Justice for Kids
Keeping Kids Out of the Juvenile Justice System
Publication Year: 2011
Published by: NYU Press
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This project has been a labor of love and passion by people who care deeply about the juvenile justice system, and even more deeply about children. It is part of the Juvenile Justice Project of the Center on Children and Families at the University of Florida Levin College of Law. The project began with critical...
Introduction: Justice for Kids
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Justice for kids, in the broad sense of meeting their needs, providing them with opportunities to grow, and supporting their families and communities, is rarely achieved by pushing them into the juvenile justice system. It is the contention of this book’s contributors that America’s juvenile justice system doesn’t...
Part I: System Change
1. Redefining the Footprint of Juvenile Justice in America
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Over the past twenty years, we have experienced significant changes in the philosophical underpinnings of the juvenile justice system. Laurie Garduque, of the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, argues that this shift represents the beginning of a fourth wave of juvenile justice policy...
2. Delinquency and Daycare
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As the nation faces policy challenges over juvenile delinquency and subsequent crime, one all-but-forgotten option remains as promising as ever despite its virtual absence in recent national discussions and debates: a comprehensive daycare and after-school-care policy (Platt 2009; Tanenhaus 2004). For...
3. Challenging the Overuse of Foster Care and Disrupting the Path to Delinquency and Prison
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Foster care is supposed to be a temporary safe haven for abused and neglected children, a place where they are cared for while their parents solve the problems that led to their mistreatment. For many children, foster care undoubtedly serves this function well. However, thousands of children live in foster...
4. Preventing Incarceration through Special Education and Mental Health Collaboration for Students with Emotional and Behavioral Disorders
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Unfortunately the case of J.D.S. is not unique. Relying on the corrections system to serve as a de facto mental health system in place of more appropriate school– and community-based services is common (Grisso 2008). The U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Government Reform (2004) reported that...
5. Looking for Air: Excavating Destructive Educational and Racial Policies to Build Successful School Communities
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Americans invest public schools with their most fearsome anxieties and deepest longings for a better life. Our current theories of schooling reflect this great anxiety (Ravitch 2010). The 1960s and 1970s saw a focus on those whose educational opportunities had been denied or diminished by discriminatory...
Part II: Race, Gender, and Sexual Orientation
6. The Black Nationalist Cure to Disproportionate Minority Contact
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“It takes a village to raise a child.” On this we can all agree. But what happens to the children when a village has been destroyed? Or harmed? If it takes a village to raise a child, then children cannot be raised properly when there is no village to take care of them. Less drastically, if it is fair to suppose that a well-functioning...
7. Girl Matters: Unfinished Work
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Girls are victims of gender disparities that are pervasive throughout the juvenile justice system. Far too often girls are misunderstood, mislabeled, and inappropriately forced into a juvenile justice system unprepared to address their gender-specific needs. There is an urgent need to critically review the policies...
8. Supporting Queer Youth
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Queer youth1 cross all racial, ethnic, gender, religious, and class backgrounds. They are children forced from a very young age to cope with environments where victimization and harassment are normative (Ryan 2003). Their sexuality and gender identity often mark them as alien to their families and to society...
Part III: Legal Socialization and Policing
9. Deterring Serious and Chronic Offenders: Research Findings and Policy Thoughts from the Pathways to Desistance Study
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Deterrence, as traditionally hypothesized, is based upon the logic that criminal sanctions that are certain, severe, and swift will work to increase perceived sanction risk and cost, and in turn reduce criminal activity (Beccaria 1764; Zimring and Hawkins 1973; Andenaes 1974). Offenders’ perceptions of certainty...
10. “I Want to Talk to My Mom”: The Role of Parents in Police Interrogation of Juveniles
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Throughout childhood, a parent is the most important person in a child’s life. A parent is tasked with teaching, disciplining, nurturing, and protecting her minor child. In essence, a parent is expected to mold the child into a civic-minded adult. When a child first encounters the juvenile justice system and is being...
Part IV: Model Programs
11. Moving beyond Exclusion: Integrating Restorative Practices and Impacting School Culture in Denver Public Schools
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The practice of restorative justice within schools has emerged as an alternative model to traditional punitive and adversarial processes (Cox 1995; Cameron and Thorsborne 2001). Educators, policy makers, practitioners, and academics have identified restorative justice as both a theoretical and a practical framework...
12. The Line of Prevention
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The Brotherhood/Sister Sol is a rites of passage–based youth development program that serves children, mostly from the neighborhood of Harlem, in New York City. We offer long-term, comprehensive, and holistic services, surrounding our members with education and developmental programming. We provide...
13. What It Takes to Transform a School inside a Juvenile Justice Facility: The Story of the Maya Angelou Academy
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“Do you want to apply to run the school inside Oak Hill?” The question came from Vincent Schiraldi, the new head of Washington, D.C.’s juvenile justice agency, in November 2006. He wasn’t making any promises— there would be a formal Request for Proposals before any decisions were made—but he wanted...
About the Contributors
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Page Count: 336
Publication Year: 2011