Scribal Authorship and the Writing of History in Medieval England
Publication Year: 2012
Published by: The Ohio State University Press
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Title Page, Copyright
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A bb r e v iatio n s
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EETS Early English Text Society (OS, Original Series, ES, Extra Series, SS LALME A Linguistic Atlas of Late Medieval English, ed. Angus McIntosh, M. L. Samuels, and M. Benskin with the assistance of M. Laing and K. Wil-MED Middle English Dictionary, ed. H. Kurath, S. M. Kuhn, and R. E. Lewis New IMEV A New Index of Middle English Verse, ed. Julia Boffey and A. S. G. ...
I llust r atio n s
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Figure 1. London, British Library, MS Arundel 74, f. 2v (detail) 3Figure 2. Cambridge, Magdalene College, MS Pepys 2125, f. 125v 49Figure 4. Cambridge, Magdalene College, MS Pepys 2125, f. 60v 54Figure 5. London, British Library, MS Additional 19677, f. 94v 138Figure 6. London, British Library, MS Royal 12.c.xii, f. 53r 143...
A c k n owle d gme n ts
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It is a profound pleasure to work closely with medieval manuscripts, and thus it is a pleasure to acknowledge the institutions that have made that work possible. I wish to thank the staff at All Souls College, Oxford; Bal-liol College, Oxford; Bodleian Library, Oxford; The British Library; Cam-bridge University Library; College of Arms; Durham Cathedral Library; Durham University Library; Glasgow University Library; Gloucester Cathe-dral Library; The Huntington Library; Inner Temple Library; Lambeth Pal-...
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To write is to create something, to invent something, to bring mean-ing into being through words in a way that did not exist before. Yet writing is also mechanical—the physical act of putting pencil or pen to paper, tracing letters so impossibly familiar that we tend not to reg-ister their shapes or how we execute them. The divide between creation and realization has, if anything, become still more precarious in the digital age. Writing as a process of invention has taken on a different materiality. The physi-...
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What constitutes sameness and difference has troubled thinkers from Plato to Aquinas to Benjamin, from Hegel to Heidegger to Derrida. Philosophers have challenged the relationship between Idea and Being, argued over how objects exist and how they are perceived, and interrogated the nature of the connections between “an” original and “a” copy.1 Asking such questions not of archetypes but of specific historical arti-facts requires the clear articulation of the constituent terms of the discussion. ...
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Copying is an act that can have consequences. It entails a series of complex choices about sources and audience, and enacts a variety of transformations. Copying can be rhetorical, and thus political—a moment of translation, that is, rather than transparent transposition. This chapter turns from the transformative practices of scribes to the comparable compositional practices of the writers of historiography. In particular, it con-siders history writing as a series of texts in part “copied” from still other texts. ...
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Chapters 3 and 4 will turn to some of the least-read texts in two of the best-known books written by two of the best-known scribes of early fourteenth century England: the Harley Scribe, responsible for copy-ing three manuscripts including London, BL, MS Harley 2253, and Scribe 1 of the Auchinleck manuscript.1 Bringing together the focus in Chapter 1 on the diverse labors of scribes and Chapter 2’s reimagination of the textual tradition of insular historiography, the next two chapters will examine the ...
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The Auchinleck manuscript has been called many things by many critics, and read in many different ways, but no critic has ever called the book unimportant. It is a thick book, preserving some forty-three items in Middle English and one piece in Anglo-Norman in the 331 folios that survive intact in the codex.1 In contrast to the thirty-six items spread across 123 folios in Royal 12.c.xii, or the 121 items of Harley 2253’s 140 folios, the Auchinleck manuscript features a large number of long texts, ...
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Medieval history writing encouraged some scribes to assemble compilations, others to craft derivative texts, and still others to become scribal authors. The extraordinary number of surviving manuscripts of the Middle English prose Brut is comparable to another very different text, the Wycliffite Bible.1 In both cases, the “author” of the texts is conceptually subordinated to the larger needs and agendas of the texts, and their need to perform their authority while remaining authorless. The Mid-...
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Plate 2. Glasgow, Glasgow University Library, MS Hunter 215, f. 149r...
B ibliog r aph y
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Edinburgh, National Library of Scotland, MS Advocates 19.2.1 (Auchinleck)London, City of London, London Metropolitan Archives, Custumal 12Ælfric. Ælfric’s Catholic Homilies: The First Series; Text. Edited by Peter Clemoes. EETS SS 17. Alfred of Beverly. Aluredi Beverlacensis annales, sive, Historia de gestis regum Britanniae, Libris Barlow, Frank, ed. Vita Aedwardi Regis qui apud Westmonasterium requiescit. Toronto: Thomas ...
M a n usc r ipt I n d e x
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G e n e r al I n d e x
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Interventions: New Studies in Medieval Culture publishes theoretically informed work in medieval literary and cultural studies. We are interested both in studies of medieval culture and in work on the continuing importance of medieval tropes and Fashioning Change: The Trope of Clothing in High- and Late-Medieval EnglandRevivalist Fantasy: Alliterative Verse and Nationalist Literary History...
Page Count: 296
Illustrations: 10 halftones, 3 color images
Publication Year: 2012
Series Title: Interventions: New Studies in Medieval Culture
Series Editor Byline: Ethan Knapp