We cannot verify your location
Browse Book and Journal Content on Project MUSE

Old World, New World

America and Europe in the Age of Jefferson

Leonard J. Sadosky, Peter Nicolaisen, Peter S. Onuf, Andrew J. O’Shaughnessy

Publication Year: 2010

Within the context of a growing interest in Atlantic history, this book focuses on the relationship between America and Europe during the Age of Revolution.

Published by: University of Virginia Press

Title Page

pdf iconDownload PDF (289.5 KB)

Copyright Page

pdf iconDownload PDF (289.4 KB)

read more


pdf iconDownload PDF (349.9 KB)
pp. ix-x

This volume contains a selection of contributions from a conference entitled “The Old World and the New: Exchanges Between America and Europe in the Age of Jefferson,” held at the Salzburg Seminar in Salzburg, Austria, on October 12–16, 2005. The setting for this conference was very symbolic, since the Salzburg Seminar was established by an idealistic group of Har-...


pdf iconDownload PDF (350.9 KB)
pp. xi-xii

read more


pdf iconDownload PDF (398.5 KB)
pp. 1-14

Throughout his career Thomas Jefferson imagined an impassable boundary between Europe and America, Old World and New. To avoid the “broils of the European nations,” he wrote to Elbridge Gerry in 1797, he wished “there were an ocean of fire between us and the old world.” 1 As the new nation teetered on the brink of war with Britain in 1812, he again hoped to insulate it ...

read more

Chapter 1: Environmental Hazards, Eighteenth-Century Style

pdf iconDownload PDF (418.4 KB)
pp. 15-31

We today think we have problems with our environment. Our worries seem endless. We are anxious about global warming and greenhouse gas emissions; the effect of aerosol sprays on the ozone layer; hazardous wastes in our water supplies; and toxic substances in our foods. But compared with the environmental problems faced by our nation at the very beginning of ...

read more

Chapter 2: Decadents Abroad: Reconstructing the Typical Colonial American in London in the Late Colonial Period

pdf iconDownload PDF (473.4 KB)
pp. 32-60

The figure of the alienated American colonist in London on the eve of independence has become a historian’s stereotype. Whether the subject is political radicals immersed in the unreal hothouse of City politics, southern planters who felt socially discounted, or pretty much any colonist scandalized by the swirling cauldron of political and cultural corruption that was ...

read more

Chapter 3: “Citizens of the World”: Men, Women, and Country in the Age of Revolution

pdf iconDownload PDF (440.7 KB)
pp. 61-82

“From experience,” declaimed Betsey Galloway with all the world- weariness of youth in a 1779 letter to her mother, “I have formed such an opinion of Mankind that I wish for little society. Where ever I could get the most to live on with you, there I would go whether at Nova Zembla or Otaheite. . . . I shall never feel myself at home without you.”1 Invoking two places meant to ...

read more

Chapter 4: Reimagining the British Empire and America in an Age of Revolution: The Case of William Eden

pdf iconDownload PDF (440.3 KB)
pp. 83-104

The early weeks of September 1778 found Frederick Howard, Earl of Carlisle, safely within the City of New York—one of the few North American cities that still professed loyalty to his king and country—contemplating the causes and implications of months of failed diplomacy. The head of a commission sanctioned by King George III, Carlisle, along with his fellow ...

read more

Chapter 5: John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, and the Dutch Patriots

pdf iconDownload PDF (465.3 KB)
pp. 105-130

In September 1787 King Frederick William II of Prussia ordered twenty thousand troops to march upon the Netherlands. He justified the invasion as an attempt to avenge an insult allegedly committed against his sister, Princess Wilhelmina, wife of Prince William V of the House of Orange. William V was stadtholder of the Netherlands, a hereditary office that tradi-...

read more

Chapter 6: John Adams in Europe: A Provincial Cosmopolitan Confronts the Metropolitan World, 1778–1788

pdf iconDownload PDF (448.3 KB)
pp. 131-154

To take a Walk in the Gardens of the Palace of the Tuilleries, and describe the Statues there, . . . would be a very pleasant Amusement, and instructive Entertainment, improving in History, Mythology, Poetry. . . . But I could not do this without neglecting my duty.—The Science of Government it is my Duty to study, more than all other Sciences: the...

read more

Chapter 7: “Behold me at length on the vaunted scene of Europe”: Thomas Jefferson and the Creation of an American Image Abroad

pdf iconDownload PDF (647.4 KB)
pp. 155-178

After a year in Paris Thomas Jefferson wrote to a friend in his native Virginia, “Behold me at length on the vaunted scene of Europe!” “But you are perhaps curious to know,” he continued,” how this new scene has struck a savage of the mountains of America.” This letter of September 30, 1785, to Charles Bellini, which Jefferson listed in his epistolary journal as “My view ...

read more

Chapter 8: Negotiating Gifts: Jefferson’s Diplomatic Presents

pdf iconDownload PDF (431.9 KB)
pp. 179-199

In 1791 Thomas Jefferson accepted a gift from Louis XVI, a miniature portrait of the king set in “brilliants,” marking the end of his tenure as the U.S. minister to France. What might seem a banal, even innocuous ceremonial gesture preoccupied Jefferson, who at first refused to accept the gift. His own distaste for this aspect of diplomatic culture was in step with a clause...

read more

Chapter 9: Better Tools for a New and Better World: Jefferson Perfects the Plow

pdf iconDownload PDF (650.6 KB)
pp. 200-222

In the spring of 1788 an elegant carriage bounced along the post roads of eastern France. The American minister to the court of Louis XVI, returning from a tour up the Rhine River, gazed from its window at a group of peasants working in a field. Traveling always stimulated Thomas Jefferson to engage in comparisons, and this sight of oxen, plows, and working women ...

read more

Chapter 10: The End of a Beautiful Friendship: Americans in Paris and Public Diplomacy during the War Scare of 1798–1799

pdf iconDownload PDF (451.8 KB)
pp. 223-246

Even by the standards of the early twenty-first century the year 1798 marked a low point in Franco-American relations. Diplomatic negotiations between the two republics broke down completely amidst mutual recriminations and were replaced by undeclared warfare on the high seas. Since the ratification of Jay’s Treaty and the recall of American minister to France James Monroe ...

read more

Chapter 11: Elizabeth Patterson Bonaparte: A Woman between Two Worlds

pdf iconDownload PDF (676.4 KB)
pp. 247-276

The decades after 1800 were a period of uncertainty and anxiety. “Four memorable evils” still threatened the “unexampled freedom” of the republic, warned Thomas Ritchie, the editor of the Richmond Enquirer, in 1806: “war,” “party spirit,” disunion, and “luxury.”1 Each of these “evils” appeared at one time or another in the first two decades of the nineteenth century. ...


pdf iconDownload PDF (295.8 KB)
pp. 277-280


pdf iconDownload PDF (323.9 KB)
pp. 281-287

E-ISBN-13: 9780813928524
E-ISBN-10: 0813928524
Print-ISBN-13: 9780813928470
Print-ISBN-10: 0813928478

Page Count: 304
Illustrations: 10 b&w photos (10 redacted), 3 line drawings (3 redacted)
Publication Year: 2010

Research Areas


UPCC logo

Subject Headings

  • Europe -- Civilization -- 18th century -- Congresses.
  • United States -- Relations -- Europe -- Congresses.
  • Europe -- Relations -- United States -- Congresses.
  • Americans -- Europe -- History -- 18th century -- Congresses.
  • Bonaparte, Elizabeth Patterson, 1785-1879 -- Congresses.
  • Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826 -- Congresses.
  • Adams, John, 1735-1826 -- Congresses.
  • United States -- Civilization -- 1783-1865 -- Congresses.
  • You have access to this content
  • Free sample
  • Open Access
  • Restricted Access