The Renewal of the Kibbutz
From Reform to Transformation
Publication Year: 2013
This book explores the waves of reforms since 1990. Looking through the lens of organizational theories that predict how open or closed a group will be to change, the authors find that less successful kibbutzim were most receptive to reform, and reforms then spread through imitation from the economically weaker kibbutzim to the strong.
Published by: Rutgers University Press
Title Page, Copyright
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... 1.1. Number of Kibbutzim and Total Population of Kibbutzim, 1910– 2010 22 2.4. New Rights and Entitlements for Members and Kibbutz- Born 3.1. Frequencies of Responses to Questions about Innovations 71 4.2. Organizational Titles in Traditional and Differential Kibbutzim 91 5.3. Members’ Perceptions of the Economic Condition of Their ...
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This volume is the result of more than two decades of research. In the course of assembling the information presented here, we have accumu-Our greatest debt is to Menachem Rosner. As a researcher, Rosner has been extraordinarily original and productive. He was one of the earliest scholars to write about many of the issues and changes addressed in this ...
Introduction. Perspectives on Change in the Kibbuutzim
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Since soon after their first appearance in Jewish Palestine in 1910, the col-lective rural settlements that later came to be known as “kibbutzim” have attracted international interest. At first, observers noted their unusually democratic and communal structures and practices. Although the land that each kibbutz was located on was the property of the Jewish National Fund, ...
Chapter 1. Development of the Kibbutzim
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In this chapter we describe the kibbutzim as they were at the opening of the period 1990 through 2010, and review how they came to assume that form. We divide relevant information about the nature and history of the kibbutzim into two parts. The first part relates the unique circumstances that gave birth to the kibbutzim, and that made them one of the most ...
Chapter 2. From Crisis to Reform, 1985– 2001
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By the 1980s, Israel’s kibbutzim differed in many ways from what they had been in the pre- state period. Most kibbutz members now worked out-side of agriculture, in increasingly diverse tasks. They now slept in family- based households. The trees and plants growing on many kibbutzim were now mature and well- tended, giving their grounds a park- like atmosphere. ...
Chapter 3. Consideration and Adoption of Innovations, 1990– 2001
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In chapter 2 we documented the spread of innovations through the popu-lation of kibbutzim. Although some innovations enjoyed wide acceptance, others were introduced in only small numbers of kibbutzim. In this chap-ter, we shift from the question of which changes were accepted, to the question of how individual kibbutzim made and carried out decisions to ...
Chapter 4. Transformation of the Kibbutzim, 1995– 2011
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As we have shown in chapters 2 and 3, most kibbutzim made only mod-est reforms in the 1990s, and made even those changes with great hesi-tation. The great majority of kibbutzim introduced changes that did not violate traditional definitions of the kibbutzim codified in national laws and kibbutz bylaws, but avoided changes that explicitly contradicted these ...
Chapter 5. From Transformation to Renewal
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By the early years of the new century, kibbutzim that paid differential salaries to members were becoming more numerous than kibbutzim that continued to base household budgets on need. The kibbutzim that made this change had clearly been greatly transformed by it, but what they had In chapter 5, we begin with the response of the kibbutz movement and ...
Appendix. Date Sources and Statistical Analytics
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In several chapters we present quantitative portraits of the process and consequences of innovation in the kibbutzim. The purpose of this appendix is to provide documentation of the samples and data used in our statistical analyses, and to explain the approaches we used in analyzing...
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About the Authors
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RAYMOND RUSSELL is a professor of sociology at the University of Califor-nia, Riverside. He has studied participation by employees in the ownership and control of their workplaces in many contexts and countries, including the United States, Israel, and Russia. His previous works on Israel include Utopia in Zion: The Israeli Experience with Worker Cooperatives....
Page Count: 196
Illustrations: 20 illustrations
Publication Year: 2013