Understanding the Arts and Creative Sector in the United States
Understanding the Arts and Creative Sector in the United States, Revised Edition
Publication Year: 2008
Published by: Rutgers University Press
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IT TAKES A VILLAGE to make a book, and the editors of this volume would like to acknowledge the contributions and assistance of key persons who helped bring this book to fruition.Three people in particular were essential in helping us turn a set of diverse contributions into a proper book: Marlie Wasserman, director of Rutgers University Press, has been a steady source of support, practical advice, and patience throughout the long process of putting this volume together.We are truly ...
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CAN YOU IMAGINE contemporary life without art? Look around: almost everyone is doing something that could be considered artistic! Kids are drawing, presenting plays in school, taking band or ballet after school, and playing video games galore. Teenagers are listening to popular music, downloading and sharing tunes on iPods, and going to rock, rap, and country music concerts. People of all ages are attending opera, dance, theater, and symphony performances as well as art fairs and gallery openings.
Part One: Defining the Arts and Creative Sector
Chapter 1: Toward an Arts and Creative Sector
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The American Economy is becoming a knowledge-based one in which new technologies are connecting individuals and firms in ways that have never before been feasible. It feeds an ever-growing appetite for entertainment, media, and related content that requires the participation of artists and commercial and nonprofit arts organizations. Increasingly, technology is contributing to our potential prosperity as well as to the richness of our civic, social, and personal lives.
Chapter 2: Interrelations in the Arts and Creative Sector
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A dancer in a leading nonprofit, contemporary dance ensemble in New York City might well ask what he or she has in common with a dancer in a Las Vegas review. Yet both might have experienced similar initial training and must cope with issues related to job opportunities, career prospects, retirement and health benefits, and ongoing professional development. While they may ...
Chapter 3: Field Building: The Road to Cultural Policy Studies in the United States
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VARIOUS STREAMS OF SCHOLARSHIP have contributed to the construction of cultural policy studies in the United States. Understanding these intellectual roots is important to students and young scholars entering the field. It is a history and evolution that many authors in this volume lived through and helped shape within the academic community as interests in artistic practice and management, policy and planning, and disciplinary and ...
Part Two: Field Issues
Chapter 4: The Universality of the Arts in Human Life
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ONE OF THE most striking features of human societies, from the Palaeolithic to the present, is their prodigious involvement with the arts. In fact, most of what we know of past societies is revealed by their plastic or visual arts—cave wall paintings and engravings, pyramids and other tombs, temples, palaces, cathedrals, Buddhist stupas, ceramics, carvings, and stone sculptures both monumental and small. Although dance, music, dramatic stories, and body decoration seldom leave traces, we can assume that they too ...
Chapter 5: About Artists
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Artists are as Integral to human life as water is to fish, although their accord, stature, training, expressive outlets, techniques, and tools will vary over time and place. The arts have held a special place in human life from the beginning of recorded history. The capacity to dance, sing, paint, dramatize, and write is part of our species’ capacities. In every society a select number of individuals will be chosen or will self-select to elevate these artistic capabilities into livelihoods. They become professional artists—individuals ...
Chapter 6: Art and Cultural Participation at the Heart of Community Life
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A COMMUNITY’S ART—its creative and cultural expression in the form of music, dance, theater, visual arts, and crafts—embodies its essence and is crucial to its well-being. Through making art—amateur and professional, formal and informal1—communities preserve, invent, and assert their identities; transmit heritage; and comment on their existence. Art and cultural participation contribute to community conditions in education, ...
Chapter 7: The Arts and Artist in Urban Revitalization
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City culture was of little consequence during the colonial period and drew its artistic inspiration almost entirely from European modes.With the establishment of the American Republic, cities quickly became a destination for creative, newly minted Americans seeking opportunity, inspiration, and community with like-minded individuals. Historian Neil Harris observes that the very urbanism that drew artists and others of adventurous mien rendered the city ...
Chapter 8: The Evolution of Arts and Cultural Districts
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ARTS AND CULTURAL DISTRICTS1 have gained recognition as important policy tools for municipalities with respect to community planning and redevelopment. As a strategy for revitalizing urban landscapes, as well as reinvigorating local economies, cultural districts serve as important catalysts in developing vibrant and regenerated areas that transform often blighted or underused urban spaces (and a growing number of suburban ones) by attracting tourists and visitors, generating revenues, and acting as magnets for both ...
Chapter 9: Capital, Commerce, and the Creative Industries
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ARTISTS CREATE OBJECTS, emotional reactions, expressions, and thoughts through books, paintings, recordings, music, films, performances, and programs.To do any of this at a professional level requires not only inborn talent but also skills and techniques honed and acquired by dedicated years of learning and practice. However, money and capital and commerce—subjects that are typically seen, especially by young artists, as being from a foreign and alien world—will affect decisions at all stages of an artist’s life through the ...
Chapter 10: Internet as Medium: Art, Law, and the Digital Environment
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The Exploration of Alternative Media for creative expression has been one of the major artistic endeavors of the last century. From Kurt Schwitters’s cavernous apartment Merzbaus to Donald Judd’s manufactured industrial constructions to Nam June Paik’s vision of art through a television screen, artists have been expanding the definition of art and the context within which it can reside.
Chapter 11: Historic Preservation in the United States
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PRIOR TO PASSAGE of the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, American preservationists traveled to the United Kingdom and European countries to learn about protecting historic buildings and sites. Unlike the United States, these countries appeared to be well equipped with legislation, funding, and professional training that supported preservation.Americans marveled at the ability of foreign countries to protect their countryside, preserve their historic town centers, and invest in major restoration efforts.1
Chapter 12: Between Cooperation and Conflict: International Trade in Cultural Goods and Services
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The Famous French Historian Ferdinand Braudel perhaps optimistically overestimated the effects of intercultural exchange by noting the following:“No civilization can survive without mobility: all are enriched by trade and the stimulating impact of strangers” (Braudel 1963/1993, 10). In terms of trade, as this chapter will show, such exchanges feature both stimulation and conflicts.These exchanges are especially the case with the continually ...
Chapter 13: Identity and Cultural Policy
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ANY DISCUSSION OF CULTURAL POLICY must take into account the importance of public culture and tradition “in giving a sense of uniqueness and meaning to the individual political cultures” (Pye and Verba 1965, 19). Accordingly, a comprehensive analysis of a nation’s development involves not only its political institutions and cultural well-being, but its cultural identity as well.The distinguishing characteristic of cultural policy in countries ...
Notes on Contributors
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Page Count: 224
Illustrations: 11 tables, 2 figures
Publication Year: 2008
Series Title: Rutgers Series - The Public Life of the