Shutting Down the Streets
Political Violence and Social Control in the Global Era
Publication Year: 2011
Published by: NYU Press
Cover, Title Page, Copyright, Epigraph
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1 What Is Going On?
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We began writing this book as a wall was built in East Germany. Two and a half meters high, it was composed of metal fencing with concrete foundations and was designed to cradle a curlicue of razor and barbed wire. Each bolt and hinge of the wall was soldered in place. It looked like a fence around a prison or a military base, and, indeed, it sported motion detectors and video cameras. But this fence wound its twelve...
2 The Geography of Global Governance: Spatial Dynamics of Controlling Dissent
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In 1975, few people took notice when the G8 (at the time it was only the G6) first met to promote economic stability and expansion in member countries. Even fewer people saw the meeting as problematic or worthy of protest. Global summit meetings went virtually unnoticed for several years, until movements in the Global South (especially in Latin America) confronted the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank.1 In the...
3 Toward a Political Economy of the Social Control of Dissent
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Over the past thirty years, an industry has developed around securing global ministerial and summit meetings, such as the G8, G20, World Trade Organization (WTO), International Monetary Fund (IMF), and World Economic Forum (WEF) sessions. As the meetings became increasingly contentious through the 1980s and 1990s, the responsibility for “securing” the summits became more important for the states...
4 Policing Alterglobalization Dissent
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In this chapter and the next, we work to expand the conceptualization of protest policing. We begin with a brief review of the literature. In the remainder of this chapter, we present a thorough inventory of policing, including and beyond the streetscape. In the following chapter, we move to an empirically grounded analysis of the effects of these police tactics, presenting a series of theoretical interventions that grasp the significance of police actions...
5 A Taxonomy of Political Violence
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How is it possible to assess the relative impact on dissent of the bodies stopped by water cannons in proximity to the fence and those stopped in their own kitchens by publicity about the funding and building and guarding of the fence? In this chapter, we present an analysis refined through ten years of direct experience, observation, theorization, and praxis undertaken alone, with fellow activists, and together as a research team. After refining...
6 Antirepression: Resisting the Social Control of Dissent
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San Francisco police have repeatedly frustrated protesters by using spatial control tactics, including holding pens, and mass arrests. Preparing another antiwar protest in 2008, rather than announcing a single location or march route, protest organizers released a large list of potential targets for protest. Dissenters subscribed to a Twitter.com feed to receive text messages identifying targets and gathering times, some...
7 Democracy Out of Order
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This is a book we wish we did not have to write. You might prefer not to have read it. At stake in our subject is democracy itself. For those who see the liberal democratic state as a medium of peaceful and progressive social change, that promise is in deep trouble. To protect democracy, we must confine it because too much democracy is dangerous. Thus, we witness the reduction of democratic liberties in the name of the preservation...
Appendix A: Summits Directly Observed by Authors
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Appendix B: Of Stones and Flowers: John Holloway and Vittorio Sergi on Protest Tactics
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Appendix C: Suggestions for Future Research
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About the Authors
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Page Count: 224
Publication Year: 2011