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The Community of St. Cuthbert in the Late Tenth Century

The Chester-le-Street Additions to Durham Cathedral Library A.IV.19

Karen Louise Jolly

Publication Year: 2012

The Community of St. Cuthbert in the Late Tenth Century: The Chester-le-Street Additions to Durham Cathedral Library A.IV.19 reveals the dynamic role a seemingly marginalized community played during a defining period for the emergence of English religious identity. Based on her new critical edition of additions made to Durham Cathedral Library A.IV.19 and by questioning the purpose of those late tenth-century additions, Karen Louise Jolly is able to uncover much about the Chester-le-Street scribes and their tumultuous time, rife as it was with various political tensions, from Vikings and local Northumbrian nobles to an increasingly dominant West Saxon monarchy. Why, for instance, would a priest laboriously insert an Old English gloss above every Latin word in a collection of prayers intended to be performed in Latin? What motivated the same English scribe to include Irish-derived Christian materials in the manuscript, including prayers invoking the archangel Panchiel to clear birds from a field? Jolly’s extensive contextual analysis includes a biography of Aldred, the priest and provost of the community primarily responsible for adding these unusual texts. Besides reinterpreting the manuscript's paleography and codicology, she investigates both the drive for reform evidenced by the added liturgical materials and the new importance of Irish-derived encyclopedic and educational materials.

Published by: The Ohio State University Press

Cover

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p. 1-1

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. 2-5

CONTENTS

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pp. v-vii

ABBREVIATIONS

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pp. ix-xi

ILLUSTRATIONS

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pp. xiii-xiv

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PREFACE AND ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

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pp. xv-xxvi

This book examines the daily life and thought world of a tenth-century Northumbrian religious community through the lens of a surviving service book manuscript, Durham Cathedral Library A.IV.. is artifact, belying its ragged appearance and hybrid materials, is prime evidence of a lively and...

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1. HISTORY: The Temporal and Geographic Landscape in Northumbria

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pp. 1-36

In  970 A.D. a Northumbrian priest named Aldred the Provost wrote down four prayers in honor of Cuthbert, the patron saint of his religious community at Chester-le-Street, formerly of Lindisfarne. He copied these collects on a manuscript page that is...

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2. BIOGRAPHY: Aldred and His World

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pp. 37-70

We know about Aldred because of what he told us about himself, either directly or indirectly from his scribal activities. the fact that we know his name and something of his position is in itself unusual, since so many of the clergy...

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3. PALEOGRAPHY AND CODICOLOGY: The Chester-le-Street Scriptorium [Includes Image Plates]

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pp. 71-109

Animal skin parchment, a writing surface, some ink, a quill, and a knife were the necessary tools at hand to write a text in early medieval Europe, but the craftsmanship needed to use these and other materials in the production of a manuscript were the...

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4. LITURGY: The Community of St. Cuthbert at Prayer

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pp. 110-150

The first thing one notices upon opening Durham Cathedral Library A.IV. or its facsimile is its well-worn character. is was a manuscript used, and in some people’s view, abused, over several generations. Its original vellum pages were ordinary and...

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5. SCHOLARSHIP AND EDUCATION: The Textual Community at Chester-le-Street

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pp. 151-199

Both writing and reading are performances invisible to medieval historians but nonetheless implicit in the material artifact of the manuscript. While it proved hard to reconstruct the writing process in a composite manuscript like Durham A.IV., as...

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6. CONCLUSION: Religious Formation and the Vocabulary of Prayer

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pp. 200-216

Life at Chester-le-Street in the second half of the tenth century cannot be reconstructed from a single manuscript witness, even in conjunction with other artifacts and records or by analogy with better known communities. Nonetheless, Durham A.IV....

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THE TEXTS. Additions to Durham Cathedral Library A.IV.19

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pp. 217-219

This edition contains the texts added to Durham A.IV. at Chester-le- Street by Aldred and Scribes B-F, as well as Scribes M–3 at Durham. Materials from the original collectar, already edited by Alicia Corrêa,1 are not included except for a few items given for comparison. The collation...

DURHAM CATHEDRAL LIBRARY A.IV.19 COLLATION DIAGRAMS

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pp. 220-230

QUIRE VIII. Additions at the end of the original collectar

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pp. 231-245

QUIRES IX-X BOOKLET FOL. 76

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pp. 246-279

QUIRE XI BOOKLET

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pp. 280-359

BIBLIOGRAPHY

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pp. 361-394

INDEX OF TEXTS

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pp. 395-396

INDEX VERBORUM

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pp. 397-401

GENERAL INDEX

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pp. 402-410


E-ISBN-13: 9780814270554
E-ISBN-10: 0814270557
Print-ISBN-13: 9780814211816
Print-ISBN-10: 081421181X

Page Count: 536
Illustrations: 22 halftones, 12 line art, 6 maps, 4 tables
Publication Year: 2012

Series Title: Text and Context
Series Editor Byline: Frank Coulson