Aquinas the Augustinian
Publication Year: 2007
Published by: The Catholic University of America Press
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Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
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This book had its origins in a conference sponsored by the Aquinas Center for Theological Renewal at Ave Maria University in February 2005. We wish to thank first all those people who were involved with the conference, especially Mercedes Cox, who so superbly assisted us in organizing it. ...
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Partly in response to neo-Thomistic criticisms of Augustine, the relationship between Augustine’s thought and Thomas Aquinas’s received a central place in the French Dominican Marie-Dominique Chenu’s research on Aquinas. Thomas Aquinas inherits from Augustine a theological and philosophical patrimony, says Chenu, ...
1. Trinitarian Theology as Spiritual Exercise in Augustine and Aquinas
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St. Thomas presents his speculative Trinitarian doctrine as an extension or personal development of the teaching of the Fathers and of St. Augustine in particular. Thus, for example, when he introduces his teaching on Trinitarian relations, St. Thomas explains that he is going to unfold it “by following the statements of the holy [Fathers]”;1 ...
2. Aquinas the Augustinian? On the Uses of Augustinein Aquinas’s Trinitarian Theology
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Deep in the Summa theologiae’s questions on the Trinity, St. Thomas Aquinas detects a problem in the Trinitarian theology of St. Augustine. The issue, very extensively discussed in medieval Trinitarian theology from the twelfth century on, is whether the divine essence generates, or is generated—whether the essence itself, ...
3. Theology and Theory of the Word in Aquinas: Understanding Augustine by Innovating Aristotle
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In contemporary discussions, Aquinas’s theory of the word plays a role mainly in certain philosophical issues, in particular the semantic and epistemological status of the inner word (verbum interius) or concept and the question whether Aquinas represents some form of direct realism or representationalism.1 ...
4. Augustine, Aristotelianism, and Aquinas: Three Varieties of Philosophical Adaptation
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Etienne Gilson used to claim, not least in Being and Some Philosophers, that Platonists are regularly confused (at best) about the relation between essence and existence: I presume that his attention was primarily directed not at some ancient Platonist, but at Avicenna, who, in distinguishing essence and existence, was induced to argue that existence is an accident of essence.1 ...
5. Imago Dei: A Test Case for St. Thomas’s Augustinianism
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The topic of man as the imago Dei is a prominent theme in St. Thomas’s major systematic works, including his Scriptum super libros sententarium Magistri Petri Lombardi (Commentary on the Sentences), the Quaestiones disputatae de veritate (De veritate) and the Summa theologiae (Summa). ...
6. Augustine and Aquinas on Original Sin: Doctrine, Authority, and Pedagogy
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My interest in this topic stems from my graduate school days, when I began studying the Fathers and then the moral teaching of Thomas Aquinas. When it came to assessing the reach and influence of Augustine’s teachings in the thirteenth century, our teachers instructed us always to remember that Augustine’s principal conduit ...
7. “Without Me You Can Do Nothing”: St. Thomas with and without St. Augustine on John 15:5
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Both St. Augustine and St. Thomas commented on the Gospel according to John. As we might expect, St. Thomas learned much about the fourth gospel from St. Augustine. In his own commentary, St. Thomas cites him more than any other patristic writer. ...
8. Aquinas, Augustine, and the Medieval Scholastic Crisis concerning Charity
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One of the dangers of applying the scholastic method of dialectical questioning to the study of theology is that one may pose a question that one’s culture does not yet know how to answer, or at least not answer well. This is precisely what happened when the early scholastics of the twelfth century started to pose questions about Augustine’s portrayal of charity.1 ...
9. Augustine and Aquinas on the Good Shepherd: The Value of an Exegetical Tradition
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How does the patristic-medieval tradition of biblical interpretation flow from and shape a Christological understanding of ecclesial authority? In seeking to answer this question, this essay will focus upon exegesis of Jesus’ depiction of himself in John’s Gospel as the “good shepherd” (Jn 10:1–18). I will proceed in three steps. ...
10. Reading Augustine through Dionysius: Aquinas’s Correction of One Platonism by Another
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Nothing presents more problems for those who would enter the mentality of the medieval philosophical theologian than the task which has been set for this volume. Trying to judge the influence on Thomas Aquinas’s doctrine of one of his authoritative ancient sources requires us to surrender, at least provisionally, what we think we know about the authority in question. ...
11. Wisdom Eschatology in Augustine and Aquinas
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The theme “Aquinas the Augustinian” provides an occasion to overcome some contemporary stereotypes that pit a Platonic St. Augustine against an Aristotelian St. Thomas Aquinas. Augustine, in this scenario, is a world-despising rigorist wrapped up in a subject-centered, self-communicative approach to questions, ...
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Production Notes, Back Cover
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Page Count: 319
Publication Year: 2007