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Virtues of the Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal

Volume One

Ibn al-Jawzi

Publication Year: 2013

Ahmad ibn Hanbal (d. 241 H/855 AD), renowned for his profound knowledge of hadith—the reports of the Prophet’s sayings and deeds—is a major figure in the history of Islam. Ibn Hanbal was famous for living according to his own strict interpretation of the Prophetic model and for denying himself even the most basic comforts in a city then one of the wealthiest in the word, and despite belonging to a prominent family. His piety and austerity made him a folk hero, especially after his principled resistance to the attempts of two Abbasid caliphs to force him to accept rationalist doctrine. His subsequent imprisonment and flogging became one of the most dramatic episodes of medieval Islamic history. Ibn Hanbal’s resistance influenced the course of Islamic law, the rise of Sunnism, and the legislative authority of the caliphate. tells the formidable life tale of one of the most influential Muslims in history.
 
Virtues of the Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal is a translation of the biography of Ibn Hanbal penned by the Baghdad preacher, scholar, and storyteller Ibn al-Jawzi (d. 597 H/1200 AD). Volume One presents the first half of the text, offering insights into Ibn Hanbal’s childhood, education, and adult life, including his religious doctrines, his dealings with other scholars, and his personal habits. Set against the background of fierce debates over the role of reason and the basis of legitimate government, Virtues of the Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal tells the formidable life tale of one of the most influential Muslims in history.

Published by: NYU Press

Cover

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p. C-C

Title Page, Letter From the Editor, Copyright

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pp. i-ii

Letter from the General Editor

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pp. iii-vi

Table of Contents

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pp. vii-x

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Introduction

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pp. xi-xx

Aḥmad ibn Ḥanbal, who died in the 241st year of the Muslim calendar, 855 according to the Christian one, is probably one of the most famous Muslims in history. Thanks to him, many came to believe that the only right religion was the one practiced at the time of the Prophet Muḥammad. To keep their community...

Note on the Text

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pp. xxi-xxiv

Notes to the Frontmatter

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pp. xxv-xxvi

VIRTUES OF THE IMAM AHMAD IBN HANBAL

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pp. 1-14

Chapter 1: Ibn Ḥanbal's Birth and Family Background

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pp. 15-19

Chapter 2: His Lineage

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pp. 19-28

Chapter 3: His Childhood

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pp. 29-33

Chapter 4: The Beginning of His Search for Knowledge and the Journey He Undertook for That Purpose

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pp. 33-53

Chapter 5: The Major Men of Learning Whom He Met and on Whose Authority He Recited Hadith

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pp. 53-88

Chapter 6: His Deference to His Teachers and His Respect for Learning

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pp. 89-91

Chapter 7: His Eagerness to Learn and His Single-Minded Pursuit of Knowledge

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pp. 91-93

Chapter 8: His Powers of Retention and the Number of Reports He Knew by Heart

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pp. 93-100

Chapter 9: His Learning, His Intelligence, and His Religious Understanding

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pp. 101-109

Chapter 10: Praise of Him by His Teachers

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pp. 109-145

Chapter 11: Teachers and Senior Men of Learning Who Cite Him

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pp. 145-161

Chapter 12: All the Men of Learning Who Cite Him

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pp. 161-189

Chapter 13: Praise of Him by His Peers, His Contemporaries, and Those Close to Him in Age

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pp. 189-252

Chapter 14: Praise of Him by Prominent Successors Who Knew Him Well

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pp. 253-261

Chapter 15: A Report That the Prophet Elijah Sent Him Greetings

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pp. 261-262

Chapter 16: Reports That al-Khadir Spoke in His Praise

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pp. 263-265

Chapter 17: Praise of Him by Pious Strangers and Allies of God

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pp. 265-267

Chapter 18: Allies of God Who Visited Him to Seek His Blessing

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pp. 267-274

Chapter 19: His Fame

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pp. 275-283

Chapter 20: His Creed

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pp. 283-327

Chapter 21: His Insistence on Maintaining the Practices of the Early Muslims

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pp. 327-334

Chapter 22: His Reverence for Hadith Transmitters and Adherents of the Sunnah

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pp. 335-339

Chapter 23: His Shunning and Reviling of Innovators and His Forbidding Others to Listen to Them

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pp. 339-347

Chapter 24: His Seeking of Blessings and Cures Using the Qur'an and Water from the Well of Zamzam, as Well as Some Hair and a Bowl That Belonged to the Prophet

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pp. 347-349

Chapter 25: His Age When He Began Teaching Hadith and Giving Legal Opinions

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pp. 349-352

Chapter 26: His Devotion to Learning and the Attitudes That Informed His Teaching

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pp. 353-355

Chapter 27: His Works

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pp. 355-357

Chapter 28: His Aversion to Writing Books Containing Opinions Reached through the Exercise of Independent Judgment at the Expense of Transmitted Knowledge

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pp. 357-360

Chapter 29: His Forbidding Others to Write Down or Transmit His Words

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pp. 361-363

Chapter 30: His Remarks on Sincerity, on Acting for the Sake of Appearances, and on Concealing One’s Pious Austerities

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pp. 363-365

Chapter 31: His Statements about Renunciation and Spiritual Weakness

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pp. 365-375

Chapter 32: His Remarks on Different Subjects

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pp. 375-382

Chapter 33: Poems He Recited or Had Attributed to Him

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pp. 383-386

Chapter 34: His Correspondence

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pp. 387-389

Chapter 35: His Appearance and Bearing

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pp. 389-395

Chapter 36: His Imposing Presence

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pp. 395-398

Chapter 37: His Cleanliness and Ritual Purity

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p. 399-399

Chapter 38: His Kindness and HisConsideration for Others

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pp. 399-415

Chapter 39: His Forbearance and His Readiness to Forgive

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pp. 415-419

Chapter 40: His Property and Means of Subsistence

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pp. 419-424

Chapter 41: His Refusal to Accept Help Even in Distress

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pp. 425-452

Chapter 42: His Generosity

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pp. 453-457

Chapter 43: His Accepting Gifts and Giving Gifts in Return

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pp. 457-460

Chapter 44: His Renunciation

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pp. 461-469

Chapter 45: His House and Furniture

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pp. 469-473

Chapter 46: His Diet

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pp. 473-477

Chapter 47: His Indulgences

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pp. 477-479

Chapter 48: His Clothing

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pp. 479-485

Chapter 49: His Scrupulosity

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pp. 485-507

Chapter 50: His Shunning Appointment to Positions of Authority

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pp. 507-511

Notes

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pp. 512-539

Glossary of Names and Terms

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pp. 540-547

Index

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pp. 548-559

About the NYU Abu Dhabi Institute

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p. 560-560

About the Typefaces

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p. 561-561

About the Editor–Translator

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p. 562-562


E-ISBN-13: 9780814745397
E-ISBN-10: 0814771661
Print-ISBN-13: 9780814771662
Print-ISBN-10: 0814771661

Page Count: 592
Publication Year: 2013

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Subject Headings

  • Islamic law -- Biography.
  • Ibn Ḥanbal, Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad, 780-855.
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