1492 and the Making of Sephardic Jewry
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: NYU Press
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Title Page, Copyright Page
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This book could not have been completed without the efforts of a great many people. Since coming to Georgetown University in 2006, I have benefited from the support of many sectors of the university. These include several generous grants from the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, the vital...
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Of the many calamities to befall the Jewish people during their arduous passage from the medieval to the modern world, none was more sharply felt or more widely chronicled by its contemporaries than the Expulsion of the Jews from Spain in 1492. The last in a long line of similar expulsions in medieval...
1. Medieval Inheritance
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The anno mirabilis of 1492 stands as one of the clearest and most decisive limits between historical epochs. In the span of six months, from January to August of that year, a series of events took place that altered the course of Iberian history and ushered in a new era for the culture of Spain and the rest...
2. The Long Road into Exile
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The passage of Iberian Jewry from West to East was neither immediate nor direct. Whereas some of the refugees of 1492 were able to find safe haven in the eastern Mediterranean, the vast majority spent the rest of their lives amid a succession of tribulations in Portugal, North Africa, and Italy. Many years...
3. An Age of Perpetual Migration
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One of the defining characteristics of Jewish history in the sixteenth century was that the great expulsions of the 1490s did not lead to a neat transfer of Jewish settlement from West to East. Rather, the Jewish exodus from Spain gave way to a long and decidedly unsettled period of nearly continuous...
4. Community and Control in the Sephardic Diaspora
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For those Jews who survived the first calamitous years after 1492, the question soon arose as to how they would organize themselves in exile. The general instability of Jewish life during much of the sixteenth century played a crucial role in this process. As with the migration of Iberian...
5. Families, Networks, and the Challenge of Social Organization
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The independent congregation-community was not the only way in which Mediterranean Jews organized themselves during this period. As the refugees of 1492 set about reestablishing these local political associations, they also began to form broader interregional links with one another. These horizontal...
6. Rabbinic and Popular Judaism in the Sixteenth-Century Mediterranean
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Political and social organization were not the only areas of Jewish society in which the realities of daily life fell short of the ideals set forth by Jewish tradition. The performance of religious obligations and customs also became an arena in which the contours of the Sephardic Diaspora were asserted...
7. Imagining Sepharad
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The Expulsion of the Jews from Spain and the subsequent migration of Conversos from Portugal also mark the beginning of a long process of cultural self-fashioning in which the descendants of the Spanish exile would, over the course of the sixteenth century, create a transnational Hispano-Jewish, or “Sephardic...
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The Expulsion of 1492 was the culmination of a long series of large-scale expulsions that drove the Jews out of Latin Christendom. After decades of continued expulsion and migration, the majority of Iberian Jews ultimately came to settle in Muslim lands, where they continued their legacy of economic...
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About the Author
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Page Count: 224
Publication Year: 2013