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Aquinas and Analogy

Ralph McInerny

Publication Year: 2012

The basic distinctions McInerny introduces, his criticism of the central piece in the literature, Cajetan's De nominum analogia, the applications he makes to problems such as that of the nature of metaphysics or of logic, his knowledge of contemporary debates on related topics, combine to make his contribution unique

Published by: The Catholic University of America Press

Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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pp. iii-v

Contents

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p. vii-vii

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Preface

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pp. ix-x

Since publishing The Logic of Analogy in I96I, I have continued to think about and write on the subject, almost exclusively as it pertains to the teaching of Thomas Aquinas. Some of these writings were brought together in Studies in Analogy (I968). Both books have been out ...

Part One: Prolegomena

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1. Where Cajetan Went Wrong

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pp. 3-29

When Thomas de Vio completed his short work De nominum analogia on September I, 1498, in the Dominican convent of St. Apollinaris in Padua, he had put the interpretation of what St. Thomas has to say about analogous names onto a path it still travels today. At twenty-nine ...

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2. Analogy in Aristotle

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pp. 30-47

The working assumption of the De nominum analogia is that, since the Latin word analogia is borrowed from the Greek, it is Greek usage that is regulative. This assumption is clear from the way Cajetan speaks of the Latin use of the word as abusive, indeed as involving degrees ...

Part Two: Analogous Names

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The Prospect Before Us

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pp. 51-52

There is no extended formal discussion of analogy in the writings of St. Thomas Aquinas. What we find are many identifications of terms as analogous and, here and there, the elements of a formal account of what it is such names are instances of. Aquinas's teaching on analogy, accordingly, must ...

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3. How Words Signify

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pp. 53-85

When a term is said to be analogous, it is contrasted with univocal and purely equivocal terms. That is, the analogous term is a type of shared or common term. Things are said to be named univocally when the term they share receives exactly the same account as applied to ...

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4. Analogous Names

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pp. 86-101

Whenever Thomas lays out what he means by a word's being analogous, he refers us to univocal and equivocal terms and notes that the analogous term can be located between these two as extremes.! Aristotle's discussion of equivocal and univocal terms at the outset ...

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5. Kinds of Analogous Name

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pp. 102-115

Cajetan tells us that there are three kinds of analogous name, or perhaps four, only one of which is truly such. Others have proposed divisions of analogous names that differ from that of Cajetan, often becoming luxuriant by treating every instance of analogous name as if it were a ...

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6. Metaphor and Analogy

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pp. 116-136

There seems little reason to doubt that, within the Thomist tradition, it is assumed that a metaphor is one thing, an analogous term another, and that, while metaphor is justifiable-certainly in poetry, but also if for different reasons in Scripture-it is, generally speaking, something a ...

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7. Analogy is Analogous

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pp. 137-141

One of the weaknesses of Cajetan's presentation of analogous names is that he begins by saying that there are several kinds of analogous name. This is manifestly a weakness of the kind Socrates loved to exploit, if the various kinds of analogous name are species of a genus. But it ...

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8. Analogy and Discovery

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pp. 142-151

One of the benefits of achieving clarity about the claim that 'analogy' itself is an analogous term is that we see that only one of the meanings of the term refers to analogous names. It follows that there is something quixotic in trying to make those other meanings of 'analogy' part ...

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9. Analogy and Participation

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pp. 152-163

In this chapter, two matters are discussed: first, the so-called 'analogy of being'; second, the application of the doctrine of analogous names to talk about God.1 The Analogy of Being. The account that we have given of the analogous name, the one we profess to ...

Select Bibliography

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pp. 165-166

Index

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pp. 167-169

Back Cover

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E-ISBN-13: 9780813220741
Print-ISBN-13: 9780813209326

Page Count: 180
Publication Year: 2012