A New Jersey Anthology
A New Jersey Anthology, Second Edition
Publication Year: 2010
Published by: Rutgers University Press
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The first edition of this book grew out of a perceived need for a book of readings on New Jersey history that could be used in courses on New Jersey or United States history taught at both the college and high school levels. At times it also happily appealed to the general reader, those curious to learn more about the...
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Although a relatively small state, only 4.8 million acres in area, New Jersey has a long and complex history. Its past is full of paradoxes and contradictions that make it a challenge to study and understand. Primarily an agricultural state for most of its history,...
1. New Jersey: The Unique Proprietary
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Historians who study American colonial history have necessarily been concerned with establishing the sources of American institutions. Out of this interest has come a long-standing debate over whether the baggage settlers brought to the New World-political and social...
2. Lord Cornbury Redressed: The Governor and the Problem Portrait
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Lord Cornbury (1661-1723) was appointed governor of New York and New Jersey in 1702. As a successful soldier, member of Parliament, and cousin of Queen Anne, he was welcomed in both colonies with great fanfare, and with the hope that he would bring...
3. The "Cockpit" Reconsidered: Revolutionary New Jersey as a Military Theater
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Of all the wars in which New Jersey's residents have been involved, the American Revolution had the greatest direct impact on its territory. The state, sometimes labeled as the "crucible," "crossroads," and "cockpit" of the Revolution, was in the middle...
4. Caught in the Middle: New Jersey's Indians and the American Revolution
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Ever since the American Revolution, historians have disagreed on its causes and consequences. In the twentieth century this disagreement became a split over emphasizing consensus or conflict, economic interests or ideology. The disputes continue...
5. New Jersey and the Two Constitutions
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Historical debate over the Confederation period of the 1780s and the adoption of the United States Constitution continues the disagreement about whether the American Revolution was evolutionary or revolutionary. Here, too, historians tend...
6. Party Formation in New Jersey in the Jackson Era
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The men who wrote the Constitution of the United States in 1787 shared the assumption that political parties were bad because they could not help but be divisive. They declared as a consequence that parties should not and would not develop,...
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The period from about 1820 to 1850 is usually called the Jacksonian Era, or the Age of the Common Man. Historians have pointed to it as a time of great change; a market revolution, a transportation revolution, multiple reform movements, and the revivalism...
8. Moving Toward Breaking the Chains: Black New Jerseyans and the American Revolution
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It is often assumed that slavery was the South "peculiar institution," but actually until the American Revolution slaves were present in all of the thirteen colonies that would become the United States....
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During the American Revolution, military conflict was a frequent occurrence in New Jersey, but no Civil War battle took place on state soil. New Jersey did, however, become a political battleground as Republicans and Democrats, war supporters and those for peace...
10. Newport of the Nouveaux Bourgeois
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As historians have studied different aspects of the past, their main interest has shifted since the 1960s from politics to economics, from laws to society, and, later, to culture. Political historians have focused...
11. Mr. Justice Pitney and Progressivism
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Progressivism is a generic term American historians apply to the efforts of social reformers around the turn of the last century, but they differ on how precisely to define and use the word. Frustrated by the issue, Peter Filene concluded in 1970 that...
12. The Applejack Campaign of 1919: "As 'Wet' as the Atlantic Ocean"
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Warren Stickle's article on the election of 1919 in New Jersey raises a broad spectrum of issues, the most obvious being how people vote, why they make their selections, and what the consequences have been. But the 1919 election also reveals much...
13. "Summing Up" and "Wednesday the Thirteenth"
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On March 1, 1932, the son of Charles A. and Anne Morrow Lindbergh was kidnapped from the couple's new home in Hopewell, New Jersey. Although the couple paid $50,000 in ransom money, the baby was not returned. Ten weeks after the child was taken,...
14. Frank Hague, Franklin Roosevelt, and the Politics of the New Deal
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The career of Jersey City mayor Frank Hague raises two questions with which American historians have wrestled for some time. The first is how to look at and evaluate the role of "bosses" in politics. The second is...
15. The 1971 Strike
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Since 1945 there has been an important population shift in the United States from the cities to the suburbs, a change particularly dramatic in New Jersey. As the country and state also moved toward a postindustrial economy, manufacturing jobs were lost while...
16. The Conscience of Congress
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After the election of 2008, when Hillary Clinton came close to winning the Democratic nomination for president and Sarah Palin ran as the Republican vice presidential candidate, a brief look at the role of women in New Jersey politics seems appropriate. In some...
17. Simple Justice
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In 1970 a small group of African Americans in Mount Laurel, New Jersey, asked the all-white town council to approve a grant-funded proposal to build about one hundred units of low-income housing in the town. The units would replace inadequate...
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Page Count: 500
Illustrations: 17 photographs, 1 illustration
Publication Year: 2010