Breaking the Devil’s Pact
The Battle to Destroy the Mob’s Control over the Teamsters
Publication Year: 2011
Published by: NYU Press
Acronyms and Abbreviations
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I first heard of United States v. International Brotherhood of Teamsters in the summer of 1988. Marla Alhadeff, an assistant U.S. attorney in Manhattan, called to ask if I would serve as an expert witness in a civil RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) case...
U.S. v. IBT Timeline
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1. Introducing the Litigants and the Judge
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The filing of United States v. International Brotherhood of Teamsters (U.S. v. IBT ) in June 1988 pitted the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ), armed with the powerful RICO law and supported by skillful amici curiae lawyers, against the leadership of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters (IBT), the nation’s largest and strongest private-sector union...
2. The Civil RICO Complaint and Settlement
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On June 28, 1988, U.S. Attorney Rudolph Giuliani and Assistant U.S. Attorney (AUSA) Randy Mastro filed a 113-page civil RICO complaint, accompanied by a 105-page memorandum of law and a 72-page attorney’s...
3. IBT Resistance and Judge Edelstein’s Resolve: July 1989 – September 1992
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The settlement in U.S. v. IBT by no means guaranteed eradication of Cosa Nostra’s influence in the union. The union vigorously opposed the consent decree’s implementation. As Judge Edelstein observed, “soon after the signing of the consent decree, the IBT waged a zealous attack on the reforms contained in the consent decree...
4 Establishing New Disciplinary Machinery: July 1989 – September 1992
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Prior to U.S. v. IBT, the union’s locals, joint councils, and GEB rarely brought disciplinary charges against IBT officers. The disciplinary process was used largely to punish “dissidents”; even then, disciplinary decisions and sanctions were often unrecorded, unpredictable, and unknown to members beyond the respondent’s...
5. An Insurgent’s Triumph: The IBT’s 1991 Election
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In negotiating the consent decree, U.S. Attorney Giuliani and his staff accepted TDU’s and AUD’s prediction that, given free and fair elections, Teamsters would elect candidates who opposed corruption and racketeering. Therefore, the consent decree mandated election procedures that were more democratic than those of any other U.S. labor union...
6. General President Carey and the IRB: 1992 – 1997
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Ron Carey’s inauguration as IBT general president in February 1992 and the IRB’s assumption of disciplinary authority later that year seemed to augur well of greater cooperation between the IBT and the court-appointed officers. The IRB’s chief investigator (CI) would investigate union corruption and, when appropriate...
7. The 1996 Election Scandal
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Ron Carey could not be confident about reelection in 1996. He had won the 1991 election largely because the IBT establishment had split its support between R.V. Durham and Walter Shea. During his first term, Carey was frequently reminded that he could not count on the political support of a large majority of local and regional IBT officials...
8. The 1998 Rerun Election and the Emerging Dominance of James P. Hoffa
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On August 21, 1997, the same day EO Quindel nullified the 1996 election, she submitted a proposed rerun-election plan to Judge Edelstein. Candidates who had received 5 percent of the delegates’ votes at the 1996 convention would automatically be placed on the 1998 general-election ballot...
9. The 2001 Election, the Demise of Project RISE, and the IRB’s Third Term
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The consent decree authorized DOL to supervise the 2001 IBT election. However, in February 2000, the IBT and DOJ asked Judge Edelstein to approve an agreement calling for an “election administrator” to supervise the convention-delegate elections, candidate nominations...
10. The 2006 Election, the IRB’s Fourth Term, and the Lead-Up to the 2011 Election
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As the IBT’s 2006 election wound into gear, a nominating convention, followed by a nationwide rank-and-file election, no longer seemed like an experiment. The court, EO, and EAM had succeeded in routinizing free and fair international-officer elections...
11. Lessons, Reflections, and Speculations
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U.S. v. IBT, a government lawsuit that charged the nation’s largest and most powerful private-sector union with being racketeer ridden, has to be placed in political context. This lawsuit would be impossible in most countries, especially where there is a “Labor” political party...
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Many people, some of them participants in the events examined in this book, have generously assisted us in establishing an accurate historical record of this most remarkable litigation. The book could not have been written without their cooperation...
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About the Authors
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Page Count: 320
Publication Year: 2011