Slavery before Race
Europeans, Africans, and Indians at Long Island's Sylvester Manor Plantation, 1651-1884
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: NYU Press
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Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
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List of Figures and Table
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Since I started with this project, as part of the UMass Boston team in 1997, I have been amazingly fortunate to participate within a number of different intellectual communities—all of them encouraging, sup-porting, and critiquing my thinking and writing on Sylvester Manor. The first and most constant of these people have been those of the Fiske ...
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These days, as in the past, anyone who wishes to visit Shelter Island must travel by water, for there are no bridges spanning the passage. Sturdy ferries, carrying fifteen or so cars on a trip, make the crossing at the north and south ends of the island. Boat travel to me feels like a sidestep into...
1. Tracing a Racialized History
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When Nathaniel Sylvester and his young bride Grissell came to reside on Shelter Island sometime around 1652 or 1653, they might have spoken between themselves about how they had landed in a lonely place, feeling that the two of them had only one another in this unfamiliar land...
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Contrary to popular historical depictions, Europeans did not arrive to a find terra nullius in the New World; likewise, history did not begin with their arrival. To understand the relationships and interactions of European colonists and Native Americans in southern New England and coastal New York, we must first look to Native histories prior to Euro-...
3. Building and Destroying
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Landscapes are not neutral spaces. They are the places of ongoing actions of humans on the environment and the environment on humans, a relationship so constant in its performance that it occurs at a level of bodily habituation. Landscape can include both built structures and natural features, each structuring our experience in such a way that we come to ...
4. Objects of Interaction
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Landscape might be the literal grounds for interaction, but very often the material world on a smaller scale—objects portable, intimate, handled, crafted, passed from hand to hand—provides the rationale and locus for people to come together. In chapter 3 I imagined seeing the early plantation core setting, arriving from the water, viewing the house, walk-...
5. Forgetting to Remember, Remembering to Forget
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The physical face of the plantation and its complex human geography were nowhere to be seen by the end of the eighteenth century. A new landscape, a succession of generations with new political concerns, and the dispersion of the descendants of the indigenous and the enslaved undercut the durable materiality and means of transmitting social...
6. Unimagining Communities
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Artifacts, unseen archives, and anecdotal histories thus act to introduce doubt, to disrupt the grand narratives of race. They await our willingness to see them and our ability to recognize them as ruptures. If we give attention to the haunting figures and conspicuous historical silences and juxtapose those silences with the reconstructed archaeological facts and ...
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The Manor today is undergoing yet another radical transformation. Since Alice Fiske passed away, the descendant family has chosen not to keep the estate solely as private property. Recognizing the great historical value of the place—in all of its iterations—they have moved toward more public preservation and maintenance, in part by returning to some ...
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About the Author, Early American Places
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Katherine Howlett Hayes is a faculty member in anthropology and affil-iate faculty in American Indian Studies at the University of Minnesota. She holds a Ph.D. in anthropology from the University of California, Berkeley, and an M.A. in historical archaeology from the University of Empire at the Periphery: British Colonists, Anglo-Dutch Trade, and the ...
Page Count: 240
Publication Year: 2013