Crime, Punishment, and Mental Illness
Law and the Behavioral Sciences in Conflict
Publication Year: 2008
Published by: Rutgers University Press
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As this book was nearing completion, a twenty-three-year old student at Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Seung-Hui Cho, killed thirty-two people and wounded fi fteen others before committing suicide. The shootings took place on the Virginia Tech campus...
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Many people contributed to the production of this book. In particular, we would like to thank Ray Michalowski and Adi Hovav at Rutgers University Press for their vision and encouragement. In addition, this book greatly benefi ted from...
Chapter 1: The Social Construction of Mental Illness as a Criminal Justice Problem
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On April 28, 2000, Richard S. Baumhammer, a thirty-four-year-old immigration lawyer, got into his Jeep with a .357 caliber handgun and a bag of shells. In seventytwo minutes, five people were dead and one critically injured. Baumhammer, who is white, shot his Jewish neighbor...
Chapter 2: Systems of Social Control: From Asylums to Prisons
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On January 3, 1999, during the evening rush hour, Andrew Goldstein, a man with a long history of schizophrenia, waited anxiously for the next subway to arrive at the Twenty-third Street station in Manhattan. Also waiting was a young receptionist, Kendra Webdale, a recent transplant...
Chapter 3: Competency to Stand Trial and Competency to Be Executed
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On the morning of December 14, 1994, Ralph Tortorici stormed into a lecture hall at the State University of New York (SUNY) at Albany campus. Dressed in military fatigues and armed with a semi-automatic rifle, eighty rounds of ammunition, and a hunting knife, he took hostage...
Chapter 4: The Problems with the Insanity Defense: The Conflict Between Law and Psychiatry
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On June 20, 2001, at 9:48 a.m., Andrea Yates called 911 and asked for assistance. She also called her husband at work and told him that he needed to come home, but would not say why. When her husband asked if anyone was hurt, Andrea Yates responded that the kids were hurt...
Chapter 5: The “Mad” or “Bad” Debate Concerning Sex Offenders
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John Geoghan was a former Catholic priest and a convicted child molester. He was a key figure in the Roman Catholic sex abuse cases that arose in the Boston Archdiocese in the 1990s and early 2000s. More than 130 people claimed that Geoghan abused them, most when they were...
Chapter 6: Juvenile Offenders, Developmental Competency, and Mental Illness
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On May 20, 1998, at the age of fifteen, Kip Kinkel killed his parents in their home. The next day he walked into his high school cafeteria and sprayed students with fi fty rounds from a semiautomatic rifle, killing two students and wounding twentyfive others. Although Kinkel was fifteen...
Chapter 7: Criminalizing Mental Illness: Does It Matter?
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On February 6, 1987, a jury found Anthony Capozzi, a schizophrenic, guilty of raping two women in 1983 and 1984. The trial judge sentenced him to eleven to thirtyfive years in prison. On April 2, 2007, Judge Shirley Troutman threw out the rape convictions after DNA evidence...
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About the Authors
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Patricia E. Erickson is a professor of sociology and criminal justice at Canisius College, where she serves as chair of the depart-attorney, and a Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical ...
Page Count: 238
Illustrations: 30 tables
Publication Year: 2008
Series Title: Critical Issues in Crime and Society