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A Bridge Across the Ocean

The United States and the Holy See between the Two World Wars


Publication Year: 2014

Published by: The Catholic University of America Press

Title Page, Copyright Page

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pp. i-v


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pp. vii

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Gerald P. Fogarty

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pp. ix-xii

Luca Castagna has made a significant contribution to the history of Vatican diplomacy and, in particular, to the history of the Holy See’s relations with the United States. He has skillfully navigated the often tortuous paths of the relations between American Catholics and their fellow...

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pp. xiii-xvi

From 1937 President Franklin Delano Roosevelt intensified his efforts to overcome the resistance of the most hard-headed isolationists in the Congress. He proceeded with the caution of one who was wholly aware of the reactions of American public opinion to a decision...


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pp. xvii-xviii

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Chapter 1. Divergent Powers

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pp. 1-29

These were the words of John Adams writing on August 4, 1779, to the Continental Congress in Philadelphia. Free of all protocol formality, they did not derive from diplomatic clashes or impoliteness between the Union and the Papal States; rather they reflected and...

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Chapter 2. Incompatible Universalisms

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pp. 30-58

Woodrow Wilson had never attempted to conceal his sometimes extreme anti-Catholicism. Indeed, it seems that from the time of his first meeting with James Gibbons in Washington in 1913, he addressed the cardinal as “Signor” and did not even ask...

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Chapter 3. Troubled Times

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pp. 59-84

Contrary to Wilson’s hope, World War I was not the war to end all wars. At Versailles, his attempts to arrive at a compromise enabling the construction of a stable international system regulated by the democratic principles contained in his Fourteen Points...

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Chapter 4. The Interlocutory Stage

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pp. 85-112

Giovanni Bonzano proved to be a discreet but convincing supporter of the reorganization that culminated in the setting up of the NCWC.1 During his years spent at the head of the Apostolic Delegation of Washington, and especially during the war, he...

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Chapter 5. Toward Rapprochement: The 1930s

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pp. 113-149

On the afternoon of July 2, 1932, the fifty-year-old governor of New York, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, landed at Chicago Midway Airport. The previous evening, the Democratic Party’s national convention had elected him as candidate to the presidency...

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Chapter 6. A Shared Mission

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pp. 150-166

Neither the Neutrality Act of 1935 nor that of 1936 was applicable to civil wars. Nevertheless, fearing protests on the isolationist front on the eve of the presidential elections, Roosevelt applied an arms embargo on both sides after the Alzamiento Nacional...

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Luigi Rossi

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pp. 167-169

Gerald P. Fogarty’s foreword describes the intricate fabric of this book, focusing on the most significant aspects of Luca Castagna’s research. Since I have followed its progress and am in some ways responsible for the choice of subject, I should...

Bibliography and Sources

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pp. 171-185

Index of Names

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pp. 187-193

E-ISBN-13: 9780813225883
Print-ISBN-13: 9780813225876

Page Count: 224
Publication Year: 2014