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The Waning of Emancipation

Jewish History, Memory, and the Rise of Fascism in Germany, France, and Hungary

Guy Miron

Publication Year: 2011

Explores the role of public memory and images of the past in the Jewish communities of Germany, France, and Hungary as they faced changing political and social conditions.

Published by: Wayne State University Press

Title Page, Copyright

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Acknowledgments

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pp. vii-x

My work on this book began in the academic year 2000–2001 with the generous support of the Warburg Post-Doctorate Fellowship at the Mandel Institute of Jewish Studies in the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. During this year I initiated a systematic search...

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Introduction

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pp. 1-18

My work on this book began in the academic year 2000–2001 with the generous support of the Warburg Post-Doctorate Fellowship at the Mandel Institute of Jewish Studies in the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. During this year I initiated a systematic search...

Part 1. Germany: 1929–38

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1. In Search of the Meaning of the Misfortune

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pp. 21-53

During the Weimar Republic in the 1920s and early 1930s, German Jews found themselves in a very confusing situation. By 1919 Germany had become a democratic republic. On the one hand, it seemed that the new regime had fulfilled, for the first time, its promise of complete emancipation. Many of the institutional frameworks...

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2. The Creation of a Usable Past

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pp. 54-80

The turn toward Jewish history in the first years of the Nazi regime was reflected not just in the programmatic writings of rabbis and public spokespeople such as Joachim Prinz, Bruno Weil, Fritz Friedländer, and Simon Schwab....

Part 2. France: 1932–40

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3. Facing the Crisis at Home and Abroad

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pp. 83-118

In the period between World War I and World War II, French Jewry was divided into two main groups: native French Jews and the east European immigrants. Each of these groups, neither of which was monolithic within itself, maintained its own organizational frameworks and political culture. Their spokespeople reported and interpreted the daily developments...

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4. From the Anschluss to the Anniversary of the Revolution

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pp. 119-152

The Anschluss of Austria by the Nazi regime in March 1938 was a crucial turning point that not only was felt in the international arena and contributed to the escalation toward war but also affected the internal politics of France. On March 10, 1938, on the eve of the German invasion of Austria, French prime minister Camille Chautemps submitted...

Part 3. Hungary: 1933–44

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5. Facing the Decline of Emancipation: Hungarian Jews in the 1930s

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pp. 155-184

In the second half of the nineteenth century, primarily from 1867 when Hungary granted its Jews full emancipation, a major Jewish movement emerged that was profoundly committed to the ethos of integration and emancipation. First and foremost within this camp were the Neolog (liberal) communities, headed by the community of Pest...

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6. In the Shadow of the Holocaust

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pp. 185-218

In the short term, the outbreak of World War II had little influence on the life and status of Hungarian Jews. This was because the country—despite its diplomatic treaty with Germany—was not really involved in the war. In the last months of 1939 and the first months of 1940, Hungarian Jews were thus coping primarily...

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Conclusion

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pp. 219-232

The decline of liberalism, the rise of Fascism and Nazism, and most of all the growing anti-Semitic threat drove European Jewish leaders and public activists to develop an intensive and complicated historical discourse. In many respects this passionate preoccupation with the past served to preserve ideas and tendencies that had characterized...

Notes

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pp. 233-282

Bibliography

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pp. 283-298

Subject Index

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pp. 299-304

Name Index

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pp. 305-308


E-ISBN-13: 9780814337080
Print-ISBN-13: 9780814334706

Page Count: 352
Publication Year: 2011

Edition: 1
Volume Title: N/a

Research Areas

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Subject Headings

  • Jews -- Germany -- History -- 1800-1933.
  • Jews -- France -- History -- 20th century.
  • Jews -- Hungary -- History -- 20th century.
  • Jews -- Germany -- Identity -- History -- 20th century.
  • Hungary -- Ethnic relations.
  • Jews -- France -- Identity -- History -- 20th century.
  • Jews -- Hungary -- Identity -- History -- 20th century.
  • Germany -- Ethnic relations.
  • France -- Ethnic relations.
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