History of the Finns in Michigan
Publication Year: 2001
Published by: Wayne State University Press
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Title Page, Copyright
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Americans began to explore their immigrant past. The immigrant gen-eration was fast disappearing along with its organizations and news-individuals had the resources or the time to preserve systematically evi-dence of the Finnish experience. Because the present demanded muchfrom them in coping with the vicissitudes of living in a new land, it left...
1 The Origin of the Finns
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...druggist and, in her own right, a well-known travel agent, has describedthe situation with regard to Finns during her early school days in Calu-met, Michigan, in the 1890s. Most of the children in Helmi's gradewere Finnish—flaxen-haired and blue-eyed. But according to Americantextbooks, the Finns were Mongolians. The teacher who, though kind,...
2 Early Emigration from Finland
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...1890 and 1930, that period of emigration was not the only such periodin the long history of the country. According to many historians, Finnshad moved to Sweden already in the early Christian centuries, and theymay well have been the first to settle in some parts of that country.When, at the beginning of the thirteenth century, Finnish history and...
3 More Recent Emigration from Finland
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...ings up to the beginning of the twentieth century, it was, almost with-out exception, treated as a phenomenon that was not a credit to thecountry, nor to the tribe of Vaino. "Child of Finland, do not trade awayyour land so fair and sweet," was the sometimes soft-voiced, sometimeslouder plea to youth in these writings. But when, in the second half of...
4 The First Finn in Michigan
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...of some archive or other, the story of the life and activities of Finns inMichigan must begin with the picture Fredrika Bremer gives of the fewthe Bremer family. They distinguished themselves in mining or as au-thors and journalists. The one instrumental in bringing the greatestfame to the family was Fredrika Bremer, who was born on the Tuorla...
5 The Copper Country
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...definite starting date. A sailor here and a sailor there left his ship andsettled in Boston, Brooklyn, Pensacola, or some other seaport. TheCalifornia Gold Rush, which began in the spring of 1848, attracted alarge number of seamen when they chanced to stop at San Francisco orwhen Finnish ships were in danger of being captured by the British...
6 Gogebic County
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Peninsula, bounded on the east by Ontonagon and Iron counties. Orig-inally it was a part of Ontonagon County. However, because roads tothe county seat at the mouth of the Ontonagon River were sometimesimpassable, especially in the winter months, the question of setting upthe western part of the area as a separate county was put to a vote on...
7 Marquette, Dickinson, and Iron Counties
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...into six counties—Marquette, Delta, Chippewa, Mackinac, Schoolcraft,and Ontonagon—parts of the present Iron and Dickinson counties be-longed to Marquette County. Iron County was organized in 1885 andDickinson in 1891, and Marquette County shrank to its present size.After the Copper Country, Marquette County is the oldest and most...
8 The Eastern Counties of the Upper Peninsula
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...of the Upper Peninsula as large as those in its central and western parts.The Finnish communities are scattered over wide areas and are at greatwhich thrusts itself like a wedge between Wisconsin and Green Bay,borders on Lake Michigan and Green Bay, has several important riversthat empty into the northern extensions of Green Bay called Little Bay...
9 Lower Michigan
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...than that of the Upper Peninsula. But the ratio of Finns to non-Finnsin these two areas was just the reverse for a long time. However, at theheight of the lumbering activity of the 1870s and 1880s there werethey went to the lumber camps and the copper and iron mines of theUpper Peninsula as well as to northern Minnesota. Some of the Finns...
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...with its congregations. In the Delaware colony every subject of thekingdom of Sweden was a member of the state church and belonged tothe local congregation. Broadly speaking, this was also true in Alaska,where the Finnish governors working for Russia invited and attractedother Finns, making the colony largely Finnish Lutheran in church af-...
11 The Rise and Decline of the Temperance Movement&
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...brewed beer of the Kalevainens." Just as the Greek and Roman poetspraised wine and the beauty of vineyards, so did the Finns of early timespraise ale and the cultivation of barley and hops. In pagan Finnishhomes, verses on the origin of ale were recited, and magic incantationson brewing it were chanted before the housewife began to make the...
12 The Rise and Decline of the Labor Movement
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...opment of Finland, the economic and political movements of Centraland Western Europe arrived there considerably later than elsewhere.were already revolutionizing social conditions in England and in manyother European countries, life in Finland was still characterized byquiet, unhurried home industry. But eventually industrialism reached...
13 The Knights and Ladies of Kaleva
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...among the Finnish Americans has been the activity of the Knights andLadies of Kaleva. The founder of the Kaleva society was John Stone,there. He came to America in 1887 and settled in the small sawmilltown of Tower, Minnesota, with his young wife, Sofia, whose maidenname was Kraftenberg. From Tower he moved to Belt, Montana, where...
14 The Cooperative Movement
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...vantages and achieving security is probably as old as mankind itself.Even present-day cooperatives have roots reaching back hundreds ofyears. Literature about Swedish and French cooperatives tells of veryearly cooperative dairies and cheese factories in the Alps region. Ger-man historians write about the economic group projects of the ancient...
15 Cultural and Educational Achievements
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...tives, labor organizations, and the Kaleva organization with their exten-sive publishing activity fostered the development of important culturalvalues. Because these groups and their activities have already been dis-cussed, this chapter will deal with miscellaneous cultural and educa-tional forces that have had no direct connection with any special group...
16 The Swedish Finns in Michigan
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...cause of the historical development of the nation, it is a bilingual coun-try. The great majority of the people speak Finnish; a small minorityspeak Swedish. Serving as a sort of link between these two languagearea, there were also some Swedish Finns. The Swedish-language pas-senger lists of the ships that brought the early immigrants to America...
17 Finland and the Finns of Michigan
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...tor of the newspaper Toveri in Astoria, wrote in her travelogue howRagnar Olander, secretary to the managing editor of the Hufvudstadst-bladet, the leading Swedish-language newspaper in Finland, surprisedhis Finnish audience in Astoria with the purity of his Finnish and withhis democratic behavior: "A Swedish gentleman—and he didn't let any-...
18 From What Parishes Did They Come?
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...sible to give an absolutely reliable report on from where in Finlandthe Finnish people have come. Sources for such information are eitherlacking or inaccurate. Church records are usually the most dependablesources, but some churches kept no records. Where there are records,inaccuracies have come about in various ways: for example, a pastor...
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Page Count: 544
Publication Year: 2001
Series Title: Great Lakes Books Series