Zapotecs on the Move
Cultural, Social, and Political Processes in Transnational Prespective
Publication Year: 2013
Based on multi-site fieldwork conducted over a five-year period, Adriana Cruz-Manjarrez analyzes how and why Yalálag Zapotec identity and culture have been reconfigured in the United States, using such cultural practices as music, dance, and religious rituals as a lens to bring this dynamic process into focus. By illustrating the sociocultural, economic, and political practices that link immigrants in Los Angeles to those left behind, the book documents how transnational migration has reflected, shaped, and transformed these practices in both their place of origin and immigration.
Published by: Rutgers University Press
Title Page, Copyright
Download PDF (71.4 KB)
Download PDF (43.7 KB)
Download PDF (54.0 KB)
I could not have written this book without the exceptional help, trust, and sup-port of many people. First of all, I would like to express my gratitude, apprecia-tion, and respect for la Gente de Yalálag who live in Los Angeles, Oaxaca City, and Yalálag. I think of every Yalalteco/a who informed and helped me to develop this project. I am deeply indebted to all of them for allowing me to participate ...
Download PDF (120.8 KB)
On a day in late November 2000, a Yalálag Zapotec friend of mine, José, invited me to attend a community event in Los Angeles; there Yalaltec immigrants joined together to raise funds for the annual patron saint fiesta of Santiago Apóstol and the reconstruction of the saint’s barrio cultural center in the Yalalte-cos’ home village of Yalálag in Oaxaca, Mexico.1 When I arrived at a small East ...
Chapter 1. The Yalagazapotecs
Download PDF (170.3 KB)
Zapotec migration into the United States is not a new phenomenon. It started in the first half of the twentieth century and continues until now. In Los Ange-les, the Zapotec community is composed of various Zapotec immigrant village communities from the Central Valleys and the Sierra Norte and the Sierra Sur of the state of Oaxaca. This migration includes the earliest immigrants and ...
Chapter 2. Building Community and Connections in Los Angeles
Download PDF (245.3 KB)
On a late afternoon in June 2005, while I was conducting an interview with my Yalaltec friend Fabian at the university housing at UCLA, he told me the follow-ing Yalaltec joke about the arrival of the Yalálag patron saints in Los Angeles.Santiago (San Santiago Apóstol) goes to Los Angeles to make money to fix his old house in Yalálag. Once he repairs it, he suggests to Rosa (Santa Rosa ...
Chapter 3. Community Life Across Borders
Download PDF (347.9 KB)
During the celebration of the major mass of San Antonio de Padua on June 13, 2004, in the village of Yalálag, Father Adrian spoke, saying: “We must thank all the people who have made possible the fiesta for San Antonio de Padua. This fiesta could not have been done without the collaborative work between local people and immigrants who live in Oaxaca City, Mexico City, Veracruz, Puebla, ...
Chapter 4. Yalalagzapotec Identities in a Changing World
Download PDF (209.8 KB)
Zapotec, or ben’zaa, means “people from the clouds.” Being Zapotec, according to the Zapotecs, signifies the collective identity of people who are born within this group and behave, affiliate, and act according to Zapotec mores.1 The Yalálag Zapotecs use three terms to distinguish themselves according to region. Those who live in El Valle are usually referred to as ben raghe, which means “people ...
Chapter 5. Indentities of the Second-Generation Yalalagzapotecs
Download PDF (209.3 KB)
Everyday throughout Los Angeles, second- generation Yalálag Zapotecs negotiate and reframe their sense of identification as American, Mexican, Oaxaqueños, and Yalaltecos.1 They grow up hearing from their parents that they are Ameri-cans citizens of Mexican descent because they are born in the United States and have U.S. passports. Instead of learning the language of their parents— Zapotec– ...
Chapter 6. Danzas Chuscas. Performing Status, Violence, and Gender in Ozaxaca California
Download PDF (170.8 KB)
Danzas chuscas are parodic dances performed in indigenous and mestizo vil-lages throughout Mexico, and date back to as early as the 1930s (de la Fuente 1949). In Yalálag, Yalaltec non- immigrants dance Yalálag danzas chuscas during patron saint celebrations, a time when many Yalaltecos who have immigrated to Los Angeles return to visit their families. Since the late 1980s, these immigrants ...
Chapteer 7. Community and Culture in Transnational Perspective
Download PDF (266.7 KB)
At present, religious fiestas and cultural practices such as dance and music con-tinue to be as essential to the social life of the immigrant community in Los Angeles as they are to Yalaltecos in Yalálag. In both places, scores of Yalaltecos come together to honor the Yalálag patron saints. The fiestas create special occasions for family reunions, community reorganization, and the collective ...
Download PDF (75.6 KB)
Migration movements around the world are part of human history. However, what distinguishes contemporary migration movements from previous large- scale migrations are political and ethnic conflicts, natural disasters, and, most notably, the increased social and economic inequalities between people living in the same country and differences between people and countries around the ...
Download PDF (89.3 KB)
I conducted this study in two localities— the city of Los Angeles, California, in the United States and the Zapotec village of Yalálag, Oaxaca, Mexico. In Los Angeles, I spent long evenings and entire weekends in areas where the Yalalteco study participants live and socialize: Koreatown, South Central Los Angeles, the Pico...
Download PDF (124.2 KB)
Download PDF (66.8 KB)
Download PDF (119.2 KB)
Download PDF (84.4 KB)
The letter f following a page number denotes a figure; the letter t denotes a table....
About the Author
Download PDF (17.0 KB)
Adriana Cruz- Manjarrez is a research professor at University of Colima, Mex-ico. Her interdisciplinary work specializes on the study of Yalálag Zapotec and Yucatec Maya migration into the United States with a focus on transnational communities, identity, gender, race, ethnicity, and cultural practices....
Page Count: 268
Illustrations: 9 halftones, 1 map
Publication Year: 2013
Series Title: Latinidad: Transnational Cultures in the United States
Series Editor Byline: Carlos Velez-Ibanez, Daniel Arreola, Daniel Bernardi, Marivel Danielson, Paul Espinosa, Matt Garcia, Lisa Magana, Douglas Massey, Catherine Ramirez, and Nestor Rodriguez