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The Selected Papers of Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony, Volume VI

An Awful Hush, 1895 to 1906, volume 6

Edited by Ann Gordon

Publication Year: 2012

Volume 6, An Awful Hush, is about reformers trained “in the school of anti-slavery” trying to practice their craft in the age of Jim Crow and a new American Empire. It recounts new challenges to “an aristocracy of sex,” whether among bishops of the Episcopal church, voters in California, or trustees of the University of Rochester. And it sends last messages about woman suffrage. As Stanton wrote to Theodore Roosevelt on the day before she died, “Surely there is no greater monopoly than that of all men, in denying to all women a voice in the laws they are compelled to obey.”

Published by: Rutgers University Press

Frontispiece

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Title Page

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Copyright Page

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Dedication

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Contents

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pp. vii-xvi

Illustrations

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pp. xvii-xviii

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Preface

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pp. xix-xx

This is the sixth and final volume publishing selected papers of Elizabeth Cady Stanton (1815–1902) and Susan B. Anthony (1820–1906). Like the earlier volumes, this one builds upon the work of Patricia G. Holland, Ann D. Gordon, Gail Malmgreen, and Kathleen McDonough in preparing the microfilm edition, ...

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xxi-xxiv

With this volume, the series is complete. The stream of students who made this series possible has come to an end. Loyal donors can direct their gifts elsewhere. Our own flood of puzzling and curious queries directed to librarians, genealogists, fellow editors, and archivists dries up. ...

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Introduction

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pp. xxv-xxxii

The American people learned about plans for governing the newly annexed islands of Hawaii when President William McKinley delivered to Congress the recommendations of the Hawaiian Commission on 6 December 1898.1 Susan B. Anthony read and saved the summary published the next day in Rochester’s Democrat and Chronicle, ...

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Editorial Practice

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pp. xxxiii-xxxviii

This volume selects less than ten percent of the documents available for the period of time from December 1895 to March 1906. Documents are printed in their entirety with two exceptions: entries from diaries are selected from the larger document; ESC’s and SBA’s contributions to meetings are occasionally excerpted from the fullest coverage available. ...

Abbreviations

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pp. xxxix-xlviii

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1. 19–20 December 1895: Diary of SBA

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pp. 1-3

Mrs Mary Jane Holmes2 of Brockport—came to attend sociable— Spent the night with—seemed pleased— Had a large & nice company at Mrs Probsts— Mrs C. C. Catts2 Woman Suffrage Calendars not arrive— but Mrs Sweet4 took orders for 35— ...

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2. 21 December 1895: ECS to the Pilgrim Mothers’ Dinner

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pp. 3-5

I deeply regret that absence from the city deprives me of the contemplated pleasure of being present on this occasion, realizing, as it does each year, so many long-cherished memories of the birthday of the Republic. ...

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3. 21–22 December 1895: Diary of SBA

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pp. 5-7

Sister Mary & self took at Mrs Thayers—her daughter Mrs [blank] Perry3 lives with them had a good talk with Mr T. he had read Mrs. S. Bible—& remarked he thought its purpose was more to destroy belief in its infalibility—than to prove it on the side of equal rights to women— ...

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4. 14 January 1896: SBA to Frances E. Willard

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pp. 7-9

Last evening my sister attended our City W.C.T.U’s annual meeting— and one of its members made a most earnest speech for ↑the↓ Bible in our public schools—3 Of course if you persist in taking your National W.C.T.U. to California next October—this sort of talk will be had ...

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5. 18 January 1896: Frances E. Willard to SBA

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pp. 9-10

I had not the faintest idea of antagonizing you or the suffrage movement in California. I think I must have felt that what our women in California thought was best would be the thing to do because they are one and all devoted to suffrage and they besought us to go.2 ...

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6. 24 January 1896: ECS to Clara Bewick Colby

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pp. 10-13

I send you a copy of my appeal to the Congressional Committee as you may wish it for The Tribune.2 I have already sent the same to Miss Anthony, but I suppose she will give that to the Con. Record I would like to have you read Mrs Blatch’s letter, & present my resolution on that point,3 unless you already have a better one drawn up. ...

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7. 28 January 1896: ECS to Clara Bewick Colby

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pp. 13-14

Do your best not to allow the association as such to take any action on The Woman’s Bible. It would be a great pity for the only liberal association of women we have to cater to the religious bigotry of the age. ...

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8. 28 January 1896: Remarks of SBA to the National-American Woman Suffrage Association

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pp. 14-24

The interest of the closing afternoon centered in the report of the Resolution Committee.1 The resolutions were discussed, amended in various particulars, and finally adopted as given below. Resolution 8, referring to the Woman’s Bible, was the subject of sharp discussion.2 ...

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9. c. 31 January 1896: Interview with SBA by Nellie Bly

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pp. 24-40

She sat in a low rocking-chair, an image of repose and restfulness. Her well-shaped head, with its silken snowy hair combed smoothly over her ears, rested against the back of the chair. Her shawl had half-fallen from her shoulders and her soft black silk gown lay in gentle folds about her. ...

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10. 5 February 1896: ECS to Clara Bewick Colby

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pp. 41-43

I have written you pretty freely in regard to the situation but do not put one word I say to you in print. When I feel moved to review the recent action of the convention I will do so You hit the nail on the head when you said “personal spite” That is all there is of it in the minds of the leaders “a sense of duty” is mere hypocrisy. ...

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11. 10 February 1896: SBA to Clara Bewick Colby

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pp. 44-47

Miss Nettie Louisa White,1 305 D St., N.W., wrote me Feb. 5th that she had been writing out the stenographic report of the Judiciary Committee hearing.2 I hope the official reporter has sent you the copy ere this and that you have had time to go over it. ...

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12. 10 February 1896: SBA to ECS

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pp. 47-48

During three weeks of agony of soul, with scarcely a night of sleep, I have felt I must resign my presidency, but then the rights of the minority are to be respected and protected by me quite as much as the action of the majority is to be resented; and it is even more my duty to stand firmly with the minority because principle is with them. ...

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13. 29 February 1896: ECS to the Editors, Critic

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pp. 48-51

On January 25th you printed a communication, signed Annie Bronson King2 (Oxford, England), in which the writers of “The Woman’s Bible” are attacked. They have published Part I., comprising comments on the Pentateuch, and are now busy on Part II., extending to the Book of Ezra. ...

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14. 4 March 1896: Grace Channing-Stetson to ECS

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pp. 51-54

As for your question:—I fail to see how a religious bigot—man or woman—can possibly exercise a political influence favourable to the preservation of the secular nature of our government. But I’ve great hopes that the political exercise will be good for the bigot’s health! ...

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15. 11–12 March 1896: Diary of SBA

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pp. 54-55

Thur. March 12, 1896. Left San Diego—Cal this morning & stopped off in Los Angeles—with Cousin Jessie Anthony1 at the Toltec— Sundry friends called in the evening—many of them disgruntled & wanting to form a Southern California Campaign Committee & run things all by themselves ...

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16. 13 March 1896: Remarks by SBA to Meeting in Los Angeles

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pp. 55-57

There were about seventy-five ladies present yesterday afternoon in the parlor of the Nadeau hotel1 to welcome Miss Anthony on her flying trip through Los Angeles. Mrs. McComas2 presided in the chair, and stated the object of the meeting was to call women together to arouse additional interest in the coming constitutional campaign. ...

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17. 13–14 March 1896: Diary of SBA

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pp. 57-58

Fri. March 13, 1896. In Los Angeles—stopping at the Toltec with cousin Joseph Anthony’s daughter Jessie Anthony— Mrs M’Comas called— Attended Friday morning Club—& talked to them on am’t—1 Robert—Bob Burdette2 there—& talked splendidly— the paper was on martial music—a male quartetted played Star-spangled—Banner—&c— ...

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18. c. 17 March 1896: Interview of SBA

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pp. 59-60

“Our representatives in Washington are always ready to accept invitations to the suffrage platforms in States where we have succeeded, but those representing New York, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania and the older States where suffrage has not existed, the members of Congress, although they may personally express belief in suffrage, ...

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19. 20 March 1896: to Mary McHenry Keith

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pp. 60-61

Women can belong to no party—in the sense that men belong— We stand outside of each and all alike—and plead with the leaders of all— alike—to put Suffrage Amendment resolutions in their platforms—thereby making their party editors—and party stump orators ...

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20. April? 1896: SBA to ECS

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pp. 61-62

You say “women must be emancipated from their superstitions before enfranchisement will be of any benefit,” and I say just the reverse, that women must be enfranchised before they can be emancipated from their superstitions. Women would be no more superstitious today than men, ...

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21. 9 April 1896: SBA to Lillie Devereux Blake

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pp. 63-66

Your letter of the 2nd is before me. I am surprised at all you say with regard to the work in Delaware. I surely thought when I talked the matter over with Mrs. Catt that she full agreed with me that you should be the one to take the responsible lead of things in that state, and I have had no word to the contrary from her.1 ...

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22. 1–2 May 1896: Diary of SBA

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pp. 66-68

Fri. May 1, 1896. Fabiola Fiesta—Oakland—1 Mrs Sargent & self went over on 11 a.m. Boat were met by Mrs Stocker2 Pres of Alameda County club—Mrs Borland3 Pres of Oakland City club—& rode in beautifully decorated carriage—in the procession—inside the Fair Grounds—so all had to pay 50 cts to get in & see it ...

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23. 3 May 1896: Lecture by SBA at the A.M.E. Zion Church

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pp. 68-70

“This pulpit,” commenced Miss Anthony, “was once the place from which the great Starr King1 swayed the minds and hearts of men by means of his brilliant eloquence and noble piety. This grand man I knew in Boston. He was a great battler for equal rights. How gloriously he stood up for the victims of oppression! ...

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24. 3–4 May 1896: Diary of SBA

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pp. 70-71

Mr Noble2 of The Examiner called—the boy left my article at the Business office—so Mr Noble didn’t get it till this a.m.— he wants more frequent articles— will telegraph Hearst3 if the paper shall come out for the am’t— it would be too good to believe—if both ↑the↓ Republican & Democratic leading papers should champion us editorially— ...

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25. 14 June 1896: Theodore W. Stanton to ECS

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pp. 71-74

I wrote you a card from Paris just before starting tell↑ing↓ you I would give you some account of the sad affair here.1 Well, I arrived here early Saturday morning with beautiful weather. Hatty broke down for a moment on meeting me but she does not look so worn out as I feared would be the case. ...

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26. 24 June 1896: Harriot Stanton Blatch to ECS

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pp. 74-75

Just two week ago today was Helen’s last day with us here. We knew she was ill, but all thought there were weeks if not months before her, and I felt she would recover. It was not till Thursday moring about 6.30 that we saw a change in her. In an hour the little spirit had slipped away. ...

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27. 3 July 1896: SBA to Harriot Stanton Blatch

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pp. 75-76

The Card telling of the great sorrow that has come to your dear mother’s heart—reached me here at Mrs Sargent’s yesterday—the same morning papers brought word of the death of the other extreme of life—Harret Beecher Stowe’s death1—the last a glad welcome to all her friend’s—because her work had been completed years ago— ...

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28. 24 July 1896: ECS to Theodore W. Stanton

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pp. 76-77

We are having a good time here in old Peterboro. Altogether we have eleven regular guests and extra company almost every day. It is coming and going all the time. We could not have a pleasanter place for summer. It is just like being in your own house. Seven of our guests have bicycles and when they all start out together, ...

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29. 26 July 1896: SBA to Clara Bewick Colby

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pp. 78-80

Only to think it is now just five months since I left Rochester—and it will be well into four more—before I shall reach Rochester— It does the cruelest thing in the world—that the men of each state make their women go down on their knees to each individual man—& beg him to vote to let them vote!! ...

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30. 1 August 1896: Article by SBA: Woman Suffrage Must Be Non-Partisan

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pp. 81-83

The plan of action proposed in the above item from Los Angeles in yesterday’s Call would be most disastrous to the woman’s suffrage amendment.2 Every one must see that for a part of the suffrage women to thus ally themselves with the Republican party, another portion with the Democratic party, ...

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30. 1 August 1896: SBA to Jessie Anthony

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pp. 83-84

After scribbling the enclosed to Mrs M’Comas—I bethought me—I wanted you to see it—so here it is—read & hand to her—1 It does seem so very strange that any one person should thus give to the press a plan in direct opposition to what every one knows the State Committee has adopted— ...

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32. 4 August 1896: SBA to Jenkin Lloyd Jones

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pp. 84-85

Your letter of July 11th with inclosures has been forwarded to me here. It is impossible for me to respond to your call financially. I am up to my ears in hard work in the suffrage amendment campaign here in California, and do not expect to return east until after its fate has been decided at the ballot box on Nov. 3rd. ...

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33. 11 August 1896: SBA to Clara Bewick Colby

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pp. 85-88

Mrs Sargent—yesterday—authorized Miss Hay—as Chair of Central Com for Lecture work of Campaign—to write you—the ins & outs of the campaign—but that $200— was more than the hope even—if the treasury would allow—but the one condition of absolutely no color—as to Political party policies—must be adhered to— ...

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34. 15 August 1896: ECS to Charles P. Somerby

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pp. 89-90

Dear Mr. Somerby: Please send me a few copies of Commonwealth containing that valuable article by John Swinton2—the issue of July 25th. That should be printed in leaflet form and scattered all over this country. The apathy of our people in the present disturbed condition of our country is truly surprising. ...

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35. 20 August 1896: ECS to Clara Bewick Colby

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pp. 90-92

I send hereby the 1st chapter in Judges. Add a few remarks by Mrs Neyman, she speaks of one authority I forget the name.1 If you can read her writing you will see what is worth preserving I could not make one half out. What she says about the incapacity of warriors looking after money matters might be added to Ashcah ...

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36. 26 August 1896: Article by ECS: Specially Inspired Men

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pp. 92-93

Some persons object that it was not the “intention” of the framers of the original constitution, nor of its amendments, to enfranchise women.1 When ordinary men, in their ordinary condition, talk of the “intentions” of great men specially inspired to utter great political truths, they talk of what they cannot know or understand. ...

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37. 29 August 1896: SBA to Jessie Anthony

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pp. 94-

Miss Mary G. Hay is to reach the Hollenbeck Hotel on Monday A.M.— from San Francisco— she stops there to attend the meeting—your Campaign has called for Monday—of all southern California women who favor organizing a Southern Com. to control southern California—without any connection with the State Committee—1 ...

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38. 8 September 1896: SBA to ECS

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pp. 95-97

1st I resurrected Mrs Hookers1 letter & returned it to her with the nicest word I could say—on mundane—not etherial affairs— Well—we must take our fate—being so of “the earth-earthy”— ...

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39. 8 September 1896: ECS to William McKinley

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pp. 98-101

As a representative of a disfranchised class of American citizens, numbering thirty-five millions, I would suggest to you, as an act of justice, to remember them in your Inaugural address, should you be chosen for our next President.2 ...

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40. 19 September 1896: SBA to ECS

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pp. 101-103

Haven’t Miss Hay and Mrs Sweet come out in fiery colors?1 Think of these envelopes glaring the Post Office in the face as they stamp stamp piles & piles of them at each end of their route! We now have the prestige of all of the political parties inviting all of us to speak on their platforms side by side of their regular stump orators— ...

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41. Before 20 September 1896: ECS to the Editor, New York Journal

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pp. 103-104

Just returning from my Summer outing and inquiring into the political attitude of the metropolitan press, I learn that the Journal is the only daily paper that supports William J. Bryan as the regular Democratic candidate for President.2

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42. 22 September 1896: Mary S. Anthony to ECS

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pp. 104-105

A letter from Susan B. to day— She says dear Mrs Sargent is struggling to find the money to foot the enormous bills of their campaign work— They have been obliged to go in debt largely— I do hope some of the rich women somewhere in the country, will give them a lift out of it— ...

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43. 30 September 1896: SBA to Mary S. Anthony

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pp. 106-107

Five weeks from to-day the long drawn out agony will be ended either in death or in a beginning to live, and five weeks from Saturday night, November 7th, we all start eastward—homeward, thank heaven! ...

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44. 16 October 1896: Interview of SBA

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pp. 107-108

“At San Luis Obispo I addressed a Republican meeting with Senator Perkins.2 From there south I was the guest of Superintendent Johnson of the narrow gauge railroad, a strong equal suffragist who arranged 10 minute addresses for me at each place the train stopped.”3 ...

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45. 1–3 December 1896: Diary of SBA

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pp. 109-111

Tues. Dec. 1, 1896. Left Bensonhurst at 3 P.M. barely reached Fall River Boat at 6 Oclock—Rachel with me—1 it was my first Sound trip since 30 years ago—pleasant but cold— R. got into berth with me & talked until almost morning—while the great machinery paddled us along— R. is a wonderfully strong woman in many directions— ...

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46. 4 December 1896: Remarks by SBA to the National Council of Women

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pp. 111-112

Miss Susan B. Anthony was introduced as embodying the true spirit of ’76, and was received with waving handkerchiefs and applause. She said that, being in Boston, she never dreamed of being so received. The papers say that Anna Shaw and Susan B. Anthony have returned from California with their feathers drooping, she said. ...

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47. 5 December 1896: Article by ECS: The Woman’s Bible

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pp. 113-115

The criticisms on this book are as varied as they are unreasonable.1 Both friend and foe object to the title. When John Stuart Mill2 wrote his “Subjection of Woman” there was a great howl against that title. He said that proved it to be a good one. The critics said: “It will suggest to women that they are in subjection, or make them rebellious.” ...

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48. 24 December 1896: SBA to Lillie Devereux Blake

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pp. 115-116

It is a shame that yours of Nov 23d was not duly answered—and that I failed to call on you—going or returning through New York— I reached there Saturday evening spent night at my cousins1—called Mrs Stanton’s on Sunday—& also on my nephew just moved there2—then went to Bensonhurst— ...

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49. 4 January 1897: SBA to Caroline Bartlett Crane

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pp. 117-

Your New Year's Eve—announcement brought great surprise to me— but to my ejaculation Sister Mary said you had told her of your agitation of mind on the subject—when you were here last spring—after I had left for California— ...

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50. c. 8 January 1897: SBA to ECS

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pp. 118-119

N.B.—Just to think of the work that will not be well done—the right word on Mary Grew2—Mrs Cooper3 & lots of others— the work is placed in Mrs Colby’s hands— So it was last year—after you refused—but in her usual hurry—she didn’t get time to do it well—as she is capable!!4 ...

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51. 29 January 1897: Meeting of the National-American Woman Suffrage Association

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pp. 119-123

A discussion followed on the question, “Resolved, That the propaganda of the woman suffrage idea demands a non-partisan attitude on the part of individual workers.” It was led by Miss Clay1 in the affirmative and Mr. Blackwell in the negative. ...

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52. 13 February 1897: ECS to SBA

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pp. 124-126

Dear Miss Anthony: For noble Frederick Douglass2 I have varied memories; sad for all he suffered from cruel prejudices against his race and the insults to his proud nature; and pleasant for the tender love and friendship of his noble soul. I loved him as he loved me, for the indignities we alike endured. ...

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53. 21 February 1897: Remarks by SBA to Cuban Hospital Relief Association

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pp. 127-128

At the conclusion of Major Benton’s1 remarks Miss Susan B. Anthony, who was seated on the platform, was called upon by the audience, which would not cease its applause until she had made a few remarks. Miss Anthony finally advanced to the speaker’s table and said: ...

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54. 26 February 1897: SBA to Rachel Foster Avery

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pp. 128-132

I am just in receipt of a telegram from South Dakota saying that the Legislature has passed the amendment resolution, so now we shall have to turn in and help that State all we possibly can.1 I also have a letter from Senator Stratton of California, saying he is confident the Legislature will pass the resolution for resubmission.2 ...

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55. 12 March 1897: SBA to Elizabeth Smith Miller

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pp. 132-133

Your lovely note, enclosing some of my scribbles from 1869 up to 1888, is here this morning. Many thanks for them.1 I have marked the envelope “To be returned to Mrs. Miller,” as you request. ...

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56. 27 March 1897: Theodore Tilton to ECS

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pp. 134-135

After our modest carousal was ended, I was solemnized into a religious frame of mind by reading in a Boston newspaper your recent essay on Ruth and Boaz.3 ...

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57. 8 April 1897: SBA to Frances E. Willard

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pp. 135-136

Yours of the 6th inst. came duly. You will have seen in yesterday morning’s “Democrat and Chronicle,” or in last night’s “Post Express,” my reply to poor Phoebe’s insane pronunciamento.1 I think it would be wicked in me to have a public combat with the poor, unjointed body and mind of that once-brilliant girl. ...

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58. 2 May 1897: Article by ECS: Recalled by the Grant Pageant

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pp. 137-139

The approaching pageant on April 27, in which as a nation we are to pay our last tribute of respect to Gen. Grant,1 who carried our civil war to a successful termination, recalls to my mind a similar event which took place in Paris fifty-six years ago, when the remains of the great Napoleon arrived there from the island of St. Helena.2 ...

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59. 9 May 1897: SBA to Lydia Avery Coonley Ward

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pp. 140-141

I learn from Mrs Greenleaf2 that you are coming to Mrs Gannetts3 this week— My sister & I want to put in our claim for a visit from you and ↑your↓ newly chosen one—while you are in the city— I shall go to see you as soon as I know of your arrival—for I do want to see you once more— ...

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60. 26 May 1897: SBA to Daniel R. Anthony

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pp. 141-143

I am just in receipt of letter from the Berkshire County Historical Society1—saying they have voted to hold their annual summer meeting—a sort of pic-nic—in the door-yard of our Grand-father Anthony2—on Thursday— July 29th— They had a large meeting there two years ago—& tried to get me there—but I couldn’t go— ...

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61. June 1897: Article by ECS: Reading the Bible in the Public Schools

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pp. 143-150

To clearly understand each other in the discussion of questions in regard to religion,1 writers must have some common ideas as to the ground covered by the science of religion. While some claim that it has nothing to do with theology, and others that it has nothing to do with morality, ...

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62. 30 June 1897: ECS to Margaret Bryan Shelby

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pp. 150-151

Dear Mrs. Shelby:—The first thought that always strikes me in celebrating the Fourth of July is the great work our fathers accomplished in laying the foundation stones of a republic and our duty to see that the principles they enunciated are fully realized. ...

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63. 29 July 1897: Speech by SBA to Berkshire County Historical Society

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pp. 151-158

“Good friends, one part of my work a few years ago was in association with Mrs. Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Mrs. Matilda Joslyn Gage gathering up the stories of the work of women, especially of the women of this country and the women of this age and putting them on record in a book entitled ‘The History of Woman Suffrage.’ ...

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64. 23 August 1897: SBA to Elizabeth Smith Miller

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pp. 158-160

Your Post Card of Saturday came yesterday after church—when my sister Mary called at Post Office on her way home as is her wont— Marietta Holley’s1 P.O. address is Adams—Jefferson County—N.Y.— I heard a good deal of ↑her when at the Thousand Islands↓ from the wife of Rev Asa Saxe2 of this city ...

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65. 7 September 1897: SBA to ECS

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pp. 160-161

I have rejoiced all day long that the sun had lessened its scorchings—1 It was so fearfully hot yesterday when I reached home—that I felt like telegraphing not to start for New York this morning—but my first thought this a.m. was how much cooler & how much nicer for Mrs Stanton ...

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66. 8 September 1897: SBA to Anna H. Shaw

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pp. 161-164

I found yours of Sept. 3, from Shenandoah, on my arrival home from Geneva, Monday afternoon.1 I had a good visit with Mrs. Stanton and Mrs. Miller. Miss Mills had been there, and Mrs. Miller has invited the New York State Convention to Geneva.2 So now Miss Mills is after you. ...

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67. c. 21 September 1897: ECS to Clara Bewick Colby, with enclosures

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pp. 165-168

Dont fail to read this letter & present these resolutions at the Nebraska convention & publish both in The Woman’s Tribune before you go.1 I have talked to many leading men this summer & find them all in favor of an educational qualification & hope that women will take the lead in the agitation. ...

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68. 28 September 1897: Isabel Howland to SBA

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pp. 168-169

The wife of the manager of the Tuskegee Institute is a most enthusiastic suffragist and a very bright and capable woman. She wrote to you once, Adella H. Logan.2 She is the daughter of a Confederate officer and her father3 used to talk politics to her when she was a little girl. ...

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69. 5 October 1897: SBA to Isabel Howland

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pp. 170-172

To yours of the 28th let me say, I would be delighted to have a representative of the colored race of the South speak at our Fiftieth Anniversary celebration and also before the Congressional committee. ...

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70. 10 October 1897: Isabel Howland to SBA

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pp. 172-173

I can see how you feel about Mrs. Logan and I suppose it is so. She had a paper at the Atlanta Colored Conference which took very well indeed, but not having heard her speak I cannot vouch for her. As Aunt Emily says, we know she is a gifted woman but we do not know that she would be all that you would want. ...

71. 20 October 1897: Verse by ECS for daughter’s birthday

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pp. 173-

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72. 29 October 1897: ECS to Harriot Stanton Blatch

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pp. 174-

As I date this letter I am impressed with the idea of the swift running of time. I wrote some rhymes for Maggie’s forty-fifth birthday. At that age, I had seven children, all life’s hard experiences upon me, my home on the outskirts of the town, no sidewalks, mud up to the hub, poor servants, ...

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73. November 1897: Article by ECS: Two Valuable Gifts

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pp. 174-175

Miss Julia McClintock1 of Philadelphia has just sent me the table on which the Woman’s Declaration of Rights and the resolutions were written which were presented at the convention in Seneca Falls, July 19, 1848. This was the first organized protest made by women against their civil and political disabilities.2 ...

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74. 16 November 1897: Mary S. Anthony to SBA

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pp. 176-177

Your letter from Wendell’s1 office here yesterday— I send you this lamentation from Mrs Howell,2 that if there yet be time, & a scarcity of speakers as Mrs Harper thinks, you may still soothe the sorrow of the writer— Mrs Harper seems to think she has just cause to complain, ...

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75. 26 November 1897: ECS to Elizabeth Root

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pp. 177-178

It gives me great pleasure to hear that the women of Geneva are forming a club for political study, and thus preparing themselves for their duties as citizens of a Republic. ...

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76. 1 December 1897: SBA to ECS

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pp. 179-181

I am just home. I went through the five conferences Minneapolis, Madison, Chicago, Grand Rapids and Toledo—all of which might be called successful, but Minneapolis overtopped the others. I was gone sixteen nights, and spent six of them in sleeping cars, and now I am at home again, alive and hard at work, ...

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77. 27 December 1897: ECS to Lucinda Hinsdale Stone

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pp. 181-182

I was very glad to get a line from you after so many years of separation But I have not forgotten the pleasant days I passed under your roof & our exciting campaign in Michigan. It would be a great satisfaction to me to talk over the situation with you, & what seems to be our next step in progress. ...

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78. 29 December 1897: John Swinton to ECS

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pp. 182-

I dreamed of you last night,—dreamed that I saw you standing upon a huge rock, in a boundless desert, discoursing upon righteousness and the judgment to come,—dreamed that you were in the prime of life, and spoke loftily,—dreamed that, as I had dropped all my [clo’?] in the farthest corner of the vast Esplanade, ...

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79. 1 January 1898: ECS to SBA

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pp. 183-

Enclosed find a beautiful steel engraving of the Father of your Country.1 That calm complacent smile indicative of repose, so marked a characteristic of the immortal Washington seems to welcome your look of admiration ...

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80. 18 January 1898: SBA to Rachel Foster Avery

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pp. 184-185

Here is another blast from Mrs. Blake. I have not answered it because I did not feel like it this morning.1 I wish she thought more about helping to make the Convention a grand success than about getting herself properly represented among the men in Congress. ...

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81. 26 January 1898: ECS to Theodore W. Stanton

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pp. 185-186

Paris appears to be in such a state of upheaval that I fear you may be kidnapped! What ails your people? We get most startling accounts of fights in the Chamber of Deputies.1 What are you doing, thinking, preparing? ...

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82. 26 January 1898: Frances E. Willard to SBA

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pp. 186-188

I am rejoiced that you are going to take account of the press.2 Until we can get its falsities amended little will be achieved beyond the present status. Men rule the press; they set forth women in it under the two qualities of good looks and good clothes, both for the purpose of pleasing the men. ...

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83. 14 February 1898: Remarks by SBA to the National-American Woman Suffrage Association

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pp. 188-190

One of the most gratifying things to me is to meet friends whom I have not seen for thirty or forty years, and have them say, “You don’t look a day older!” When I was young I looked very old, and so I cannot change. I feel very young to-night, because I am not a pioneer. ...

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84. 14 February 1898: Address by ECS: “Our Defeats and Our Triumphs”

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pp. 190-202

It is both a pleasant and painful task to review fifty years of one’s life devoted to a great reform with its varied defeats and triumphs, while the main object is not yet attained. ...

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85. 17? February 1898: Helen Appo Cook to SBA

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pp. 203-206

My Dear Miss Anthony: I was born to an inheritance of appreciation and sympathy for the cause of woman’s rights, my mother3 before me being so ardent a supporter of its doctrines that I felt myself, in a measure, identified with it. Among my earliest recollections are the Sunday afternoon meetings, held at the home of Lucretia Mott, …

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86. 28 February 1898: ECS to the Editors, Woman’s Journal

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pp. 206-208

There is nothing more sacred than the memories of a great soul, that has just passed into the unknown.1 One pauses for language more refined and reverent than that in daily use, while the companion of angels may be watching and waiting to see what the mortal hand may pen. ...

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87. 8 March 1898: ECS to Olivia Bigelow Hall

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pp. 209-

Have you read my Book “Eighty years & more”? If so will you not push its sale in your state, by notices in your papers. I am asking my rich friends to take five or ten copies & give them to their impecunious relatives & neighbors. You can get them direct from me, at $2.00 a copy.2 ...

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88. 25 April 1898: SBA to Jane Lathrop Stanford

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pp. 210-213

Your letter containing the autograph of your dear husband1 came duly, and not only Mr. Stanford’s but yours also will go into my book. The nicely typewritten copy of the entire fifty chapters, together with the preface, were snugly packed in a box last Friday night and started on their way to the publisher, ...

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89. 9 May 1898: ECS to Marietta Holley

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pp. 213-

I send you my book “Eighty years & more” just published. I see you are about to publish a book on the rights of children. What I suffered in childhood from fear of parents teachers God & the Devil may give you some hints. Read my chapters on Babies & Divorce & show that the first right every baby has is to be well borne.1

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90. 11 May 1898: SBA to Business Committee

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pp. 213-216

First. That for the same reason we threw up the New England conferences— the war—we cannot see into next year and decide wisely when and where to hold our convention outside of Washington.2 What looks best now may be the very worst thing when the war is over, so I say let the decision wait, at least until after the November elections. ...

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91. 17 May 1898: ECS to Wendell P. Garrison

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pp. 216-218

Sir: While thanking you for the space you have given in your columns to a review of my book “Eighty Years and More,” and for your comments, so fair in the main, I ask still more space to correct a statement misleading to your readers and unjust to me.2 ...

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92. 21 May 1898: Article by ECS: War or Peace

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pp. 218-222

Many women feel aggrieved just now that they have had no voice in declaring war with Spain, or in effectively protesting against it as those in authority.1 They seem to think that if they had the right of suffrage they could exert an influence in favor of arbitration and still further attempts at diplomacy. ...

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93. 24 May 1898: Florence Kelley to ECS

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pp. 222-224

I was very sorry, indeed, not to be able to avail myself of Mrs. Lawrence’s kind invitation to call upon you during my brief stay in New York. I was leaving the next day, after the Consumers’ League meeting2 and was only able to go with my mother,3 who is very lame, to her train for Philadelphia, and then catch my own train for Chicago. ...

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94. 27 May 1898: SBA to Business Committee

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pp. 224-235

Since sending out my letter of May 11 to the committee, expressing my opinion as to time and place of holding our next convention, moving it over to the spring and taking it permanently away from the capital of the nation, I have received letters touching upon these and other points from every member except Miss Laura Clay, ...

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95. 30 May 1898: SBA to Elizabeth Smith Miller

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pp. 235-237

Yours of May 25th, enclosing the speech made by your father on Cuba, a quarter of a century ago, came duly.1 I read every word of that appeal, and was made to feel ashamed that I knew so little of the ten years war on the part of those liberty-loving Cubans. ...

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96. 14 June 1898: Robert K. Beach to SBA

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pp. 238-239

Possibly I may be the first to bring to you the news that the University of Rochester Trustees at their annual meeting this afternoon adopted a resolution opening the doors of the college to young women students. I have not yet received text of the resolution, but understand that this action permits young women ...

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97. 9 July 1898: Article by ECS: Bible as a Moral Guide

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pp. 239-241

Philosophers have always differed as to whether the moral sense was innate, or depended wholly upon education and environment.1 I think that the rudiments of all our powers, perceptions, sentiments and emotions are all parts of our original organization. ...

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98. 30 July 1898: ECS to Clara Bewick Colby

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pp. 241-243

I am spending the summer up on the Connecticut hills ↑and my address post-office is Washington↓ I came here early in June & shall stay until the middle of September. I will try & send you something ↑for the Tribune↓ from to time. Check received & sent to Robert. ...

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99. 10 September 1898: Article by ECS: Woman’s Position in the Bible

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pp. 243-244

The commentators have done the best they could, considering the character of the text. Many passages, relating to woman in the Pentateuch, were found too coarse and obscene, even, for mention, and if those referred to in the Woman’s Bible are coarse and inelegant, the text is responsible; ...

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100. 4 October 1898: ECS to Victoria Woodhull Martin

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pp. 244-245

My daughter Mrs. Stanton Blatch meant to have submitted the accompanying article to you before leaving England, but unavoidable circumstances prevented her doing so.2 Her friend Mrs. Jane Brownlow3 has undertaken to see you. ...

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101. 7 October 1898: Remarks by SBA to meeting on coeducation

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pp. 246-247

“I do not know how it happened,” she said, “that the Baptists, always so liberal to women, shut out women from their colleges. They allow women liberty in prayer meetings and to vote at church meetings. I think it is just an accident that they did not open Rochester University to her. ...

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102. 14 October 1898: Marietta Holley to ECS

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pp. 247-248

I saw by the paper last night that you have returned to New York, so I write you at once. I did not know your summer address. I have wanted to tell you what I think of “Eighty Years and More.” ...

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103. 14 October 1898: Robert G. Ingersoll to ECS

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pp. 248-249

We have been moving—working day and night and Mondays— Of course we are going to see you in your new home where the whole world and a part of New Jersey are visible.2 We all want to see Mrs Blatch and all are glad that she is with you. ...

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104. 30 October 1898: SBA to Emmeline Woodward Wells

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pp. 249-

I wish I could get my word to every loyal woman suffrage woman in Utah, begging her not to cast her vote for Roberts2—not because he is a Republican, Democrat or Populist—but because he is an opponent of political equality for women! ...

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105. 2 December 1898: SBA to ECS

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pp. 250-253

This day—Dec 2d—is made historic—because of the burning down of dear old Corinthian Hall—in which Phillips & Curtis,1 Theodore Parker & Henry Ward Beecher—Emerson & Starr King—Chapin & Cheever— Garrison & G. W. Thompson2 Douglass & Pillsbury3—Mrs Rose & Mrs Stanton—Mrs Nichols & Aunt Fanny Gage— ...

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106. c. 4 December 1898: ECS to SBA

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pp. 253-

Bob Hattie & I read last night until after eleven. I feared it might be prosey, but it is fresh & breezy. Miss ↑Mrs↓ H. has done well & so [in margin] have you

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107. 7 December 1898: SBA to Ida Husted Harper

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pp. 253-255

Your letter of last Saturday came yesterday—and I read & re-read it— and was going to argue the question of newspaper work—but this mornings despatches of the Hawaian Commissions report for ↑the↑ provisional government of that new U.S. territory to be based on sex regardless of intelligence— ...

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108. 17 December 1898: SBA to Clara Bewick Colby

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pp. 256-257

Yours of late from Washington is here— I wonder if when I am under the sod—or cremated & floating in the air—I shall have stir you & others up— How can you not be on fire—when the Senate Foreign or Territorial Com—are considering the Hawaiian Commissions damnable proposition to restrict the right to vote & hold office to “male citizens”? ...

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109. c. 23 December 1898: SBA to Anna H. Shaw

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pp. 257-259

I want—also—a full understanding as to what Rachel is to do about her office & salary next year—what Mrs Catt intends to do— you see it is of no use to plan Press Bureau ↑Head Quarters↓—or anything—unless we know who are to man our ship of state— ...

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110. 1 January 1899: Diary of SBA

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pp. 259-

Sun., Jan. 1, 1899. Arrived in New York at 10 a.m. Train three hours late— Went cousin S. V. Laphams—found Mr G. W. Catt1 waiting for me there— met warm welcome— took cup of coffee & light breakfast—then went with Mr Catt to their home—Bensonhurst—taking fully two hours ...

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111. 2 January 1899: SBA et al. to the House Committee on Elections

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pp. 259-261

Whereas, Brigham H. Roberts, the Congressman-elect from Utah, is avowedly living in polygamy contrary to law, and is credibly reported to have taken another wife since the admission of Utah, contrary to the pledges made by his State to the Nation; and ...

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112. 2–6 January 1899: Diary of SBA

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pp. 261-263

Mon. Jan. 2, 1899. At Bensonhurst— Business Com. began work in real earnest this A.M. & kept it going until dinner, then until supper, then until 10 p.m— Rachel & Harriet as usual slept or lay awake together—hence were sleepy all the day— Mr Catt went to Office in New York—& returned full of aches— ...

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113. 7 January 1899: SBA to Robert R. Hitt

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pp. 263-264

This morning’s Tribune2 says your Com. is to report on the Hawaii Constitution early in the week3—and talks about the danger of establishing bad precedents on matters of commerce—all very well—but I want to beg of you not to make the fatal precedent of a sex-line for voting & holding office— ...

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114. 7–13 January 1899: Diary of SBA

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pp. 264-267

Sat. Jan. 7, 1899. In New York—and this one with Mattie & niece Guelma1—& Arthur Jr’s wife2—at nephew A. A. Moshers— Guelma left about 4 p.m. to go to Orange—Geo. A. Vails—3 She sings in Cong. church there— Nephew Harry A. Baker did not get home to dinner—4 Miss Powell—cousin S’s companion & house-keeper came for me— ...

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115. 14 January 1899: ECS and SBA: Open Letter to Thomas B. Reed

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pp. 268-269

The marked feature in the legislation of the present century has been the growing liberality of our laws for women, until in four States they have been crowned with all the rights of American citizens. The women of Hawaii should be accorded the highest position occupied by any in the United States. ...

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116. 14 January 1899: Diary of SBA

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pp. 269-

Sat. Jan. 14, 1899. At home Sister Mary & Annie both up this a.m—& Sister Mary discharged the nurse— all wrong—but that is her way—and it costs me too much feeling to insist against it— So we are left with two convalescents & one good-for-nothing to look on!!

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117. 15 January 1899: Appeal: Petition for Women of Hawaii

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pp. 270-271

The undersigned earnestly pray your honorable body that in the proposed government for our newly acquired territories you recognize for women the highest position of citizenship yet attained in this republic. ...

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118. 15 January 1899: Diary of SBA

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pp. 271-

Sun. Jan. 15, 1899. At home— Went to Church— Had calls in p.m. so did not get down town for the N.Y. Sun until 8 P.M— then bought 5 copies at The Powers Hotel1—& found Mrs Harper’s article—but Mrs Stanton’s & my petition & appeal before it—with the heading “The Cause of Woman”—very good—but too weak!! ...

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119. Before 13 February 1899: ECS to the Editor, New York Sun

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pp. 272-273

To the Editor of The Sun—Sir: It is asked why women should be exempt from capital punishment. Because they have no voice in the laws, no representation in the Government. This is a “male oligarchy.” Men make the laws and compel women to abide by them. Men decide what deeds are criminal, drag women into their courts to be tried by juries of men, ...

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120. c. 4 March 1899: Interview with ECS

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pp. 273-275

Besides criticising the politics of the later-day suffragists, Mrs. Elizabeth Cady Stanton is bitter against them for taking up the Roberts matter at the National Council in Washington two weeks ago.2 “They had no right to do it,” she declared in an interview on the subject. “It was in poor taste and it showed poorer judgment. ...

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121. 6 March 1899: Henry B. Blackwell to SBA

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pp. 275-

Next week’s Woman’s Journal will contain my review of Mrs. Harper’s memoir of yourself and your work for the Woman Suffrage cause.1 In making it, I have felt it due to the truth of history to state briefly, but distinctly, the causes of the division between the National and American societies. ...

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122. 9 March 1899: William F. Channing to ECS

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pp. 276-278

I received with much pleasure the copy of the Investigator which you sent me, containing your paper on “Homogeneous divorce.”1 (Is Divorce ever homogeneous?) I agree, of course, with all that you say so well. I have just completed my seventy ninth, & entered my eightieth year. ...

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123. 15 March 1899: SBA to Mary Hutcheson Page

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pp. 279-280

Our National treasurer—Mrs Upton—has just written me that you & your Committee have contributed $500— and more to help our Organizer Mrs C. C. Catt work with the Legislatures of Oklahoma & Arizona to secure the suffrage for their women this winter—2 It was splendid of you to thus specify the place & way for your money to be used ...

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124. 17 March 1899: SBA to Clara Bewick Colby

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pp. 280-281

But dont—I beg of you say one word about him in your paper—let him have all the fun by himself— neither Mrs Stanton nor Mrs Harper is going to say a word back— Let him alone— Lovingly ...

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125. 27 April 1899: Speech by SBA to the National-American Woman Suffrage Association [Contains Image Plates]

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pp. 281-287

Since our last Convention, the area of disfranchisement in the possessions of the United States has been greatly enlarged; the Government has undertaken to furnish provisional governments for Hawaii and the Philippine Islands, Cuba and Porto Rico. ...

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126. 3 May 1899: Resolution by ECS for the National-American Woman Suffrage Association

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pp. 288-289

Whereas: During the period of reconstruction, the popular cry was “this is the negro’s hour,” when Republicans and Abolitionists alike insisted that woman’s claim to the suffrage must be held in abeyance until the negro was safe beyond peradventure.1 ...

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127. 3 May 1899: Interview with ECS

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pp. 289-291

Elizabeth Cady Stanton, grand and stately and womanly in her eighty-fourth year, was found writing at her desk in her new home, the Stuart, Ninety-fourth street and Broadway, by an Evening World reporter. Like Abou Ben Adhem, the reporter asked “What writest thou?”1 ...

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128. 12 May 1899: SBA to Rachel Foster Avery

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pp. 291-294

Here is a letter just received from London, from which you will see that it is a fixed fact that the great Woman Suffrage meeting has been abandoned, and that I am simply to speak in a sectional meeting, handed over to the Suffrage Societies to manage.1 I have received no other notice about it; quite likely letters are on the way. ...

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129. 13 May 1899: SBA to Herbert S. Stone and Company

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pp. 295-296

Her very first words destroy the value of her philosophy; when she says that woman’s true thinking is done through the brain of man my only conclusion is that what she has produced in this book is simply the filtered thoughts of a man’s brain, therefore it is not woman’s philosophy or psychology ...

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130. 14 June 1899: ECS to Lillie Devereux Blake

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pp. 296-297

Since our last conversation my thoughts have often dwelt on you. I feel moved to write you what in my opinion is the best thing for you to do.1 You have not been treated by our young coadjutors with less consideration than I have been. They refused to read my letters and resolutions to the conventions. ...

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131. 14–22 June 1899: Diary of SBA

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pp. 298-300

Wed. June 14, 1899. On Steamer Menominee—passed through Straits of Dover—& made longest detour to get into the Thames River—then got aground in the mud—& passengers & baggage had to be transferred to tugs to be taken to some place—& thence train to Liverpool landing & station thence carriages to Hotels—1 ...

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132. 24 June 1899: Article by ECS: A Trailing Dress and No Pocket

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pp. 300-302

Behold the fashionably dressed woman hastening down the street to catch a car! In one hand she has her umbrella, pocket-book, card-case, fan, and pocket-handkerchief, and, with the other hand resting on her spine, she holds up her trail. Reaching the car, she drops her skirt, seizes the iron railing, and endeavors to step on; ...

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133. 21 July 1899: ECS to William Lloyd Garrison, Jr.

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pp. 302-303

I have read, marked & inwardly digested & still think that the isles of th[e] sea are better in our hand[s] than in Spain’s or any other nation’s. What would this continent have been if left to the Indians? would they ever ↑have↓ attained our present civilization? ...

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134. 22 July 1899: Article by ECS: The Woman’s Suffrage Association

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pp. 303-306

The success of the late Convention in Grand Rapids was, in my opinion, grievously compromised by the rejection of Mrs. Jackson’s resolution of protest against the treatment of the colored race in parts of the South, practically requiring the re-establishment of separate cars for whites and blacks. ...

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135. 26 July 1899: William Lloyd Garrison, Jr., to ECS

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pp. 306-307

Your letter of the 21st arrived simultaneously with the news of Col. Ingersoll’s death, which brought to mind the last time I saw you when we were at Dobbs Ferry, and you egged me into a discussion with him on protective tariff.1 It was a memorable evening and I often recall it. ...

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136. 23 October 1899: SBA to Clara Bewick Colby

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pp. 307-310

I suppose you have seen the “tempest in a teapot” occasioned by somebody’s making the announcement at the Pennsylvania convention in Philadelphia, that Miss Anthony was to retire from the presidency of the National Suffrage Association, and had appointed Mrs. Catt as her successor!!1 ...

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137. 31 October 1899: Samuel Gompers to SBA

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pp. 310-312

Your favor of the 27th inst., together with enclosed petition, came duly to hand;2 and I beg to assure you that I fully appreciate your courtesy in asking the co-operation of our organization for the purpose of further agitation and securing equal suffrage for women and men. You say that you propose starting out on new lines of agitation. ...

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138. 10 November 1899: Remarks by SBA to the New York State Federation of Women’s Clubs

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pp. 312-313

The warmest discussions of the week marked the closing hours of the fifth annual convention of the New York State Federation of Women’s Clubs this afternoon. The question of presenting resolutions touching the case of Brigham H. Roberts, the Mormon elder, has been discussed between sessions all the week. ...

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139. 12 November 1899: Emily Parmely Collins to ECS

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pp. 314-

In the not distant future when woman shall have come into her rightful heritage the 12th of November will be established as a national holiday as the 22nd of February is now held. And the 12th of November will be commemorated for as much larger reason than the 22nd of Feb. now is, ...

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140. c. 20 November 1899: Statement by ECS

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pp. 314-315

“Abraham, Isaac and Jacob were all polygamists, and the Pentateuch says nothing against it. I have charity for the Mormon, for he has the law of God on his side, as he interprets it. As Miss Anthony says, the Mormon lives up to his religious idea. The question is, does the Gentile do the same? ...

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141. 29 November 1899: SBA to Samuel Gompers

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pp. 315-317

Yours of the 22d inst. came duly.1 I have made a thorough hunt to find a copy of that old petition, but thus far have failed. Will you not write out a form which you think would be approved? I am very glad you prefer to make it simply cover a Sixteenth Amendment to secure equal political rights to the women of the United States and of the Territories. ...

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142. 2 February 1900: SBA to John F. Shafroth

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pp. 317-318

We are to have our hearing before the Judiciary Committee on the 13th inst—and should have a bill in their hands before that date— Trusting you will attend to this I am Very sincerely yours ...

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143. 4 February 1900: John F. Shafroth to SBA

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pp. 318-

Your letter of the 2nd inst. received. In reply thereto will say that at the opening of Congress, I introduced a joint resolution proposing a constitutional amendment, which provides that the right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex.1 ...

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144. 7 February 1900: Interview with ECS

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pp. 318-319

“I have no choice either way. Mrs. Blake is a woman of great force, and it is due to her that the cause has been kept alive in New York. She has been instrumental in getting many bills through the Legislature, and she has done splendid work for the last thirty years. ...

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145. 12 February 1900: Report and Remarks of SBA to the National-American Woman Suffrage Association

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pp. 319-321

Miss Anthony, in reporting for the Congressional Committee, made a good point when she said: “One reason why so little has been done by Congress is because none of us have remained here to watch our employees up at the Capitol. Nobody gets anything done by Congress or by a State Legislature unless they have some one on hand to watch. ...

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146. 13 February 1900: Testimony by ECS to the House Committee on Judiciary

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pp. 321-325

Honorable Gentlemen:—In adjusting the rights of citizens in our newly acquired possessions, the whole question of suffrage is again fairly open for discussion in the House of Representatives;1 and as some of the Southern States are depriving the colored man of the right of suffrage, and all the States, North and South, ...

147. 15 February 1900: Verse by ECS for SBA’s Birthday

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pp. 325-327

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148. March 1900: Article by ECS: Are Homogeneous Divorce Laws in All the States Desirable?

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pp. 327-333

There has been much discussion of late in regard to the necessity for an entire revision of the laws on divorce.1 For this purpose the State proposes a committee of learned judges, the Church another of distinguished bishops, to frame a national law which shall be endorsed by both Church and State.2 ...

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149. 12 March 1900: SBA to George F. Hoar

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pp. 333-335

I herewith enclose you a petition from the Bricklayers and Masons International Union of America, which represents fully sixty thousand voters in our different States and Territories, asking for women’s political equality in Hawaii and our other new possessions.2 ...

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150. Between 12 & 24 March 1900: ECS to Lillie Devereux Blake

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pp. 335-336

Your circular received. I consider this a very timely & important move2Of all the associations & clubs to day we have not one where all the vital interests of woman can be discussed. Send one of the circulars to Rev Antoinette Brown She has been treated very disrespectfully by Susans little cabinet of “girls.” ...

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151. 14 March 1900: George F. Hoar to SBA

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pp. 336-338

If attention had been publicly called to the matter of woman suffrage in Hawaii it is probable there would have been some legislation which would have not only prohibited it for the present, but have made it almost impossible to get it for a very long time in the future. ...

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152. 31 March 1900: SBA to Priscilla Bright McLaren

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pp. 338-340

I cannot forgive myself for having so long failed to write you. I think I did not even report to you my safe arrival home,1 nor have I written you a word since I learned of the death of your best-loved brother Jacob, though I received from you quotations from his good words.2 ...

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153. 15 April 1900: SBA to Laura Clay

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pp. 340-343

Here it is just two months since I rounded out my four score years— I little thought then—when told it was the illness of your noble mother1 that kept you away from us—that I should fail thus to write you. I do hope she is better—and that your hearts are lightened for a time at least— ...

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154. 3 May 1900: Remarks by SBA to the Political Equality Club

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pp. 344-345

Susan B. Anthony was present, and she spoke her mind about interference with the cause of women by men. She singled out Henry B. Blackwell, one of the editors of the Woman’s Journal of Boston, as the object of her attack. Miss Anthony said that when the question of a constitution for the Hawaiian islands arose ...

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155. 28 May 1900: Remarks by SBA to the New England Woman Suffrage Association

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pp. 345-346

Miss Anthony referred to a remark made by a previous speaker, that suffragists had now learned to use wiser methods than in the past. She said: “The women of to-day ought to be wiser and more persuasive than those of the past,—or what is the advantage of the higher education?—but as a matter of fact they are not. ...

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156. 3 June 1900: Article by ECS: M’Kinley and the Women

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pp. 346-348

In reply to this letter I would say, while I have no interest whatever in the success of the Republican party or the reelection of William McKinley, I would do my utmost to rouse the women of the nation to serious thought on the immense importance of their own emancipation, constituting as they do, one-half the people of the nation. ...

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157. 5 June 1900: Ida Husted Harper to ECS

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pp. 348-351

Your card is just received. Miss Anthony arrived at home last Saturday night, in spite of our utmost endeavors to persuade her to stay over for the suffrage convention in Brooklyn. The thought of the immense amount of work piled up here weighed on her mind so that she could not enjoy anything. ...

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158. 7 June 1900: SBA to Anna O. Anthony

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pp. 351-352

Your nice letter of yesterday came this A.M.— I read it to Aunt Mary— and we both give you our blessing—and wish that only the best results may come to both you & Mr Bacon in your marriage co-partnership. We shall surely welcome him into our circle of nephews most heartily; ...

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159. 11 June 1900: SBA to ECS

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pp. 352-353

Mrs. Harper has just read me your letter. I wonder whom you are going to visit at West Hampton,2 and after that you say you are to be at the beautiful old home of Sarah Hallock3 at Milton-on-the-Hudson. ...

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160. 25 July 1900: SBA to Mary McHenry Keith

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pp. 354-355

I have just come across your good letter of June 9th in which you report your speech and your talk on woman suffrage, and especially the good word that Mrs. Hearst1 told you that you had almost converted her.2...

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161. 3 September 1900: ECS to the Editor, New York Tribune

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pp. 355-357

To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: In reply to Miss Walbridge’s2strictures on co-education I would say, first, that co-education accomplishes the best results for boys and girls alike for the development of character. As the lifework of many individuals of both sexes is essentially the same, there is no reason why their education should differ. ...

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162. 8-11 September 1900: From the Diary of SBA

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pp. 357-361

Sat. Sept. 8, 1900. Mrs Bigelow1 came to talk to me about Fund—8,000 dollars were lacking—2 she sent for carriage—& I, with her, started out— called at Sarah L. Willis—got her $2,000— scholarship—to put with Sister Marys $2,000— scholarship—which made one half3 ...

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163. 6 October 1900: Josephine Shatz to SBA

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pp. 362-

Letters from home just received make clear what newspapers failed to, just how the strings were pulled which opened the University to our girls. As one interested deeply I want to express to you my personal gratitude for your efforts, & to assure you that whenever I shall feel discouraged this last act of yours shall be my inspiration ...

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164. 10 November 1900: Diary of SBA

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pp. 362-363

Sat. Nov. 10, 1900. Nine week to-day—since I started out to get the money—8,000— to finish the 50,000— for the opening of the college doors to girls— got it—by Mrs Willis—giving $2,000— Sister Mary $2,000— Mr Gannett—$1500— with Mrs G. 500— 2,000 and Mr Sam. Wilder guaranteeing the other $200—1 ...

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165. 11 November 1900: SBA to ECS

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pp. 363-364

A happy birth-day to you—there is something magic about eighty-five!! Glad you have reached it—hope you’ll stay yet many a year, blessed with all your children— Wish I could be with you tomorrow—but I am going to try and be equal to celebrating the birth day a month—yes a three weeks after the fair—1 ...

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166. 22 November 1900: SBA to Fannie Rosenberg Bigelow

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pp. 364-365

Owing to the fact that my health is not such as to warrant a great outlay of strength in any one direction, and the probabilities are that with increasing years it will not improve, my friends strenuously urge me to abandon my cherished plan of securing a large standing fund for the N.A.W.S.A. ...

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167. Before 28 November 1900: ECS to the Editor, New York Evening Post

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pp. 365-367

To the Editor of The Evening Post: Sir: It is a sad commentary on the acknowledged moral power of women, that in their various convocations they should manifest such petty prejudices, in trying to exclude negro women from their clubs and societies.2 It would be well for us to consider all it has cost our sires and sons to emancipate a race we had, ...

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168. 29 November 1900: ECS to the Editor, New York Sun

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pp. 367-370

To the Editor of The Sun—Sir: Ever and anon public thought is aroused on the question of prostitution: now, by a terrible tragedy like the one just enacted in Paterson,1 again, by some unusual, open manifestation of vice in the streets of our cities, now the Philippines or South Africa, one of the terrible adjuncts of war. ...

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169. 28 December 1900: SBA to Carrie Chapman Catt

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pp. 370-374

Yours of 26th is here this A.M. I do not ↑know↓ what to say about Dr Wood1 The trip you lay out for her seems good on paper—but when you remember she is not known—that no one who is not know can draw an audience in smallback-wood towns no larger than in the most cultivated parts—it look like paying money out of whole cloth—and getting very little for it! ...

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170. 1 January 1901: Interview with SBA

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pp. 374-378

“Many aspersions have been cast upon the so-called ‘new woman,’” said Miss Anthony yesterday to a reporter of this paper, “as the outcome of these sensational charges.1 It has been said that if this is the result of giving the suffrage to women, and of all her boasted nineteenth century enlightenment and progress, ...

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171. 2 January 1901: SBA to L. Burt Anthony

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pp. 378-379

I am beginning my new year by answering long-neglected letters. Yours before me is dated “10th Month, 27th,” and I think I have received one since, which I have sent to your mother or Lucy to read. ...

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172. 19 January 1901: Book Review by ECS: Life and Letters of Thomas Huxley

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pp. 380-381

This has been, to me, one of the most interesting and profitable books that I have read during the past year. Besides the amount of general information it contains, the many striking characters introduced, and the prominence given to the great question of evolution, the study of such a remarkably upright, harmonious and transparent character as that of Huxley, ...

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173. 2 February 1901: ECS to the Editor, New York Sun

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pp. 381-383

To the Editor of the Sun—Sir: One of the most important lessons for the people of a republic to learn is respect for and obedience to law. Here, where we have no king, queen, or royal family to revere, law is the only monarch for us to reverence and obey; all resistance to its behests threatens the safety and stability of our government; ...

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174. 15 February 1901: ECS to Booker T. Washington

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pp. 383-384

In reading “The Outlook,” from week to week, I always turn first to your deeply interesting “Reminiscences”1 There is a mistake in the last number which I hope you will be sure to correct in the published volumn. My son’s name is Theodore, who graduated a few years ago from Cornell University; ...

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175. 19 February 1901: ECS to Lillie Devereux Blake

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pp. 384-386

It is a good sign of the growing popularity of the woman suffrage movement that so many new organizations are being formed in New York for specific work in various directions. The pioneers in starting advocated what all these associations now propose, and labored assiduously for each, appealing in turn with popular lectures and constitutional arguments to the people, ...

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176. 27 February 1901: SBA to Alice Alt Pickler

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pp. 386-387

I hear that you are elected president. I hope you will stick to the helm of the ship come what may. We want the right woman in the right place when the next submission comes and you are that woman in my opinion. ...

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177. 4 March 1901: SBA to William Van Benthuysen

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pp. 387-388

Your congratulations on my eighty-first birthday were received with pleasure. I hope I shall have just so many, and no more, years as my work can be of the useful kind. ...

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178. 8 March 1901: SBA to Fannie Rosenberg Bigelow

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pp. 389-390

I think your birthday gift to me was the two American Beauty Roses, which bedecked our parlors, February 15th, 1901. They lasted a whole week and more and were beautiful.1 ...

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179. Before 9 March 1901: ECS to the Editors, Woman’s Journal

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pp. 390-392

The sentiments of men in high places are responsible for the terrible outrages on woman in the haunts of vice and on the highway. We cannot estimate the widespread demoralization, when a man like Dr. Abbott1 travels to another State to deprive women of their inalienable rights, of all those blessings which he prizes so highly for himself. ...

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180. 2 April 1901: ECS to Harriot Stanton Blatch

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pp. 392-393

Maggie & Nora are invited to to Mrs Nathans1 Sunday evening to dine at 7 o’clock This week has been Blessed Babe’s vacation & she has had some amusement every day2 She & Maggie have been to several games at all of which [these?] gymnasts [were?] beaten. ...

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181. 11 April 1901: Ida Husted Harper to ECS

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pp. 393-396

I am amazed that you cannot see why the impression should go forth that you and she are antagonistic, and you are only begging the question when you assume that it is simply because your name stands as an officer in Mrs. Blake’s association.2 That in itself is sufficient, but the public formed this opinion a year ago last winter, ...

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182. 14 April 1901: SBA to Clara Bewick Colby

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pp. 396-397

If Mrs Stanton sends you a copy of her letter to me—relative to what the papers say about her name standing at the head of Mrs Blak’s new society ↑Dont Publish it↓—! You know that the papers have said Mrs Stanton heads one branch of the suffragists and Miss Anthony the other— ...

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183. May 1901: Article by ECS: Rich and Poor

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pp. 398-399

A plump old gentleman in spectacles and slippers, sitting before a bright grate fire, reading his evening paper after a good dinner, possessing a pleasant home, broad acres, plenty of bonds, stocks and mortgages, is about as complacent a sight as one can behold. ...

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184. 18 May 1901: Speech by SBA to the Rochester Council of Women

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pp. 400-

“What does this conference mean? In the city of Rochester there are forty different societies federated together; in the nation there are twenty national organizations combined, and there are eleven international societies banded in the same union. ...

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185. 3 July 1901: SBA to Catharine Waugh McCulloch

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pp. 401-403

After arriving home, Sunday night, June 30th, after a most unprecedented hot day on the cars, getting a bath and taking a sleep, I sat down to my pile of letters and papers on Monday morning, and among them I find yours of June 20th.1 ...

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186. 25 July 1901: ECS to Elizabeth Boynton Harbert

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pp. 403-405

I have reproduced it from memory, but you have the idea There may be a choice expression here or there that I have forgotten3 If you can improve it making it more artistic, make another copy for the artist.4 I can no longer see to write and dictating is quite another thing from writing with the pen in your own hand. ...

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187. 4 August 1901: SBA to Anna E. Dann

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pp. 405-406

Well—how did you get through the day yesterday— No Postal was in the mail this noon—so we don’t know yet whether Mrs Harper met you— nor how you got on— But we believe well—1 Margaret said last night “It is so lonesome”—“Ill bet Anna is lonesome to night”— ...

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188. 16 August 1901: SBA to Anna E. Dann

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pp. 407-408

Your letter is splendid— I enjoyed your museum trip with you—& the Obeleisk & all— Well drink it all in—go to the Head quaters & see Mrs Catt—and take a look from her windows—1 I talk as if you had nothing but to go sight-seeing— I know you wont neglect a single thing there is to do— ...

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189. 27 August 1901: SBA to Anna E. Dann

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pp. 408-409

Another week has gone by—we both went to Silver Lake on Friday—1 I thought of you—but it proved a rainy day—so there wasn’t so much fun in it—nor so very many people— Mary came home with Miss Shaw & Harriet May Mills—and I stopped at Wyoming and staid until yesterday— ...

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190. August 1901: John C. Norton to ECS

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pp. 410-411

Dear Mrs. Stanton:—You will excuse me for writing and telling you how much I have enjoyed reading “Eighty Years and More” and the “Woman’s Bible.” I have read them three times and shall read them many times more. I find something new in them every time. I lend them to whoever will read them; some refuse for fear of shattering their faith. ...

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191. 6 November 1901: SBA to Henry A. Baker

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pp. 411-412

When I returned home last Friday and found the announcement of your marriage with Miss Clara Lucretia Anderson1 I was indeed very much surprised. I am very glad that your old bachelorship has found a companion for his loneliness. ...

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192. 13 November 1901: ECS to Theodore W. Stanton

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pp. 412-413

Your flowers and books and other gifts and missives from different friends come duly to hand.1 The first thing early in the morning was a cablegram from England followed by letters and presents from all parts of the country. My parlor looked like a flower garden. ...

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193. 27 November 1901: SBA to William C. Gannett

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pp. 413-

I notice that at the Union Thanksgiving service1 you are to speak on the subject “The Power of Organized Womanhood.” I expect to be present on this occasion and it hardly seems necessary for me to suggest to you that “Organized Womanhood” can never reach its highest “Power” until it is strengthened by the possession of the ballot. ...

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194. 5 December 1901: Article by ECS: Education Will Do It

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pp. 413-415

In starting, I would say of the negro just what Shakespeare says of the Jew in “The Merchant of Venice”: “Hath not the negro eyes? Hath not a negro hands, organs, dimensions, senses, affections, passions fed with the same food, hurt with the same weapons, subject to the same diseases, healed by the same means, ...

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195. 15 December 1901: SBA to Emily Howland

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pp. 416-418

Your good note of Dec 12th came duly— I think $25— will do for the first payment—though I can’t tell yet what the other women will contribute—1 But—I have the Vol. IV— of the History to publish & don’t know where the money is coming from—with which to do it— ...

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196. 20 January 1902: M. Carey Thomas to SBA

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pp. 418-419

I hope you understand that our great wish is to have you address the students at the college and that Mrs. Florence Fenwick Miller’s address at the same time is of secondary importance,2 so that, if the date selected by Mrs. Catt for Mrs. Miller to accompany you to Bryn Mawr is inconvenient to you, ...

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197. 22 January 1902: ECS to the Editor, New York Evening Post

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pp. 420-421

To the Editor of the Evening Post, Sir: A class of tolerably-well-educated college graduates, among some of our leading men in Church and State, have grown perfectly hysterical on the question of sex, so afraid are they that the feminine element in humanity is about to be wholly obliterated; ...

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198. 26 January 1902: ECS to Ida Husted Harper

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pp. 421-

Every time I have read one of your articles, I have said, these should be put in a permanent form. To-day this feeling is so strong that I am impelled to conjure you to do this work the moment that you escape from Susan’s grip! You have touched every vital point of our movement, ...

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199. 12 February 1902: Remarks by SBA to the First International Woman Suffrage Conference

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pp. 422-423

I hardly know what to say, but I certainly give a most cordial welcome to these women from foreign shores. They are ahead of us in some things; in some countries of Europe women have more suffrage than we. ...

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200. 18 February 1902: Remarks of SBA to the Senate Committee

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pp. 423-425

Miss Anthony. Mr. Chairman1 and gentlemen of the committee,2 this is the seventeenth Congress that has been addressed by the women of this nation. That means that we have been coming to Congress thirty-three years. In 1887 the Senate brought the bill to a discussion and to a vote.3 ...

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201. 19 February 1902: Remarks by SBA to the National Council of Women

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pp. 425-

I see before me the face of the president of the first International Council of Women, (Frances Willard), and I believe that if she could see this gathering of representative women she would rejoice. I am in sympathy with all these movements, but I hope that when you get through with the temperance work and social purity, ...

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202. 27 February 1902: Remarks by SBA to the National Congress of Mothers

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pp. 426-427

A ripple of applause broke out as Miss Susan B. Anthony came up the aisle, and every woman in the house rose to her feet and gave her the Chautauqua salute of waving handkerchiefs. Miss Anthony was introduced by Mrs. Birney1 in these words: ...

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203. 1 April 1902: SBA to Elizabeth Lowe Watson

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pp. 427-429

Your lovely birthday letter reached me duly— It was nice of you & Lulu to have that celebration at your house— I can see you all stepping about and Lulu reading her description of S. B. A— It was all very good—and you are very enterprising to get up such an entertainment on that occasion— ...

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204. 8 April 1902: ECS to Clara Bewick Colby

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pp. 429-430

She had been staying for a week or two in Atlantic City at one of the hotels since destroyed by fire. She awoke one night in the midst of a very vivid dream of being burned alive with no possible escape.2 ...

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205. 20 April 1902: Article by ECS: A Defence of Woman’s Tears

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pp. 430-432

I cannot agree with Professor Mélinand on many points mentioned in his article,1 and I am very glad to say that I have not found that all men, women and children are such artificial beings. ...

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206. 23 June 1902: SBA to Anna H. Shaw

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pp. 432-433

I wonder how you are, how Lucy is and all that? I dreamed last night that I met you and you said that Lucy had never been so well, and getting through her times so nicely.1 It seems that I must have had a letter from you the dream was so vivid. ...

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207. 15 September 1902: ECS to SBA

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pp. 433-434

I want you to take it on yourself to see that Hattie has an official invitation to attend the State Convention in Buffalo,2 and to all other important convocations in this State. ...

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208. 25 September 1902: Harriot Stanton Blatch to SBA

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pp. 434-435

I am so glad to be with Mother again. She has failed sadly since last spring, and needs Maggy or me to be near her constantly. I wish you could be in New York at the time of the 87th ↑birthday↓, as I’m sure there wont be another. Tomorrow Theodore is to arrive on the Savoie, so the “children” will all be at hand. ...

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209. 30 September 1902: ECS to Ida Husted Harper

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pp. 435-437

Your letter just received. As I was wide awake last night for hours, when I should have been asleep, I thought of you, and knowing how highly Susan appreciated your work I said to myself: “Now Mrs. Harper is just the person to edit my volumn of speeches and miscellaneous writings![”] ...

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210. September 1902: International Declaration of Principles

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pp. 437-440

We, the men and women assembled in the First International Woman Suffrage Conference, held in Washington, U.S.A., Feb. 12–18, 1902, do hereby declare our faith in the following principles: ...

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211. 10 October 1902: ECS to the Editor, New York Evening Post

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pp. 440-441

To the Editor of The Evening Post, Sir: In view of the recent judicial decision that the Bible shall not be read in the public schools of Nebraska,2 I suggest that inasmuch as the Bible degrades woman, and in innumerable passages teaches her absolute subjection to man in all relations, in the State, the Church, the home, and the whole world of work, ...

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212. 13 October 1902: Article by ECS: How Shall We Solve the Divorce Problem?

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pp. 441-446

Within the past few years a new interest has been awakened in questions relating to marriage and divorce, many of the ablest men in England, France and America recognizing the extreme importance of the subject.1 ...

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213. 15 October 1902: Florence Beeton Everett to ECS

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pp. 446-447

Todays ‘American’ has a half-page that should be framed or better still writ large or megaphoned everywhere—2 How many hearts today will thrill in response, & how many heads will begin to think!! It is by a G.O.W. God bless her! So say all of us!

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214. 21 October 1902: ECS to William R. Hearst

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pp. 447-

I have read all the contributions so far printed in your grand symposium on Divorce, and though several proposed a national divorce law, not one has suggested that any woman should help in drafting such a law. ...

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215. 22 October 1902: ECS to Theodore Roosevelt

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pp. 448-449

Dear Sir—As you are the first President of the United States who has ever given a public opinion in favor of woman suffrage, and, when Governor of New York State, recommended the measure in a message to the Legislature, the members of the different suffrage associations in the United States now urge you to advocate, ...

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216. 25 October 1902: ECS to Edith Carow Roosevelt, with Enclosure

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pp. 449-450

Please read & consider this enclosed letter to the women of the Nation, in regard to the action of our President on the woman suffrage question. Do lend your influence to rouse the women to their duty on this subject, & urge the President to recommend, in his coming message to Congress, an amendment to the constitution, ...

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217. Before 26 October 1902: SBA to ECS

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pp. 451-

I shall indeed be happy to spend with you the day on which you round out your four score and seven, over four years ahead of me, but, in age as in all else, I follow you closely. It is fifty-one years since first we met, and we have been busy through every one of them, stirring up the world to recognize the rights of women. ...

218. 26 October 1902: Telegrams from Harriot Stanton Blatch to SBA

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pp. 452-

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219. 27 October 1902: Article by ECS: An Answer to Bishop Stevens

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pp. 452-453

In his article the Bishop of North Carolina deals with scientific matter, but instead of giving biological proof of his first assertion that husband and wife are one flesh, or sociological statistics in support of his second assertion that the “disruption of one flesh” is bad, he quotes the Bible. ...

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220. 28 October 1902: SBA to Friend

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pp. 454-455

It seems to me you must forgive me for not going to Buffalo—tomorrow nights train—after the funeral—which is to be at 11 Oclock—the burial about 2 P.M.—but may be I shall come— I will send you Mr Conway’s2 remarks—but—then dear Rev Anna H. Shaw will be a host in herself— ...

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221. 28 October 1902: SBA to Ida Husted Harper

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pp. 455-456

I found my nephew Arthur1 at the Station last night—went direct to his house—Graham Court—Corner of 116th & 7th avenue— after dinner— first, I had Arthur telegraph you—& then after dinner I telephoned Hattie Stanton that I was there—and she came over immediately—with Nora—who had arrived in the A.M.—and Bob & their Cousin— ...

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222. 28 October 1902: Lavina A. Hatch to SBA

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pp. 456-

I did not think, as I sat looking at it, and thinking of you and Mrs Stanton, that she would pass on so soon, though I have often wondered how, in the inactive manner which she has indulged for several years, she could hold out as long as she has. ...

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223. 31 October 1902: SBA to Clara Bewick Colby

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pp. 457-458

My Dear Mrs Colby—I returned last night from the last sad sitting with our beloved—I wish that you could have been there that you might have written it up. That I should always be everywhere to see and hear the things that ought to be written, and yet be powerless to put the feelings into words, is too cruel. ...

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224. 28 November 1902: SBA to Mary McHenry Keith

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pp. 459-461

I have just finished reading the speech you delivered at the State Suffrage Association held October 25th.1 It is really very excellent. You struck the key note when you said that we had state co-education in only four states, for whatever may be done for woman, so long as she is disfranchised, ...

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225. 22 December 1902: Margaret Richardson Sievwright and Christina K. Henderson to SBA

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pp. 461-462

In this hour of separation from the life-long friend, who has lately received a summons to come up higher, the Executive of the National Council of the Women of N.Z. feels constrained to offer you its heartfelt sympathy. We can scarcely hope that the feeling of inseparable loss will ever be quite healed; ...

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226. 26 January 1903: Interview with SBA

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pp. 462-465

“I believe Mr. Smoot,1 the Mormon apostle, will take his seat in the United States Senate and that he will keep it. There seems to me no possibility of prevention.” ...

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227. 4 February 1903: SBA to Elizabeth Smith Miller

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pp. 465-467

Your note with the enclosed from Mrs. Henry1 shows that she is bound to throw the weight of her influence with the Nationals, or in other words she looses her influence by going in with those men!! ...

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228. Before 19 February 1903: SBA to Mass Meeting on Disfranchisement

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pp. 467-468

(I am in the fullest sympathy with the object of your meeting and have for many years pointed to the injustice of counting in the basis of representation, disfranchised citizens.)1 To refuse to qualified women and colored men the right of suffrage and to still count them in the basis of representation is to add insult to injury, and is as unjust as it is unreasonable. ...

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229. 11 March 1903: Carrie Chapman Catt to SBA

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pp. 468-469

When I left last night at 6 pm, the returns were coming in and we were being beaten about 3 to 1. Not all of Concord had yet reported.1 The days of miracles seem about over and unless there had been one, we had no chance. R.I. defeated her amendment 6 to 1, I believe and if we come out 3 to 1, we must consider that we have moved on a peg.2 ...

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230. 18 March 1903: Business Committee to the Editor, Times- Democrat

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pp. 469-473

The article in this morning’s Times-Democrat, entitled “Woman Suffrage in the South,” contains some remarks that are evidently based on a misapprehension. The officers of the National American Woman Suffrage Association ask the courtesy of space in your columns to correct the error.2 ...

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231. 18 March 1903: Robert J. Burdette to SBA

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pp. 473-474

What a memorandum-book of a memory you have? Does n’t it make a beautiful “traveling library”—these volumes of people and places and times that you can read at any time you will? And the pages shine forth a little more clearly in the dark than they do in the day time. People who have eyes in their brains never go blind. ...

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232. 29 March 1903: SBA and Mary S. Anthony to Anna Dann Mason

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pp. 474-476

Here we are—at the Tuskegee institute—at Booker T. Washingtons house & home—his wife and son David are at home—but not the husband & father—1 It is a beautiful new house—with all the modern Conveniences— everything from cellar to garrett made by the students of the school—from the making of the brick—to the carving of the matels— ...

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233. Spring 1903: Harriot Stanton Blatch to SBA

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pp. 476-

I have found her first speech written after the first Convention at Seneca Falls. ’Tis beautifully written in her hand, tied with blue ribbon, & fairly well preserved. Where shall I send it? It ought to be treasured somewhere.2 ...

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234. 28 April 1903: Remarks by SBA to Mass Meeting on Disfranchisement

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pp. 477-

Nothing but this outrage against the colored race could have brought me out here to-night. The remedy for this abuse is simple. If a state will violate the Constitution, it should be denied the rights conferred by the Constitution—it should not be given representation. ...

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235. 29 April 1903: SBA to Elizabeth Smith Miller

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pp. 478-479

Your most welcome letter with its ample check of $14. came this morning—1 If you will wait a little I will send you a set of the History with all new bindings—like Vol. IV— You are the first person I have mentioned the fact to;—But I am having 1,000 new books of all the different volumes—and their bindings will be alike— ...

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236. 25 May 1903: Inscriptions by SBA to Adella Hunt Logan

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pp. 479-480

Mrs Adella H. Logan Tuskegee Institute Tuskegee—Alabama— With cordial greetings from Dr Mary D. Hussey1 East Orange—New- Jersey— ...

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237. 9 June 1903: Theodore W. Stanton to SBA

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pp. 480-481

I have duly received your letter of the 18th of May.2 I should have liked to see the 4th vol., but it has not come to hand. It is not perfectly clear in your letter how you sent it to me. You appear to have sent it in care of the Figaro. I have enquired there & they know nothing about such a volume. ...

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238. 12 June 1903: William Lloyd Garrison, Jr., to SBA

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pp. 481-482

Until your letter of the 10th arrived I was not aware of Vol. 4, my desk being heaped up with months of accumulated matter & the book was underneath. I am delighted to have it and thank you sincerely. I think the portraits admirable and shall dip into the reading as soon as possible.1 ...

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239. Before 6 July 1903: SBA to Margaret A. Haley

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pp. 482-483

Miss Margaret A. Haley, the Brunswick Hotel3—My Dear Friend: Your long letter, and then your telegraph message, came duly, but I could not say “yes” to them. I know how you feel, that I ought to be in Boston with you at this crucial hour, and if I could go “on the wings of the wind” and be set down there for a few minutes, and then hie me back to my home, ...

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240. 18 July 1903: SBA to Herbert Putnam

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pp. 483-486

As my life has been largely spent on the lecture platform and in the work of conventions, I have not been able to make an especially systematic collection of books or to enjoy the pleasures of a library as one does who spends much time under her home roof. ...

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241. 22 July 1903: Ainsworth R. Spofford to SBA

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pp. 486-487

Replying to your two favors of the 17th and 18th instant, permit me to say, in the absence of Librarian Putnam, now on his way to Europe, that your collection of books, newspapers, manuscripts and scrap-books has been temporarily placed in two separate alcoves awaiting its being catalogued in full.2 ...

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242. 24 July 1903: SBA to Ainsworth R. Spofford

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pp. 487-488

I was very glad to get your pen-tracks with the good words with regard to the books I have sent to your library. I shall be very glad, indeed, to get a sight of the new book-plate when you get it. I have no doubt but that you will do the best thing possible with the books. ...

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243. 30 July 1903: SBA to Helen Leslie Gage

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pp. 488-492

Your letter has at last come1 and as I understand it you want three copies of the leather bound for yourself, Julia and Clarkson,2 and one cloth bound to complete Clarkson’s other set!! Now, if this isn’t right tell me and I will make them good for what I want everyone of you to have a full set, ...

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244. 17 November 1903: Speech by SBA to the Judean Club

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pp. 493-494

“The Local Council of Women is trying now to secure the right of women in the cities to vote upon school matters.1 They should not only vote for school commissioners, but for members of the Common Council, and the mayor as well. We cannot take up a paper that does not tell of a shooting, murder, or some disaster resulting from a fight in a saloon. ...

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245. 12 December 1903: SBA to Elizabeth Browne Chatfield

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pp. 494-496

Your good letter came duly. “Kit” Stanton had been miserable for a long time.2 Your word of him was so sweet, carrying me back to his young and beautiful days, that I sent the letter to Mrs. Blatch, asking her to send it to Maggie and for Maggie to send it to Kit’s wife, who is a beautiful woman of thirty perchance, now. ...

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246. 15 December 1903: SBA to Elizabeth Smith Miller

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pp. 496-499

On Saturday the express man left a package at the door. I ran down to see what had come and found it was a beautiful plum pudding with a card to sister Mary and myself. We shall save it for about Christmas. The apples you sent are most delicious and are keeping beautifully. ...

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247. 4 January 1904: Last Will and Testament of SBA

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pp. 500-501

I, Susan B. Anthony, of the City of Rochester, County of Monroe and State of New York, do make, ordain, publish and declare this to be my Last Will and Testament, in manner and form following: ...

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248. 19 January 1904: SBA to Clara Spalding Ellis

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pp. 501-502

I am not a word artist. I can’t tell you at all of my belief of things beyond the grave, for I know nothing of the conditions there so I can’t figure with your people who think they know, but I can safely trust the same power that has provided all things well in this life, to take care of the future. ...

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249. 15 April 1904: SBA to Robert L. Stanton

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pp. 502-503

Well—how do you get along—acting as book publisher & agent of “Eighty years & More”— I was reading the book last evening—it seems to me your mother gave an undue proportion of the pages to her life long friend— But, be that as it may—it is all we have of her in book form— ...

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250. Before 28 May 1904: SBA to Anna Dann Mason

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pp. 504-506

Your letter was good news from Norristown—that was right—$10— for a travelling Library— I wish every one in the country would order a set at that price— Still—wherever I can get the full price—I shall take it to save myself— My next will be written from Berlin—and in June— ...

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251. 17 June 1904: SBA to Mary Lewis Gannett

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pp. 506-508

I have just received your good news letter— It is splendid that the man contributed the $2000. and made a “Helen Barrett Montgomery”—scholarship— 1 I hope she wont call it a “Mrs W. A. Montgomery” scholarship— there is my hope & wish for that one!— Now I wish there were 25 other men who would give $2000— ...

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252. c. 26 July 1904: Interview with SBA

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pp. 508-510

A type of beautiful old age, a face, seen in full, of motherly sweetness, soft, silky, silver hair plainly knotted behind the head and braided at the sides of the face, leaving the tips of the ears visible; a heart as warm as ever and brimful of quick sympathy; a brain firm, clear and resourceful; such is Miss Susan B. Anthony in her eighty-fifth year. ...

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253. 6 September 1904: SBA to Jane Cobden Unwin

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pp. 511-514

It is with a great deal of pleasure that I look back across the ocean to your beautiful home. It seemed to me like sacred ground that your father trod,2 the fields, and across the little brook, just as you do today. I admired your home very much more than I can tell, and enjoyed every moment of my visit at Oatscroft. ...

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254. 4–8 October 1904: Diary of SBA

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pp. 514-516

Tuesday October 4, 1904. We arrived in Leavenworth at 10.30—1 Found brother D. R. at the station to meet us—but Oh so changed— Had a warm welcome from sister Annie—& Maud came down to see us— ...

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255. 12 October 1904: SBA to Catharine Waugh McCulloch

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pp. 516-517

We—my sister & I, are to be at my cousin’s—Melissa Dickinsons1— fro[m] 11 ↑A.M..↓ to 2 Oclock P.M.—on Saturday— If you can come there for a few minutes—I shall be very glad to see you— Miss Shaw writes that the Protest takes like wild fire—2 I am going home to do all I can with my pen— ...

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256. 14 October–8 November 1904: Diary of SBA

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pp. 518-519

Friday 14 October, 1904. Left Leavenworth Kansas at 5.30 p.m. on the Rock Island—had good night— Left dear brother D. R. very weak & feeble— he seems destined to go—but I hope against hope that he may recover— [omitted entries 15–25, 29 October; no entries 26, 28, 30 October.]

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257. Before 12 November 1904: SBA to the Wisconsin Woman Suffrage Association

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pp. 519-521

With all the sins of omission and commission, we have never had so great a one as that proposed by the first session of this congress, which is to be acted upon at the coming session. Women have always tacitly and inferentially been classed with the illiterates, insane people, idiots and criminals, but it remained for the Republicans, ...

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258. 12–19 November 1904: Diary of SBA

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pp. 521-524

Brother Daniel Read Anthony died this A.M.— Sister Mary & I go to Leavenworth this P.M. at 5.30— get to Chicago Sunday A.M. 8— and at L. at 10 Monday A.M. so we go—he is our last brother only Sister Mary & self left—1 ...

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259. c. 2 December 1904: SBA to Anna Osborne Anthony

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pp. 524-527

Evening— Well we have marked our dear Mother’s birth day—by a thanksgiving dinner—tomato soup—celery—Roast Turkey—tip-top dressing— potato, squash, onions, Cranberry sauce—and lastly coffee— Plain nice ↑plain↓ cake baked to day—Peaches beautiful—bread & butter—and pickles—and mothers tall dish with oranges & grapes— ...

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260. After 3 December 1904: Albert J. Beveridge to SBA

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pp. 527-528

Of course I assume that you know that this bill was passed by the House and reached this committee only two or three days before adjournment, so that it has not been possible thus far for any of this committee even to examine the bill. ...

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261. 12 December 1904: Remarks by SBA to the Rochester Council of Women

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pp. 528-530

The local Council of Women held its December meeting yesterday afternoon in the Chamber of Commerce rooms.1 In the absence of the president, Mrs. W. E. Armstrong,2 the vice-president, Mrs. J. M. Ingersoll,3 presided. Susan B. Anthony talked informally on the statehood bill and the Platt-Morrell bill. ...

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262. 17 December 1904: SBA to Aletta H. Jacobs

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pp. 531-532

I had a letter from Mrs. Harper the other day, asking me to send you Volume 4, in leather, of the History of Woman Suffrage. I have put that up to go to you, and also have put in my Life and Work, and some other documents, and hope you will be glad to get them all. I have written Mrs. Carrie Chapman Catt, 205 W. 57th St., N.Y., ...

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263. 22 December 1904: SBA to Elizabeth Smith Miller

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pp. 532-533

I suppose you have received a letter from Senator Beveridge and others, and that you have seen, if he has not written you, that the obnoxious placing of “sex” with idiots and criminals, etc., has been done away with. I have this morning been reading the bill which the Senator sent me, and it has “male citizen” over and over, ...

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264. 3 January 1905: Thomas C. Platt to SBA

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pp. 534-

Your letter of December the 21st reached me duly, and should have received an earlier acknowledgment except that my time has been so completely engrossed with business and politics, and your letter did not call for an immediate response.1 You know, of course, what my feeling and attitude are on the question concerning which you write. ...

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265. 28 January 1905: SBA to Mary McHenry Keith

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pp. 534-537

I have received your article in the Berkeley Gazette. It is good. I notice that you gave $500 towards the campaign at the Los Angeles Convention. It was splendid of you. Every time I pass through the parlor I take a look at the beautiful picture of the Yosemite Valley that hangs over the fire-place, and send a good thought to Mr. Keith and you over in Cal. ...

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266. 28 January 1905: SBA to George W. Martin

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pp. 538-539

I have your letter of the 27th, and now I have an answer from Mr. Wilder, which I enclose to you.2 You know better than I what is best to say to him. Do you think that money would move him to get some one to do the editing of his paper, or so that he could be released to do this other work, or do you think he had better be let alone, ..

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267. 11 February 1905: SBA to Julia Dodson Sheppard

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pp. 539-541

My Dear Friend:—I was glad enough to hear from you, and glad to hear that you are going to celebrate the 15th of February, my birthday. I am glad that so many of your women will be pleased to attend the reception at your house, whether they believe in suffrage or not. ...

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268. 20 February 1905: SBA to Lucy Browne Johnston

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pp. 541-543

I received your note of congratulation and sent you the newspaper containing an account of the celebration at Mr. and Mrs. Gannett’s. It was all very nice, and the letters and telegrams have been numerous and cannot half be mentioned. ...

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269. 24 February 1905: SBA to Fannie Rosenberg Bigelow

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pp. 543-544

Your lovely “American Beauties” came duly. I admired them greatly and sent them over to Mrs. Gannett’s that they might be seen of all who attended my reception. I felt that they too should be honored there. ...

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270. 24 February 1905: SBA to the Political Equality Club of Rochester

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pp. 544-

You were looking out for something that would be a joy forever when you selected the Morris chair and foot-rest, and now I understand that you are to get a couch for me to lie down on, so between the easy chair and the sofa I shall be well provided for, and when my invalid friends come to visit me they shall share the pleasures of both. ...

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271. 24 April 1905: SBA to Ida Husted Harper

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pp. 545-548

I arrived home yesterday afternoon and found your note of the 21st. You did wisely with that syndicate letter. I shall laugh, though, if you get your price, but all right—stick your head up high. I am very sorry that Mrs. Fairbanks1 lost her head in the last moments of her administration. ...

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272. 25 April 1905: Interview with SBA

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pp. 549-551

“Ridiculous! Pure fol-de-rol,” is the comment Miss Susan B. Anthony made this morning on ex-President Grover Cleveland’s article in the current number of the Ladies’ Home Journal, on women’s clubs and woman’s suffrage.1 That the sentiments which Mr. Cleveland gave voice to were entirely at variance with her own was very evident from her manner as she read the article aloud. ...

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273. 3 May 1905: SBA to Charles K. Gallup

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pp. 551-552

Yes, I have a photograph fac-similie of Mrs. Stanton’s autograph, which I enclose to you.2 So many people have a penchant for collecting autographs, and yours, it seems, has lasted for fifty years. I have not Mrs. Stanton’s signature other than this. ...

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274. 25 May 1905: SBA to Ida Husted Harper

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pp. 552-553

But I reckon everybody will know what name is meant— right away after breakfast—as I was just turning over from reading the editorials in the morning Dem. & Chron—the Telephone Bell rang— I left my reading— and it was Mrs Eastwood—she said [“]have you seen the morning Dem & Chron— ...

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275. c. 12 June 1905: SBA to Ellen Clark Sargent

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pp. 553-554

It seems very queer that I shall start again for the Pacific Coast. I thought I had made my last trip there. I believe it is now pretty much decided that after the convention at Portland is over with we are to go to San Francisco and Oakland for mass-meetings, or something which the women are getting up. I give myself over entirely to Miss Shaw. ...

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276. 22 June 1905: SBA to Anna Dann Mason

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pp. 554-555

We arrived yesterday morning at 8.30 after a pleasant nights ride— I can see you as we parted at the station—how good it was of you to come down and stay with us—and go with us to the station— It does seem as if you belonged to us more than ever— I trust Gilbert will not feel a twinge of jealousy— ...

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277. 3 July 1905: Interview with SBA

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pp. 555-557

“We would have won the campaign in California,” said Miss Anthony, “had it not been for the fact that a few of the rural counties were not covered in the plan for a house to house canvass. Wherever we made such a canvass we won. For instance, in Los Angeles county the majority was 4,600, and in every other locality wherein the field was well covered we had a like result.” ...

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278. 28 July 1905: Remarks by SBA at the Woman’s Clubhouse

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pp. 558-559

“Just nine years ago since 110,000 of your men voted that woman should have suffrage and vote. There were 110,000 men who said ‘yes’ to that question— but—there were 137,000 who said ‘no,’ and that’s why you are not voting now. ...

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279. 30 July 1905: Conversation between SBA and Celia Coyle

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pp. 559-561

Such was one of the expressions of Miss Susan B. Anthony in an interview yesterday afternoon with Miss Celia Coyle, secretary of local Laundry Workers No. 52, at the home of Mrs. Charlotte Wills,2 501 Buena Vista street, regarding the nine-hour movement which is being agitated in Los Angeles by the union laundry workers. ...

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280. 20 October 1905: Henry A. Baker to SBA

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pp. 562-

At a regular meeting of the Board of Directors on Oct 17th, I was appointed the Medical Director of this Company.1 To say that I am pleased does not express all of my feelings—I am overjoyed, for the position is one of great honor and very great responsibility. ...

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281. 6 November 1905: SBA to Booker T. Washington

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pp. 562-563

Your letter of Oct. 20th is received. Your last Annual Report is splendid. 1 The visit of the President at your Institute was most timely and it has had a splendid effect upon the south.2 I don’t know but what the southern papers are scolding about it but I have seen nothing of it. ...

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282. 2 December 1905: Samuel Gompers to SBA

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pp. 564-

I just want to write you a line to express my sincere regret that I was out of the city when you and Miss Upton were recently here, for it would have afforded me great pleasure to have had the opportunity of greeting you, and having a talk with you upon matters of mutual interest.1...

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283. 8 December 1905: SBA to Elizabeth Smith Miller

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pp. 565-566

About the express charges, I always prepay them when I send books out. It comes out of the balance of the money so you do not have anything to pay. If you find that an expressman charges at the other end of the line, I want you to inform me, because, as in the case before, it is always the expressman that is at fault. ...

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284. 3 January 1906: SBA to Rush Rhees

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pp. 566-568

I have your letter of Dec. 14th, in answer to mine of the 13th.1 You will see that I have waited to consult with the President of the State Society, Mrs. Crossett, and she likes very much the subject, “The Practical Workings of Woman Suffrage.” I don’t know that it will be necessary to state where. ...

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285. 8 January 1906: SBA to Grace A. Woodworth

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pp. 568-569

The photo are received—also your beautiful letter putting down the price to the lowest figure— I want to do a little more than accept your lowest price for this dozzen— I add $5— for those you have given me heretofore— or if you prefer call the V a new years present—any way so you have the extra $5— ...

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286. 20 January 1906: Jenkin Lloyd Jones to SBA

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pp. 569-570

Greetings. It was good to get word from you and heart-warming to know that I carry your continued sympathies. A day or two after your letter arrived the Lincoln Centre hall was well filled with men and women summoned to promote the woman suffrage plank in the new charter.1 We mean to push it for all it is worth. ...

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287. 8 February 1906: College Evening of the National-American Woman Suffrage Association

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pp. 570-576

With the great pioneer suffrage worker, Susan B. Anthony, upon the platform, surrounded by women noted in the college world for their brilliant attainments, as well as those famed for social work, and in other professions, and with a large audience, the session of the woman suffrage convention opened last evening. ...

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288. 15 February 1906: Remarks by SBA at Birthday Celebration

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pp. 577-578

Miss Susan B. Anthony, ensconsed in a big, easy chair upon the platform at the Church of Our Father, surrounded by the officers of the National American Woman Suffrage Association and others and confronted by an audience of men and women that completely filled the first floor and galleries, ...

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289. 28 February 1906: Lucy E. Anthony to Ida Husted Harper

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pp. 579-

I am glad to tell you that Aunt Susan is again better. It seems to be a very steady gain and of course that is the best kind. I do not know whether I have told you that she has had a temperature of 103 but it was down to 99 yesterday and is today a little over 100, but of course it would naturally go up and down somewhat for a time, I suppose.2 ...

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290. 2 March 1906: Lucy E. Anthony to Elizabeth Smith Miller

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pp. 580-

I am glad to tell you that Aunt Susan is better, although she is quite weak and will of course have to be just as careful as it is possible for a sick person to be. She is having the best of care and the Doctor1 thinks that within a week she will be able to sit up in a chair. ...

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291. 6 March 1906: Statement to the press about SBA’s health

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pp. 581-

“I was at the Anthony home at 8 o’clock this morning. Miss Anthony’s left lung is now affected by pneumonia. Her right lung has practically cleared. As the result of nausea last night she became very weak; but she rested well from 1 until 5 o’clock this morning. She is still unable to retain nourishment and consequently is very weak. ...

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292. 13 March 1906: Mabel Nichols to Maude Nichols

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pp. 581-582

My patient passed away this morning after laying in a comatose state for two nights & a day. Dear old soul rather hated to die. She wanted to live to gain just one more victory. We learned to love her very dearly and was sorry she could not be spared. Yesterday the Anthony house was in a bedlam by reporters, telegrams, telephones & friends. ...

Index

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pp. 583-602


E-ISBN-13: 9780813553450
E-ISBN-10: 0813553458
Print-ISBN-13: 9780813553474
Print-ISBN-10: 0813553474

Publication Year: 2012

Volume Title: 6