The Church in the Republic
Gallicanism and political ideology in Renaissance France
Publication Year: 2012
Published by: The Catholic University of America Press
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The research and writing of this book were funded in part by grants from The Johns Hopkins University, the Ministère des Affaires Etrangères of the Republic of France, the Mellon Foundation, Roosevelt University, and the National Endowment for the Humanities. The research was carried out at a number of libraries and archives, all of which provided...
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So, over a century and a half ago, the father of modern historiography summarized the world-historical importance of French political culture. While the very idea of the world-historical has fallen into disuse, and even Marxists no longer speak in terms of a dialectic of theory and practice, Ranke’s analysis remains convincing...
1. Gallicanism from Reform to History
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The Gallicanism of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries formed an organic part of the great tradition of medieval ecclesiastical reform. From the eleventh century onward, Western Christendom was swept by wave after wave of enthusiasm for the project of purifying the Church: of removing it from the corrupting...
2. Custom, History, and Law
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Gallican theorists of the later sixteenth and seventeenth centuries had a favorite motto, drawn from the Vulgate version of Proverbs 22:28. Readers glancing at the title pages of the various collections of tracts and documents published by the arch-Gallican Pierre Pithou and his successors were admonished “pass not the bounds that your...
3. Gallicanism in the Wars of Religion
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In the generation of the Wars of Religion, then, Gallican jurists developed a new, humanist, ideological complex that largely replaced its medieval predecessor. This ideology provided a way for them to assert their continued importance in the political discourse in a period when they had few concrete political victories to boast of. This point...
4. The Problem of Jurisdiction
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Julien Peleus was a fairly successful avocat at the Paris bar near the beginning of the seventeenth century, and produced two typical and moderately successful casebooks. One, the Questions illustres from 1608, began with a case illustrating the following problem...
5. Gallicanism as a Political Ideology
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By the end of the wars of religion, the erudite Gallicans’ jurisdictionalism was more explicit, more systematic, and more vigorous than it had ever been before. After 1588, it had been a vital instrument of a royal policy faced with the desperate and seemingly implacable hostility of the papacy and of much French Catholic...
6. Assemblies of the Clergy and Absolute Monarchy
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Between the mid-sixteenth and the eighteenth centuries the machinery of the old regime gained only two entirely new institutions. Both were religious in character, and both arose as a direct result of the religious wars. The first, and less durable, was the religion prétendue réformée, the Protestant church itself, recognized in the pacification...
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In many ways, the Estates General of 1615 and the Assembly of the Clergy of 1617 marked the high point both of erudite Gallicanism and of the clerical reaction to it. Having failed in their attempt to impose their own vision of a stable monarchy controlling ecclesiastical jurisdiction, and faced with the ever more complete collapse of juristic influence...
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Page Count: 336
Publication Year: 2012
Edition: 1st ed.