Grace for Grace
The Debates after Augustine and Pelagius
Publication Year: 2014
Published by: The Catholic University of America Press
Title Page, Copyright Page, Dedication
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The term “semi-Pelagian” is an ironic misnomer. This controversy over grace and free will has long remained in the shadows cast by the much better known Pelagian controversy. This book of essays is the first published volume solely dedicated to this understudied...
Rebecca Harden Weaver
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The disputes over grace that arose in the fifth and early sixth centuries in the West reveal not only the absence of any normative doctrine of grace but also the lack of a consensus on the subject. By the end of 418, Augustine of Hippo and the North African Church...
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Chronology of Key Events
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1. The Background: Augustine and the Pelagian Controversy
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The Pelagian controversy had its origin in two doctrinal questions.1 One concerned the effect of the sin of Adam and Eve upon their descendants. Did it cause moral weakness, mortality, or perhaps even guilt? Or were they created in the same condition as later...
2. I Timothy 2:4 and the Beginnings of the Massalian Controversy
Roland Teske, SJ
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In De vocatione omnium gentium, which it is now agreed that Prosper of Aquitaine wrote ca. 450, he says of 1 Tim. 2:4, “When those who love slanderous struggles read these things, they will say that by such arguments we contradict the apostle who states that God...
3. Pauci perfectae gratiae intrepidi amatores: The Augustinians in Marseilles
Alexander Y. Hwang
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In 426 Augustine received letters from two admirers in Marseilles, Prosper of Aquitaine and Hilary of Marseille.1 Both letters informed Augustine about the growing controversy over his latest teachings on grace—predestination in particular—among the...
4. Prosper's "Crypto-Pelagians": De ingratis and the Carmen de prouidentia Dei
Raúl Villegas Marín
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In 1539 S. Gryphe published at Lyons the most complete edition of Prosper of Aquitaine’s works available at the time. Among them was an extensive carmen which Gryphe edited under the epigraph De prouidentia diuina D. Prosperi Opusculum based on a manuscript...
5. "Les vers servant aux saints": Didactic Poetry and Anti-Heretical Polemic in the Carmen de Ingratis
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As Augustine’s disciple, and walking in his footsteps, Prosper joined forces with him to fight for grace. He pursued heresy in all its hidden corners, using verse to help him in his task. Verse is useful to saints— heated poetry makes faith triumph, and heresy tremble....
6. Prosper's Pneumatology: The Development of an Augustinian
Thomas L. Humphries Jr.
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An essay on the development of a particular theologian’s ideas must take several things for granted, including which texts the author wrote and when he wrote them. In the case of Prosper of Aquitaine, historians and theologians meet a perplexing figure for whom...
7. John Cassian and Augustine
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The careers and reputations of Augustine of Hippo and John Cassian have been linked for sixteen centuries in both life and death. Cassian, who lived from about 360 until the early 430s, was Augustine’s contemporary and, along with him, a product of Latin...
8. Vincent of Lérins's Commonitorium, Objectiones, and Excerpta: Responding to Augustine's Legacy in Fifth-Century Gaul
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Because St. Vincent of Lérins was contemporaneous to the authors, debates, and events that are central to the chapters in this volume, scholars have for centuries attempted to identify his place within the controversies stoked by Augustine and by Pelagius. Primary...
9. Fulgentius of Ruspe on the Saving Will of God
Francis X. Gumerlock
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While early Greek biblical commentators experienced little or no difficulty interpreting the New Testament passage which says that God “wills all humans to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth” (1 Tim. 2:4), for Augustine and those who followed...
10. Augustine, Pelagius, and the Southern Gallic Tradition: Faustus of Rietz's De gratia Dei
Matthew J. Pereira
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One of Faustus’s most significant contributions to the southern Gallic theological tradition was his critical use of the twin authorities of the Scriptures and the Church Fathers, which reflected the ascetical tradition of south Gaul a generation after their initial...
11. Caesarius of Arles, Prevenient Grace, and the Second Council of Orange
Ralph W. Mathisen
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In his De gratia, written ca. 471 after the priest Lucidus had been condemned for his predestinarian beliefs at councils at Arles and Lyon, bishop Faustus of Riez rhetorically associated Pelagius— whom everyone everywhere condemned—with Augustine, saying...
12. Augustine, the Carolingians, and Double Predestination
Brian J. Matz
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This chapter uncovers the legacy of the patristic debate over predestination during the ninth century, when the topic came up again in Gaul. During the patristic period, the debate over Augustine’s ideas about predestination was resolved at the II Council of Orange...
13. An Eastern View: Theodore of Mopsuestia's Against the Defenders of Original Sin
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The controversy between Augustine and the doctores Gallicani, as well as its predecessor, the Pelagian controversy, have rightly been regarded as most typical of Western, Latin, patristic theology and as indicators of its difference from Eastern, foremost Greek, theological...
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Page Count: 320
Publication Year: 2014