Hitler's Man in Havana
Heinz Luning and Nazi Espionage in Latin America
Publication Year: 2008
Published by: The University Press of Kentucky
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Latin America was one of the few parts of the world that was not directly involved in World War II. As air raids and land campaigns laid waste to cities and countryside in Asia, Europe, and Africa, Latin America appeared to have remained at the margins of the drama that engulfed the vast portion of humanity. ...
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On August 31, 1942, the combined efforts of British, Cuban, and U.S. counterintelligence captured a German Abwehr (intelligence) agent, A-3779, Heinz August Adolf Sirich L
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Introduction: Pushed to the Edge of Defeat in 1942
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The LÃ¼ning episode had characteristics of the contemporary âweapons of mass destructionâ phenomenon. It was seized as an opportunity to manipulate opinion and to produce beneficial rewards and consequences for these manipulators. Political, military, and counterespionage leaders sought praise, prestige, and power for their institutions. ...
1. A Troubled Life
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In September 1942, the recently captured Nazi Abwehr agent in Havana Heinz August L
2. The World He Scarcely Knew
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Despite being considered by several Allied officials the most important Nazi spy caught in Latin America during World War II, Heinz L
3. Back to School! Trained as a Nazi Spy
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In July 1941, Hans Joachim Koelln arranged for LuÌning to enter the Abwehr academy in Hamburg. From the beginning, LuÌning seemed anxious to go to the Western Hemisphere. Later, after he was captured, rumors surfaced about earlier Abwehr service. ...
4. Tested in Action
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Despite a rather dismal record of education in his young life, LÃ¼ning had finished the Abwehr academy. This may say more about the Abwehrâs need for agents than LÃ¼ningâs maturity or suitability as an agent. Perhaps the Abwehr was more concerned about getting people into Latin America than locating and training qualified agents. ...
5. Failure and Fatality
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To all appearances, the Germans operated an effective, dangerous spy network. The evidence was the catastrophically successful German U-boat campaign in the Gulf-Caribbean from February to November 1942. Presumably, terminating the German spy network in the Caribbean would involve hard work, intrigue, cunning, and humor. ...
6. Their Man in Havana
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On October 25, 1942, Washington, D.C., police motorcycles escorted a vain Cuban chief of police, General Manuel BenÃtez, through the capital, for a meeting with J. Edgar Hoover. BenÃtez and Hoover basked in the light of photographersâ flashbulbs as they shared the glory of capturing Germanyâs master spy in the Americas. They also shared a cover-up. ...
7. Graham Greene's Man in Havana
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LÃ¼ning was reincarnated fifteen years later in the guise of James Wormold, Great Britainâs and Graham Greeneâs âman in Havana.â Graham Greene, who served in MI6 and shared responsibility for oversight of British counterespionage in the Caribbean in 1943 and 1944, apparently drew on the importance assigned to LÃ¼ning and the large volume of ma-...
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LÃ¼ningâs brief career served others more effectively than it served him. He was, in fact, first Hitlerâs, then Canarisâs, BenÃtezâs, Batistaâs, Bradenâs, and Hooverâs man in Havana. After the war, LÃ¼ning became Theodore Koopâs, Kurt Singerâs, Klaus-Peter Bochowâs, and Graham Greeneâs man in Havana. ...
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Page Count: 256
Publication Year: 2008