Marriage and the African Woman in Eighteenth-Century British Literature, 1759-1808
Publication Year: 2012
Published by: The Ohio State University Press
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Title Page, Copyright
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C O N T E N T S
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Imoinda’s Original Shades: African Women in British Antislavery LiteratureChapter 1 Altering Oroonoko and Imoinda in Mid-Eighteenth-Century Chapter 2 Amelioration, African Women, and T_he Soft, Strategic Voice of Chapter 3 “Between the saints and the rebels”: Imoinda and the Imoinda’s Shade Extends: Abolition and Interracial Marriage in England...
I L L U S T R A T I O N S
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Figure 1 Title page, Oroonoko, 1759, John Hawkesworth (1715–73) 42Figure 2 Title page, Oroonoko, 1760, Francis Gentleman (1728–84) 43Figure 4 Mrs. S. Kemble as Imoinda, 1791. Elizabeth Kemble (1763?-1841) 48Figure 6 Mrs. Hartley in the character of Imoinda, 1777. Elizabeth Hartley Figure 7 Miss Smith as Imoinda, 1806. Sarah Smith (1783–1850) 51...
A C K N O W L E D G M E N T S
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Mere thanks hardly seem adequate for all the help and support that I have received while bringing this book to completion. But I extend them sincerely and heartily to the mentors, colleagues, friends, family and students without T_his project began under the tutelage of Claudia L. Johnson and Jona-than Lamb and was helped along with the good will and support of my for-...
Imoinda, Marriage, Slavery
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IN 1707, the year that the Act of Union between Scotland and England of_f_icially established the United Kingdom of Great Britain, two extremely contradictory illustrations of the literary heroine Imoinda appear in genres that are, themselves, extreme exercises in the art of contradiction. In the f_irst, a paradox titled “T_hat a Black-a-moor Woman is the greatest Beauty; in a Let-ter to a Lady exceeding Fair,” a male speaker, clearly inf_luenced by the black ...
P A R T O N EImoinda’s Original Shades
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Allow me, therefore, to contribute a few hints, against this evening; having heard, but yesterday, that you are then to appear, the first time, in the char-acter of Imoinda. . . . I come to your manner of looking; which, in the usual sense of the word, it is not possible for you to improve, beyond its present perfection. But, I mean not the face, but the passions which should appear in ...
Altering Oroonoko andImoinda in Mid-Eighteenth-CenturyBritish Drama
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THIS CURIOUS EXCHANGE between William, a white European abolition-ist, and Ada, a black African slave, appears in the English translation of August von Kotzebue’s unproduced three-act drama, T_he Negro Slaves (1796). Its peculiarity lies in the unusual way William acknowledges that Ada is “not European.” Although his initial question (“Have you leftuni00A0.uni00A0.uni00A0.uni00A0”) clearly reveals his knowledge of Ada’s African roots, his subsequent statement ...
Amelioration, African Women, andthe Soft, Strategic Voice ofPaternal Tyranny in The Grateful Negro
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...—“Possum up a Gum Tree,” sung by Tuckey in Obi; or, Three Finger’d Jackson is substituted for the husband of Lucy instead of Juba; many people having been scandalized at the idea of a black man marrying a white woman. My father says that gentlemen have horrors upon this subject, and would draw conclusions very unfavorable to a female writer who appeared to recom-...
“Between the saints and the rebels
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Heroick Imoinda; who, grown big as she was . . . having a Bow, and a Quiver full of poyson’d Arrows, which she manag’d with such dexterity, that she wounded several, and shot the Governor into the Shoulder; of which Wound APHRA BEHN must have been well aware that she was establishing a rather unusual prototype for the ideal African heroine when she created “Heroick Imoinda.” In particular, the startling description of this “big” black ...
A R T T W O
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.... . . [S]he is a negro-driver’s frow, fresh from Demarara; she had married Mon-sieur Heureux, but he dying, and leaving her very rich, she married the person with her, John Dulman, Esquire, as he now styles himself, who wanted dame Heureux’s money, in order to pay debts he had incurred to a very expensive mistress, and to be able to indulge her extravagance. John Dulman and his ...
Creoles, Closure, andCubba’s Comedy of Pain
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Hawkesworth’s new adaptation of T_homas Southerne’s popular old play Oroonoko, and in the process, transformed the contemporary landscape of British theater. As I explain in Chapter One, this updated Oroonoko excised all of the comic elements from Southerne’s original, and in their stead, Hawkesworth presented the play as a pure tragedy centered on the epony-...
“‘What!’ cried the delighted mulatto,‘are we going to prosecu massa?’”
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THE BLACK SHADE of a mulatto woman’s complexion makes a dramatic entrance midway through Adeline Mowbray (1805),1 Amelia Opie’s third long-prose f_iction. At this point in the tale, Opie’s eponymous heroine has become a pariah in English society for steadfastly refusing to marry her domestic partner, Frederic Glenmurray. She believes that a “pure and hon-ourable union” (I, 77) will naturally form between them without the need ...
“An unportioned girl of my complexioncan . . . be a dangerous object.”
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Lord Ogleby: You are right, Brush.—There is no washing the Blackamoor “I rejoice to hear it. We’ll make her blush for herself. Her fine olive complex-But after all, since there will be some womaniz’d Fools of our own Sex, that can’t be kept from running mad for the outside of a Skin, and doating on a fine Complexion, I shall prove this Paradox to mortify their Pride and yours, ...
A F T E R W O R D
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Well! I am really haunted by black shadows . . . a black Lady, covered with —Hester Thrale, “Letter to Mrs. Pennington,” No. 5 George St., Man-chester Square, Saturday, June 19, 1808, The Letters of Mrs. Thrale The story of Imoinda as a story of a strong woman who went through immense tragedy through her life . . . really resonated with many of our ...
B I B L I O G R A P H Y
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Amory, T_homas. T_he Life of John Buncle, Esq; containing Various Observations and Ref_lec-tions, made in Several Parts of the World, and Many Extraordinary Relations. London: J. Anonymous. T_he Adventures of Jonathan Corncob, loyal American refugee, written by himself. ———. Athenian Sport: or, Two T_housand Paradoxes Merrily Argued, To Amuse and Divert the Age:uni00A0.uni00A0.uni00A0.uni00A0By a Member of the Athenian Society. London: B. Bragg, 1707....
I N D E X
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Page Count: 320
Illustrations: 19 photos
Publication Year: 2012