people whose Some of the first to hear about the project provided critical sup-port, from beginning to end. Early funding for the research project that became this book came from Indiana University’s Faculty Research ...
Introduction: Violence and the Neighborhood Color Line
The night after members of a black family moved into their new house in a predominately Italian neighborhood, a mob of roughly a thousand whites, who had been rioting in a nearby park, surrounded the family’s house and began to throw stones, breaking windows. The following eve-ning, two hundred teenagers gathered close to the family’s home shout-...
1. The Roots of Contemporary Move-In Violence
Though many Americans may imagine that racially segregated hous-ing in the United States is a direct descendent of slavery, in actuality the history of the integration of housing by race is more complicated. Blacks and whites were much more likely to be housed in the same neighborhood in the nineteenth century than they are in the twenty-...
2. The Contemporary Dynamics of Move-In Violence
The Fair Housing Act, passed in the wake of Martin Luther King Jr.’s assassination, attempted to address the discrimination in housing that had created the white neighborhoods in which anti-integrationist vio-lence occurred. Though the act was an important step and eventually became a significant vehicle for the prosecution of acts of violence ...
3. Anti-Integrationist Violence and the Tolerance-Violence Paradox
The popular stereotype of American racial violence is captured by the movie Mississippi Burning. This 1988 Oscar-winning movie starred Wil-lem Dafoe and Gene Hackman in a fictionalized account of the FBI investigation into the real-life murders of three civil rights workers killed in Mississippi in 1964. The picture that Mississippi Burning pres-...
4. Racism or Power? Explaining Perpetrator Motivation in Interethnic Cases
When Channise Davy first laid eyes on the cream-colored, three-bed-room bungalow on a peaceful street in Duarte, a small town in Los Angeles County, California, she thought she had found the perfect place to call home. The charming little house was accented by red and yellow roses in the front yard, with a nectarine tree, a red swing set, and ...
5. When Class Trumps Race: Explaining Perpetrator Motivation in Interclass Cases
Scholars discussing behavior that fits the anti-integrationist violence mold have focused closely on offenders’ racial attitudes. It makes intuitive sense to assume that offenders would single out minorities for attack because they dislike them. In this chapter, I turn the lens to another defining characteristic of many acts of anti-integrationist vio-...
6. Responding to Neighborhood Hate Crimes
Many perpetrators of anti-integrationist violence, like those who commit other types of hate crimes, are never caught. If the perpetrators are caught, the government’s response to anti-integrationist violence may involve a variety of actors, ranging from police officers investigating the crime to judges involved in sentencing. This chapter explores the challenges of a ...
Conclusion: The Reality of Anti-Integrationist Violence and Prospects for Integration
The Reality of Anti-Integrationist Violence and Prospects for IntegrationBlacks, Latinos, Asian Americans, and other ethnic minorities choose to move to white neighborhoods for many of the same reasons that whites do: attractive houses, good schools for their children, better proximity to employment, and access to services. As previous chapters ...
About the Author
Jeannine Bell is Professor of Law at Indiana University Maurer School of Law in Bloomington, Indiana. She is the author of Policing Hatred: Law Enforcement, Civil Rights, and Hate Crime; Police and Policing Law;and Gaining Access to Research Sites: A Practical and Theoretical Guide for Qualitative Researchers (with Martha Feldman and Michele Berger)....
Page Count: 256
Publication Year: 2013