Paine and Jefferson in the Age of Revolutions
Publication Year: 2013
The enormous popularity of his pamphlet Common Sense made Thomas Paine one of the best-known patriots during the early years of American independence. His subsequent service with the Continental Army, his publication of The American Crisis (1776–83), and his work with Pennsylvania’s revolutionary government consolidated his reputation as one of the foremost radicals of the Revolution. Thereafter, Paine spent almost fifteen years in Europe, where he was actively involved in the French Revolution, articulating his radical social, economic, and political vision in major publications such as The Rights of Man (1791), The Age of Reason (1793-1807), and Agrarian Justice (1797). Such radicalism was deemed a danger to the state in his native Britain, where Paine was found guilty of sedition, and even in the United States some of Paine’s later publications lost him a great deal of his early popularity.
Yet despite this legacy, historians have paid less attention to Paine than to other leading Patriots such as Thomas Jefferson. In Paine and Jefferson in the Age of Revolutions, editors Simon Newman and Peter Onuf present a collection of essays that examine how the reputations of two figures whose outlooks were so similar have had such different trajectories.
Published by: University of Virginia Press
Title Page, Copyright
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On March 4, 1809, Thomas jefferson concluded his second term as president of the United states and retired from public life. Three months later, on june 8, Thomas paine died in Greenwich Village, new York City. To mark the bicentennial of paine’s death, a small group of scholars gathered at the reform Club in London under the auspices of the robert H. smith international Center for jefferson studies. for three days, we discussed Thomas paine’s place and significance in the age of revolution, ...
IPaine and Jefferson
The Radicalism ofThomas Jefferson and Thomas PaineConsidered
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Tha jeern and Thomas paine could not have been more different in background and temperament. jefferson was a wealthy slaveholding aristocrat from Virginia who was as well connected so-cially as anyone in america. His mother was a randolph, perhaps the most prestigious family in all of Virginia, and positions in his society came easy to him. personally, he was cool, reserved, and self-possessed. He disliked personal controversy and was always charming in face-to-face relations with ...
“The Whole Objectof the Present Controversy”
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In 1776 Tha paine and Thomas jefferson were in philadelphia and each made his most notable contribution to the american revolu-tion—paine publishing Common Sense and jefferson drafting the dec-laration of independence.1 as a consequence of these activities, paine and jefferson are, perhaps, more closely associated with the colonies’ decision to declare independence than any other figures. The case for independence, per-suasively made by paine in Common Sense and fluently distilled by jefferson ...
Thomas Paine’sEarly Radicalism, 1768–1783
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Beteen 1768 and 1783, Thomas paine’s political radicalism and revolutionary enthusiasm developed in two phases: in his experiences in the small towns and hamlets throughout Midlands england and sussex, and then in his first year in america after his arrival in philadelphia in november 1774. once in his new country, he cultivated a vision of how americans could transform their country into a genuine democratic republic. He then embarked on a quest to ensure that european nations, including ...
Paine, Jefferson, and RevolutionaryRadicalism in Early National America
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N re than tee ee attended the funeral of Thomas paine on june 10, 1809, when he was buried on his farm in new rochelle, new York. no political leaders attended, no eulogy was given, and the event was little reported and largely ignored. in stark contrast, when Thomas jefferson died, on the fiftieth anniversary of american inde-pendence, the entire nation mourned.1 Why were these two revolutionary brothers in arms treated so differently? in 1776 they had been the heroes of ...
Paine, Jefferson, and the Modern Ideasof Democracy and the Nation
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Decracy and the idea of the nation are two concepts that over the course of the last two hundred and fifty years have signifi-cantly shaped the development of the modern world. as a result, historians and scholars of other disciplines have paid a great deal of attention to the history of these key concepts. often, however, scholars concentrate on the empirical “realities” of democracy and the nation and neglect the concep-tual changes that were essential to the rise of the modern forms of these two ...
IIJeffersonand Paine’s Europe
Thomas Paine and Benjamin Franklin’sFrench Circle
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An the innerabe b written about either Benjamin franklin or Thomas paine, none fails to mention the long-lasting friendship between the two revolutionaries. paine’s biographers are particularly fond of quoting franklin’s description of paine as his “adopted political son,” without acknowledging that its source is none other than paine himself.1 The two men were close, but franklin’s role as a mentor has been misunderstood due to a narrow focus on paine’s early days in america. Less ...
Revolutionaries in Paris
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In “dicre n the Le or Cntry,” richard price wrote: “Be encouraged all ye friends of freedom and writers in its de- fence. . . . Behold the light you have struck out, after setting america free, reflected to france and there kindled into a blaze that lays despotism in ashes and warms and illuminates europe.”1 price’s stirring celebration of the cause of liberty seems to endorse a view that became widely held between 1789 and 1792, namely, that the principles of the american revolution had ...
The Troubled Receptionof Thomas Paine in France, Germa
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Hitrian idea, and historians of the enlightenment, have long since recognized the initial impact of Thomas paine in france, pointing to his multiple election as deputy to the Convention par-liament in 1792 as evidence of the extent to which his name and reputation had become well established in france. But we have not had such full ac-counts of his political role from the perspective of his fellow participants in the new french republic, nor explanations of why his influence waned so ...
Empire without Colonies
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It i hard t iaine a more apposite opening paragraph than that which graces Harold adams innis’s monumental The Fur Trade in Canada: “The history of Canada has been profoundly influenced by the habits of an animal which very fittingly occupies a prominent place on her coat of arms. The beaver (Castor Canadensis) was of dominant importance in the beginnings of the Canadian fur trade. it is impossible to understand the characteristic developments of the trade or of Canadian history without ...
Thomas Paine and Jeffersonian America
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The independence of america, considered merely as a separation from england, would have been a matter but of little importance, had it not been accompanied by a revolution in the principles and practice of governments. . . . Government founded on a moral theory, on a system of universal peace, on the indefeasible hereditary Rights of Man, is now ...
Thomas Jefferson’sPortrait of Thomas Paine
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A rtrait Tha paine was among the artwork from Thomas jefferson’s personal collection sent to the Boston athe-naeum for exhibition and sale in 1828. The small painting had been a gift from the artist john Trumbull to jefferson in late 1788 and had remained a part of jefferson’s collection until after his death and the dispersal of his estate. it was not listed as one of the pieces sold at the athenaeum, yet its whereabouts following the sale were unknown until it was identified in 1955. ...
Two Paths from Revolution
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Tha jeern and Thomas paine shared an enthusiasm for the revolutions of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Both, of course, were strong partisans of the american revolution; both were among the strongest non-french supporters of the french revolu-tion. Both called for and welcomed future revolutions. no american citizens played a greater role in the french revolution than jefferson and paine. The former was much involved in the early stages of the revolution, consult-...
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Tha paine and Thomas jefferson have long been associated with one another in the american historical imagination. Their many de-tractors have tended to regard them as unrepresentative radicals who were profoundly out of step with their fellow citizens, especially in regard to their religious beliefs. Their admirers, on the other hand, have lauded paine and jefferson as foundational articulators of what would become the egalitar-ian, democratic, and inclusionary commitments at the heart of the american ...
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Page Count: 320
Illustrations: 6 b&w illus., 1 table
Publication Year: 2013
Series Title: Jeffersonian America