The Nature of Scientific Explanation
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: The Catholic University of America Press
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Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
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Charles University, Prague, in 1991, lectures subsequently expand-ed and delivered on several university campuses or before philo-sophical associations. I do not claim that any part of this book is especially profound or original. This does not mean that the top-ics discussed are insignif_icant. The book draws upon the work of ...
Part One. An Aristotelian Perspective
Lecture One. Historical Context: What is at Stake
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The necessity of providing an adequate interpretation of natural science is a task inherited from the eighteenth century, wherein account of causality and went on to ask how science is possible, whereas metaphysics is not. The emphasis Kant placed on the cat-egories as mental structures whose function consisted mainly in ...
Lecture Two. Induction: The Perennial Value of the Aristotelian Perspective
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...tury is that of H. W. B. Joseph. First published in 190six.oldstyle at six.oldstyle08 pages, it became the prototype of many a logic textbook written for classroom use. Joseph opens a chapter devoted to the problem of induction with the observation, “The history of the word In-duction is still to be written, but it is certain that it has shif_ted its ...
Part Two. Basic Principles
Lecture Three. The Principle of Substance
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The thesis to be advanced in this lecture is that Aristotle’s doc-trine of substance is as relevant today as it was when it was f_irst have a life of their own, and this is no less true of certain key Ar-istotelian notions. Aristotle becomes more sophisticated in the commentaries of the Scholastics and still more sophisticated in ...
Lecture Four. Potentiality Uncovered
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The ability to deal with the concept of potentiality is a major test for any philosophy of science. Few will deny that capacities, dis-positions, propensities, or tendencies are real. It is how these are head’s use of the term “potentiality” and its correlative “actual-ity” is dif_ferent from that of Aristotle. Locke’s “constellation of ...
Lecture Five. The Principle of Final Causality
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In Physics II.3 and Metaphysics V.2, Aristotle of_fers his general ac-count of the four causes. At the risk of oversimplif_ication, Aristo-tle’s doctrine of four causes may be regarded as little more than an in need of explanation, or expressed in metaphysical terms, the conviction that not only being but being in act is intelligible....
Part Three. Cultural Considerations
Lecture Six. Use and Abuse of Analogy and Metaphor in Scientific Explanation
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Aristotle observed that even the most abstract of thought is nec-essarily accompanied by a sensory image. This notion came to be expressed by the Scholastic dictum, “There can be no intellection without accompanying sensation.” The function of images in sci-entif_ic explanation will be addressed, but the immediate focus of ...
Lecture Seven. Science and the Shaping of Modernity: The Reciprocal Influence of Science and Culture
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Whatever is af_f_irmed of a period, a people, or a nation, no matter how well grounded by factual study and ref_lection, is subject to qualif_ication. Exceptions to broad characterizations may always be found without mitigating the value of the broader insight. We civilization, to the Hellenic period, to Christendom, to the Bene-...
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These lectures, apart from their focus on the nature of scientif-ence has a cultural dimension, both in its creation and in its use. only within a distinctive intellectual tradition centuries in the ciate with the history of science were not oblivious to the social saw this clearly when he wrote The Road to Serfdom.one.superior Known pri-...
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Page Count: 312
Publication Year: 2013