Kentucky Government, Politics, and Public Policy
Publication Year: 2013
The cornerstone of the American republic is an educated, active, and engaged citizenry; however, the multifaceted inner workings of government and the political forces that shape it are incredibly complex. Kentucky Government, Politics, and Public Policy is the first book in nearly three decades to provide a comprehensive overview of the commonwealth's major governing and political institutions and the public policy issues that profoundly affect Kentuckians' daily lives.
In this groundbreaking volume, editors James C. Clinger and Michael W. Hail have assembled respected scholars from across the state to inform citizens about their governing institutions, the consequences of their policy choices, and the intricacies of the political process. They provide clear and authoritative information on Kentucky's government and explain significant trends and patterns, exploring the legacy of the state's political history and illuminating the contributions of influential Kentucky politicians such as Henry Clay, Abraham Lincoln, and Jefferson Davis.
The contributors also address essential topics such as the structure and function of the three branches of government, the constitution, and federalism and intergovernmental relations, as well as administration, budgeting, and finance. They analyze key issues in education policy, economic and community development, and health care in great detail, explaining persistently controversial topics such as campaign finance, the cost of elections, ethics, and the oversight of regulatory agencies. From the executive branch to the legislature, from the court system to political parties, there is no better primer on government in the commonwealth.
Published by: The University Press of Kentucky
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Clark Medallion Book information
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...ory and contributions of Dr. Thomas Dionysius Clark (1903– 2005). A beloved teacher, prolifi c author, resolute activist, and an enthusiastic advocate of publications about Kentucky and the region, Dr. Clark helped establish the University of Kentucky Press in 1943, which was reor ga nized in 1969 as the University Press of Kentucky, the state- ...
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Foreword / McConnell
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Suffering as I do from a lifetime addiction to American history— especially Kentucky history— I must confess, I could not fi nd a better place to work than the United States Senate. In the halls of Congress, the history of the Bluegrass State comes alive In my offi ce in the Capitol hang not one but two portraits of Henry Clay, one of the greatest Kentuckians to serve in Congress. A bronze bust of Clay stands near my desk. ...
Foreword / Grayson
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I had the distinct honor of serving as Kentucky’s Secretary of State from 2004 to early 2011. My offi ce, located in the corner of the fi rst fl oor of the Capitol— the executive fl oor of the Capitol— gave me a unique vantage point. I was both a participant and an observer in an exciting and interesting, if not entirely productive, period in Kentucky politics. As I think back on those years and the periods before and after, it is clear to ...
Introduction: Taking Kentucky Politics Seriously
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Kentucky politics has been a source of amusement for residents of the Commonwealth for generations, as illustrated by the famous Kentucky orator Judge James Hillary Mul-ligan, who wrote in his often quoted poem “In Kentucky” for the legislature in 1902, “The landscape is the grandest— and politics— the damnedest . . . . In Kentucky.”1 Cit-izens of other states, who only occasionally hear of the goings- on in Frankfort or in the ...
Part I: State and Local Institutions
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1. The Kentucky Constitition
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The Kentucky Constitution, drafted in 1890– 1891 and ratifi ed in 1891, is the last of four constitutions of the state. The fi rst was adopted in 1792 as part of the Commonwealth’s admission to the Union. George Nicholas, a transplanted Virginia lawyer and a delegate to the 1792 convention, wrote most of the document. He took 75 of the 107 sections, verbatim or substantially, from the Pennsylvania Constitution of 1790, including 27 of 28 ...
2. Federalism and Intergovernmental Relations in the Commonwealth of Kentucky
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This chapter covers American federalism with a focus on Kentucky politics. The poli-tics of federalism is examined from a comparative perspective for purposes of insti-tutional analysis with other states. The founding and historical development of the Kentucky Constitution are described, including the parallels with national federalism, such as the separation of powers and the system of checks and balances. The govern-...
3. The Kentucky General Assembly: Divided by Party, United by Necessity
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The two chambers of the Kentucky General Assembly, like the state legislatures of many other states, have been divided in party control in recent de cades. In the Ken-tucky legislature the Republican party has held a majority in the Senate since 2000, while the Demo crats have held a majority in the House of Representatives for as long as any living Kentuckian can remember. The two chambers enjoy an uneasy coexis-...
4. The Kentucky Executive Branch
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The second most powerful man in the United States, after the President of the Since the early days of the Commonwealth, the Kentucky executive branch has been riddled with assassination, po liti cal scandal, and even a coup d’état. This chapter will explore both the institutional and personal aspects of the evolution of the Ken-tucky executive branch. The state has witnessed changes in or ga ni za tion, mission, and ...
5. Gubernatorial-Legislative Relations: Executive Dominance No Longer
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Until 1980 Kentucky’s legislative branch was clearly dominated by strong governors. Governors like Wendell Ford and Julian Carroll were able to have virtually all their major legislative proposals passed and to block virtually every bill they opposed. Their bud get proposals were routinely passed with little or no change, usually by a unani-mous vote. In addition, because of both constitutional and po liti cal factors, overriding ...
6. The Kentucky Judicial System
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Kentucky has adopted four constitutions, in 1792, 1799, 1850, and the current one in 1891. The fi rst two created a judicial system much like that of Virginia, which had furnished a plurality of settlers to the new state. They established the Court of Ap-peals as the only appellate court. Multicounty circuit courts handled major civil and criminal cases. The governor appointed Court of Appeals and circuit judges for life. ...
7. State and Local Public Administration
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Public administration at the state and local levels, as at the national level, is about im-plementing the programs and policies established by the legislative, executive, and even (at times) judicial branches of government. Because most programs and policies are established only in a general and partial form, the bureaucracy is responsible for the particulars of their complete implementation, and as a result, bureaucrats (who are ...
8. Public Finance and State and Local Budgeting
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The prolonged U.S. recession has had a major impact on state bud gets, and Kentucky is no exception. From 2007 to 2009 state revenue has fallen by 5 percent, or approxi-mately half a billion dollars. Projections for the 2010– 2012 biennial bud get showed a gap of $1.5 billion. The governor, faced with a projected bud get shortfall, proposed a bud get that relied on the expansion of gaming to reduce the bud get gap. Although ...
9. Political Parties and Elections in Kentucky
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Kentucky holds a unique place in the po liti cal landscape with regard to po liti cal par-ties and electoral outcomes. The overall pattern has been one of Demo cratic Party dominance, which makes the state similar to many of its neighbors to the south. How-ever, unlike most southern states, the Commonwealth has also always had pockets of Republican Party strength. Parties and elections in Kentucky are also characterized ...
Part II: Politics and Public Policy Issues
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10. Campaign Finance in Kentucky: Escalating Costs and the Search for Reform
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For almost half a century campaign fi nance reform has seemed to remain an issue that simply will not go away. In the 1960s the Kennedy administration began an examina-tion of ways to deal with the escalation of media costs in federal elections, and in 1974 and 1976 the U.S. Congress passed the most comprehensive campaign fi nance reform laws in the nation’s history. More federal legislation followed, as did efforts by the ...
11. Intermittent Attention: Political Oversight a=of Kentucky Regulartory Agencies
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The Kentucky Constitution, like the constitutions of many states, provides for a very explicit separation of powers among the different “departments” (i.e., branches) of government.1 This complicates oversight of state bureaucracies by elected leaders in the executive and the legislature. In any separation- of- powers system both legislators and elected executives have both the incentive and, to some extent, the power to exert ...
12. Look before You Leap: Louisville's Merger and Its Aftermath
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Americans revere change. We are a dynamic people— always moving and always strug-gling to “keep up with the times.” Indeed, the idea of change is a pop u lar po liti cal slogan. In 1960 John F. Kennedy ran for the presidency on the platform that we must “get America moving again.” Nearly a half century later Barack Obama won the presidency on a promise of change. Every industry from high tech to music posits change as a central ...
13. From Fragmentation to Collaboration: The Evolution of Interlocal Relations in Northern Kentucky
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Over the years interlocal government relations in northern Kentucky have evolved from disunity and fragmentation to regional cooperation and collaboration. This chap-ter begins with a discussion of a conceptual framework of interlocal relations based on the literature. The next section provides background information on northern Ken-tucky, including the number of local governments in the region, the long history of a ...
14. Education Reform in Kentucky: Just What the Court Ordered
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This chapter discusses primary- and secondary- education policy in Kentucky and the po liti cal and environmental forces that have led to signifi cant policy changes over the years. The primary emphasis of our policy coverage is, fi rst, an analysis of the po liti cal decision making that led to sweeping policy changes called for in the 1989 Kentucky Supreme Court decision in Rose v. Council for Better Education and implemented ...
15. Hiring Practices in the State of Kentucky: The Ethical Conundrum
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Ideals of ethics are grounded in competing perspectives. Principles such as the great-est good for the greatest number, ser vice to the public, and natural law serve as rough guides for ethical action. Ethics as an academic subdiscipline has gained a respectable degree of attention within the fi elds of po liti cal science and public administration. Much of the work in this area refers to universal theories of right or wrong behavior....
16. Developmental Disability Policies in Kentucky
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We are all familiar with at least some aspects of disability policy. When we go shop-ping, we see accessible parking spaces reserved for individuals with disabilities. In school we have classmates who are receiving special educational ser vices. When we are walking on the sidewalk, we come to curb cuts designed to facilitate the movement of those with mobility impairments. When we enter buildings, we see electronic door-...
17. Economic and Community Development in Kentucky
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The most enduring policy concern in Kentucky politics is economic development. Gov-ernors, state legislators, senators, congressmen, mayors, and county judge- executives all give special attention to job creation and business growth. As Congressman Harold “Hal” Rogers, a Republican representing the Fifth District of Kentucky, often states with determination, his goal is that “no young person should have to leave home” to ...
18. National Health-Care reform and Health in Kentucky
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In 1993 Demo cratic governor Brereton Jones proposed “quality, affordable health care for every Kentuckian.”1 In the early 1990s the Kentucky public overwhelmingly sup-ported such action; about 90 percent of randomly polled Kentuckians believed that health care was a fundamental right, 70 percent were willing to pay higher taxes for universal coverage, and 75 percent favored a payroll tax on companies that did not ...
19. The Politics of Kentucky Pharmacy Regulation
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This chapter examines pharmaceutical health policy in Kentucky by exploring the po liti-cal pro cess behind the Commonwealth’s implementation of some key pharmaceutical regulations. Pharmaceutical regulations affect the distribution, sale, and access to medi-cations, and are often po liti cally contentious because of the infl uence of opposing well- fi nanced interest groups, such as medical professional organizations, the pharmaceutical ...
Part III. Kentucky Politics: Past, Present, and Future
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20. Future Political Developments in the Commonwealth
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The review of Kentucky institutions and public policy issues presented in this book reveals a composite picture of challenges similar to those facing other states in the American system of federalism. But challenges are not new, and Kentucky has had a long tradition of producing leaders in national politics who faced challenges and cre-ated some new ones of their own. In the nineteenth century several luminaries of ...
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The editors wish to thank all the contributors, students, faculty colleagues, staff, and administrators for their support at Murray State University and Morehead State Uni-versity and all the contributing authors’ institutions of higher education across the Commonwealth. But some contributions should be specifi cally acknowledged.James Clinger recognizes the research assistance of Whitney Darnall, Scott Schae-...
Appendix A. Kentucky Governors
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Appendix B. Kentucky Lieutenant Governors
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Appendix C. Kentucky Cities
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Appendix D. Kentucky Counties
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Appendix E. The Kentucky Resolutions of 1798
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Appendix F. Henry Clay's 1850 Compromise Speech
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Appendix G. Abraham Lincoln's Eulogy of Henry Clay
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Appendix H. Jefferson Davis's Inaugural Address
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Appendix I. Abraham Lincoln's First Inaugural Address
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Appendix J. The Kentucky Compact with Virginia, December 18, 1789
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Appendix K. The Kentucky Constitution
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Appendix L. Maps
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Page Count: 562
Publication Year: 2013