The Logic of Religion
Publication Year: 2010
Published by: The Catholic University of America Press
Title Page, Copyright
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I. Religion as an Object of Philosophical Study
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The focus of this study is Western religion. The word “religion” is itself a Latin word, and its meaning is to be found in the classical texts where it is first employed. The concept itself antedates the word. We find extended discussions of religion in antiquity and later in the Middle Ages. ...
II. Greek and Roman Insights into the Nature of Religion: Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Cicero, Seneca
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The Greek mind had a well-developed sense of “piety,” piety in the sense that it disposed one to acknowledge debt, e.g., to one’s parents, to one’s country, and to the wellsprings of one’s being. ...
III. Christian Conceptions of Belief: Early Church Fathers, Augustine
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With the advent of Christianity, Western thought underwent a dramatic shift. At the beginning of the Christian era there prevailed in Hellenistic philosophy the image of a universe imbued with reason and consequently shorn of mystery. The universe was regarded as intelligible, its design discernible by science and philosophy. ...
VI. The Relation of Faith to Reason in Aquinas and the Reformers: Aquinas, Luther, Calvin
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St. Thomas Aquinas (1224-74) is regarded as the greatest of medieval theologians, and the study of his philosophy has been recommended by every pope since his death. It was specifically endorsed by Leo XIII in his encyclical Aeternae Patris (1879), which enjoined the Catholic world to study Thomas as an antidote to the secular and atheistic philosophies of his day. ...
V. Modern Interpretations of Religion, I: Hume, Kant, Hegel, Kierkegaard
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With John Locke, David Hume (1711-76) is one of the most influential philosophers of the eighteenth century. Outside of philosophical circles, Hume is best known for his six-volume History of England, which appeared between 1754 and 1776. Following his death, at least fifty editions of his History of England appeared before 1894. ...
VI. Modern Interpretations of Religion, II: Mill, Marx, Dewey, Freud
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It remains necessary to consider additional attitudes or theories of religion that gained widespread acceptance in the English-speaking world of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.We begin with John Stuart Mill (1806-73), whose influence in the United States was pronounced. ...
VII. Religion and the State in Western Democracies: Jacques Maritain
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Throughout the course of Western history, kings, princes, and statesmen as well as philosophers have recognized the importance of the unity of thought among the peoples subject to rule. To preserve its very being, it has been thought the state must preserve that which bonds the people and makes a nation possible. ...
VIII. Religion and the State under U.S. Constitution: John Courtney Murray
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Maritain’s contribution to the discussion is an analysis which shows religion’s indispensable function in society and the concomitant obligation of the state to provide an impartial and unencumbered aid to ensure enlightened internal development within religious bodies. ...
IX. Oriental Religions and Similar Cultural Manifestations: Buddhism, Confucianism
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The theories of religion heretofore considered subsequent to the classical period have focused on Christianity.While Christianity shaped Western culture and in fact may be said to define Western identity, a full treatment of religion from an historical or sociological perspective would have to consider the religions ...
X. The Unity of Religious Experience
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The focus of this study is Western religion. Its salient features, however, are analogously present in Eastern religion and other cultural expressions. Considerations of Eastern religion and primitive religion are instructive, indeed indispensable, in understanding the logic of religion. ...
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Page Count: 184
Publication Year: 2010