Questions concerning Aristotle's On Animals (The Fathers of the Church
Mediaeval Continuation, Volume 9)
Publication Year: 2011
Published by: The Catholic University of America Press
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The translators benefited from the assistance of numerous scholars and librarians who responded to various inquiries. It would be difficult to list them all here, and we would run the risk of offending by omission, but we would be remiss if we failed to express our appreciation to Dr. Henryk Anzulewicz of ...
Guides to Editorial Convention and Abbreviations
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Introduction: Albert the Great’s Questions concerning “On Animals”
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During the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, a number of previously unknown works by (or attributed to) Aristotle became available in Latin in medieval Europe. In the twelfth century, many of these were translated from Arabic sources, especially by translators in Spain like Gerard of Cremona. In the thirteenth century, scholars increasingly sought Greek exemplars ...
Questions Concerning Aristotle's On Animals
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... 2. Moreover, if it were about animals, then it would concern either some or all animals. But it is not more about some than others, and it would therefore be about them all. But this is impossible, since then it would seem to be infinite and the infinite cannot be known by humans. ...
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"CERTAIN MEMBERS of animals,” etc.1 With respect to this second book, one asks whether the cause of similarity or dissimilarity among the members of various animals occurs as a result of the complexion of mixables or on account of the soul.2 ...
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... 1. It seems not. The natural power [vis naturalis] is in charge of providing nourishment for plants and in animals.2 But there are no veins in plants delegated for nourishment. But a vein does not exist for another purpose, and therefore veins are not necessary. ...
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... 1. And it seems that they are hot. This is because the container draws the content to its own complexion. But the sea is salty and, consequently, hot. Therefore, marine animals and those lacking blood are hot. ...
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"ABOVE WE DISCUSSED the disposition of all the members of animals,” etc.1 In this fifth book one asks about generation, and first one asks about coition and propagation.2 First, whether coition is necessary for the generation of an animal. ...
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"IT IS NECESSARY that in addition to what we said, .....” etc.1 This sixth book is mainly concerned with egglaying. And one asks first whether flyers naturally have to generate by laying eggs. ...
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"THE NATURE AND generation of animals,” etc.1 In this seventh book the Philosopher makes a determination concerning the disposition and behaviors of animals. One asks first in this seventh book why the Philosopher says in the text, “nature proceeds from the non-living to the living,”2 and whether the non-living is naturally prior to the living. ...
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"NOW THE TYPES of animal vary,” etc.1 In this eighth book the Philosopher makes a determination regarding friendship or enmity among animals. This is why it is asked whether friendship and enmity are present in brute beasts. ...
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"A DISCUSSION, THEN, concerning the principle of human [generation],”1 etc. In this ninth book one asks first, at what time human generation especially should take place. ...
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"PERHAPS IT HAPPENS to certain men,” etc.1 Here a determination is made concerning an obstacle to generation. A question is first raised concerning this issue in the tenth book, namely, whether the mother or the father is more responsible for an obstacle to generation. ...
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"ON EVERY NOBLE opinion,” etc.2 In this eleventh book one makes a determination regarding the scientific process. This is why in this eleventh book one inquires first whether there is a double mode of proceeding in science: one, descriptive,3 and the other by assigning causes. ...
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"WE HAVE ALREADY stated above that the members,” etc.1 In his twelfth book the Philosopher establishes the composition of parts. Therefore, with respect to this, the twelfth book, we first inquire whether similar parts are immediately generated from the elements. ...
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"IT FOLLOWS NOW to speak about the nature of the teeth,” etc.1 In this thirteenth book one should first inquire about the heart, because earlier there was an investigation into teeth and nails. And first one inquires into the complexion of the heart.2 ...
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"THE DISPOSITION, then, follows in this manner,” etc.1 Here the Philosopher makes a determination regarding the parts of bloodless animals. And this is why one inquires for the first time in Book Fourteen whether or not bile [fel] is only a superfluity.2 ...
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"WE HAVE ALREADY determined above,” etc.1 With regard to this fifteenth book, one first inquires into sex, and whether sex is necessary for the generation of animals. ...
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... 1. It seems that it is. For everything that has any consequent operations has a principle of these operations. But semen has operations, of which the soul is the principle, because it is nourished and grows and is moved, and these things are found only in animated things. Therefore, etc. ...
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"WE HAVE ALREADY discussed the cause of sterility,” etc.1 In this seventeenth book one inquires first whether there ought to be a distinction among the parts in birds’ eggs. ...
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"WE HAVE ALREADY spoken above about the generation of animals,” etc.1 One first inquires in this eighteenth book into the differentiation of the sexes. And first one asks whether the strength of the power causes the generation of a male. ...
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"CONSIDERATION MUST be given to the accidents by which [the members] are diversified,” etc. 1 In this nineteenth book, first one inquires whether the embryo is nourished before its formation. ...
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Page Count: 608
Publication Year: 2011
Series Title: The Fathers of the Church: Mediaeval Continuation