Commentary on Matthew (The Fathers of the Church, Volume 117)
Publication Year: 2010
Published by: The Catholic University of America Press
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St. Jerome (347–420) is one of the four Doctors of the Latin Church, alongside St. Augustine (d. 430), St. Ambrose (d. 397), and Pope St. Gregory the Great (d. 604).2 Much of his fame rests upon the important role he played in the translation of the Bible...
COMMENTARY ON MATTHEW
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THAT THERE WERE MANY who wrote gospels, both Luke the evangelist testifies, when he says: “Since indeed many have tried to tell a story of the things that have been completed among us...
Book One (Matthew 1.1–10.42)
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THE BOOK OF THE genealogy of Jesus Christ (Mt 1.1). We read in Isaiah: “Who shall declare his genealogy?”1 Let us not therefore think that the Gospel is contrary to the prophet, so that what the one...
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2.2. “For we have seen his star in the east.” To the confusion of the Jews, in order that they might learn about the birth of Christ from the Gentiles, a star rises in the east. They had known that this would happen by the prediction of Balaam...
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3.2. “Do penance, for the kingdom of heaven has come near.” First, John the Baptist proclaims the kingdom of heaven, so that the Lord’s precursor might be honored with this privilege...
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4.1. Then he was led into the desert by the Spirit. It is scarcely to be doubted that he was led by the Holy Spirit. For these words follow: 4.1. To be tempted by the devil...
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5.1. And seeing the crowds, he went up on a mountain, and when he had sat down, his disciples came to him. The Lord goes up to the mountains to draw the crowds toward deeper matters with...
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6.2. “Therefore, when you give alms, do not sound a trumpet ahead of you as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and streets, in order that they may be honored by men.” The one who sounds a trumpet while giving alms is a hypocrite, the one who prays in the synagogues...
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7.1. “Do not judge that you not be judged.” If he prohibits judging, how is it consistent that Paul judges the fornicator in Corinth, and Peter convicts Ananias and Sapphira of...
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8.1–2. When he had come down from the mountain, great crowds followed him. And behold, a leper came and was worshiping him. When the Lord comes down from the mountain, the crowds run to him, because they had been incapable of ascending...
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9.1–2. And he came to his own city. And behold, they brought to him a paralytic lying on a mat. Now when Jesus saw their faith, he said to the paralytic: “Take courage, son, your sins are forgiven you,” and the rest. By “his city”...
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10.1. And having summoned his twelve disciples, he gave them power over unclean spirits, that they might cast them out, and to cure every kind of disease and infirmity. The kind and clement Lord and...
Book Two (Matthew 11.2–16.12)
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BUT WHEN JOHN HEARD in prison of the works of Christ, he sent two of his disciples to say to him: “Are you he who is to come, or do we wait for another?” (11.2–3) He asks, but not as one who is ignorant of the answer...
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12.1. At that time Jesus went through the standing grain on the Sabbath; and his disciples, being hungry, began to pluck ears of grain and to eat. As we also read in another evangelist,63 on account of excessive importunity they did not even have the chance...
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13.1–2. On that day Jesus went out of the house and was sitting near the sea. Great crowds were gathered unto him. The people were not able to enter the house of Jesus nor to be there where the apostles were listening to the mysteries. Therefore, the compassionate...
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14.1–2. At that time Herod the tetrarch heard about the fame of Jesus, and he said to his servants: “This is John the Baptist; he has risen from the dead, and that is why miraculous powers are at work in him.” Some ecclesiastical interpreters seek the reasons why Herod...
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15.2. “Why do your disciples transgress the tradition of the elders?” The foolishness of the Pharisees and scribes is remarkable. They accuse the Son of God of not keeping the traditions and commands of men...
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16.2–3. But he answered and said to them: “When evening comes, you say: ‘It will be fair, for the sky is red’; and in the morning: ‘Today there will be a storm, for the sky is red and threatening.’ You know, then...
Book Three (Matthew 16.13–22.40)
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Matthew 16, continued
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OW WHEN JESUS CAME into the region of Caesarea Philippi (16.13). This Philip is the brother of the Herod of whom we spoke above.1 He was the tetrarch of the regions of Iturea...
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17.1. And after six days, Jesus took Peter, James, and John, his brother. We have frequently talked about57 how in certain passages of the Gospels, Peter, James, and John are separated from the others, and about what privileges they had beyond the other...
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18.1. At that hour the disciples came to Jesus, saying: “Who do you think is greatest in the kingdom of heaven?” What I have often warned about should be observed here as well. Reasons need to be inquired into for each of the Lord’s statements and deeds...
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19.3. And the Pharisees came to him, testing him and saying: “Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife for any cause?” He had come from Galilee to Judea. That is why the sect of the Pharisees and scribes asks him whether it is lawful...
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20.1–2. “The kingdom of heaven is like a householder who went out early in the morning to hire workers for his vineyard. After agreeing with the workers for a denarius a day, he sent them into his vineyard.” This parable or similitude of the kingdom..
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21.1–3. And when they had drawn near to Jerusalem and had come to Bethphage at the Mount of Olives, then Jesus sent two disciples, saying to them: “Go into the village that is opposite you, and at once you will find a donkey tied up and a colt with it. Untie them...
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22.1–3. And in response Jesus spoke to them in parables, saying: “The kingdom of heaven is like a man who was a king who made a marriage for his son and sent his servant to call those who were invited to the marriage, and they would not come.”...
Book Four (Matthew 22.41–28.20)
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Matthew 22, continued
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NOW WHILE THE PHARISEES were gathered together, Jesus asked them a question, saying: “What does it seem to you about the Christ? Whose son is he?” They said to him: “David’s...
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23.1–3. Then Jesus spoke to the crowds and to his disciples, saying: “The scribes and Pharisees sit on Moses’ seat; therefore, observe and do everything that they tell you, but do not do according to their works; for they say, and do not do.” What could be gentler...
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24.1–2. And having left the Temple, Jesus went away. And his disciples came to him to show him the building of the Temple. But he answered and said to them: “Do you see all these things? Amen I say to you: Not a stone shall be left here upon a stone which will not be...
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25.1–2. “Then the kingdom of heaven will be like ten virgins who took their lamps and went out to meet the bridegroom and the bride;137 five of them were foolish and five were wise,” etc. To...
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26.1–2. And it came about that when Jesus had finished all these words he said to his disciples: “You know that after two days the Passover is coming, and the Son of man will be handed over to be crucified.”...
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27.1–2. But when morning came, all the chief priests and elders of the people took counsel against Jesus, in order to hand him over to death. And they brought him bound and handed him over to Pontius Pilate the governor. He was led not only to Pilate but also to Herod...
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28.1. Now on the evening of the sabbath, at dawn on the first day of the week, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary came to see the tomb. The fact that different times for these women are described in the Gospels is not a sign of falsehood...
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Index of Holy Scripture
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Index of Greek Words Cited
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Page Count: 363
Publication Year: 2010
Series Title: The Fathers of the Church: A New Translation