Incarceration and Transitions to Adulthood among Urban Youth
Publication Year: 2013
Falling Back is based on over three years of ethnographic research with black and Latino males on the cusp of adulthood and incarcerated at a rural reform school designed to address “criminal thinking errors” among juvenile drug offenders. Fader observed these young men as they transitioned back to their urban Philadelphia neighborhoods, resuming their daily lives and struggling to adopt adult masculine roles. This in-depth ethnographic approach allowed her to portray the complexities of human decision-making as these men strove to “fall back,” or avoid reoffending, and become productive adults. Her work makes a unique contribution to sociological understandings of the transitions to adulthood, urban social inequality, prisoner reentry, and desistance from offending.
Published by: Rutgers University Press
Download PDF (78.6 KB)
Title Page, Copyright Page
Download PDF (54.6 KB)
Download PDF (41.9 KB)
Download PDF (49.3 KB)
Above all, we do not have enough studies in which the person doing the research has achieved close contact with those he studies, so that he can become aware of the complex and manifold character of the When I started a Ph.D. program at the University of Pennsylvania, I had no reason to suspect that I would become an inner- city godmother, ...
Download PDF (44.1 KB)
I owe special debts to several mentors who had a hand in crafting this book. I am grateful for the mentorship and guidance provided by Eli-jah Anderson, Kathryn Edin, Lawrence Sherman, David Bayley, Hans Toch, and Michael B. Katz. Without institutional support from the Uni-versity of Pennsylvania Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, the Otto ...
Download PDF (80.9 KB)
...within a dense forest in western Pennsylvania, is Mountain Ridge Academy, a reform school for delinquent youth. The facility’s sprawling ninety- acre campus contains eight dormitories, each of which houses thirty- two young men between the ages of fourteen and eighteen. The dorms, school, gym, and administration buildings are all clad in brown ...
Chapter 1. No Love for the Brothers
Download PDF (474.0 KB)
...love because its name combines the Greek terms philos, love, with adelphos, brother. For the twelve years I lived in the city, I found it exceptionally easy to strike up conversations at pubs, on buses and trains, and at dog parks. Urban sociologist Elijah Anderson has described places such as Rittenhouse Square and the Reading Termi-...
Chapter 2. Because That Is the Way You Are. Predictions of Failure and Cultural Assaults inside Mountain Ridge Academy
Download PDF (68.1 KB)
...of change employed at Mountain Ridge Academy. Mountain Ridge’s explicit theory of delinquency is based on criminal personality theory and assumes that young people offend because they regularly make seri-ous errors in their thinking. The school’s practice is also based on implicit assumptions, including the assertion that crime is freely and rationally ...
Chapter 3. You Can Take Me Outtathe ’Hood, But You Can’tTake the ’Hood Outta Me. The Experience of “Reform”at Mountain Ridge Academy
Download PDF (85.3 KB)
...from inner- city Philadelphia interpreted and adapted to the program of change used at Mountain Ridge, drawing primarily on in- depth inter-Understanding these young men’s experiences requires an apprecia-tion of the social and cultural lenses through which they view the world. I show that their mastery of the street code and the pride generated by ...
Chapter 4. Nothing’s Changed but Me. Reintegration PlansMeet the Inner City
Download PDF (94.3 KB)
We met in the cafeteria at Mountain Ridge, where he approached me about being part of my study. His culinary arts coworker, Sincere, had told him all about me, and he was hurt that I had failed to contact him. Although I realized that a clerical error had prevented him from being on the list, I soon learned that Tony often felt overlooked and left out, ...
Chapter 5. I’m Not a Mama’s Boy,I’m My Own Boy. Employment, Hustling,and Adulthood
Download PDF (97.1 KB)
Sincere and several male friends hanging out on the stoop, bracing them-selves to go into Center City to look for jobs. I flashed back to the moment when, shortly after my sixteenth birthday, my parents dropped me off in front of our local grocery store with instructions for inquir-ing about a job. I got a cashier position on the spot and, as I worked my ...
Chapter 6. I Just Wanna See a Part of Me That’s Never Been Bad. Family, Fatherhood,and Further Offending
Download PDF (122.0 KB)
...nected to the formal labor market and consequently were vulnerable to the pulls of the underground economy. Few were willing or able to become full- time hustlers, however. Without a consistent income from either legal or illegal work, these young men sought dignity, autonomy, and a sense of mastery in other realms, often by becoming fathers. This ...
Chapter 7. I’m Finally Becoming the Person I Always Wanted to Be. Masculine Identity, Social Support, and Falling Back
Download PDF (100.4 KB)
...far occupied marginal roles in relation to the labor market and the family, two important social institutions that are often thought to promote law- abiding behavior. Any sense of masculine identity these men earned by working or by being an involved father and a roman-tic partner was hard- won and easily lost. In this chapter, I focus on ...
Chapter 8. I Got Some Unfinished Business. Fictions of Success at Mountain Ridge Academy’s Graduation Ceremony
Download PDF (80.0 KB)
...trekked back to Mountain Ridge Academy with five of the former resi-dents for their graduation ceremony. As we traveled down the six- mile road leading to the facility, I witnessed what sociologist Erving Goff-man called “a wonderful putting on and taking off of character” as they prepared to move from the back stage of our van onto the front stage of ...
Download PDF (96.4 KB)
...spoke to my students, Sincere said something so honest and profound that it nearly took my breath away. “Sometimes, I wake up in the middle of the night and feel like I should be doing something more. God meant for me to do something more when He decided to let me live when so many people died [in the church van accident]. I know I was meant to ...
Download PDF (93.8 KB)
Download PDF (57.7 KB)
About the Author, Further Reading
Download PDF (39.6 KB)
Jamie J. Fader is an assistant professor in the School of Criminal Justice at the University at Albany. She received her Ph.D. in sociology at the University of Pennsylvania in 2008. Her research interests include social inequalities, juvenile justice and delinquency, corrections, urban sociol-AVAILABLE TITLES IN THE CRITICAL ISSUES IN CRIME AND SOCIETY SERIES:...
Page Count: 278
Illustrations: 3 maps, 2 tables
Publication Year: 2013
Series Title: Critical Issues in Crime and Society
Series Editor Byline: Raymond J. Michalowski