Fighting Jim Crow in the County of Kings
The Congress of Racial Equality in Brooklyn
Publication Year: 2013
The Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) established a reputation as one of the most important civil rights organizations of the early 1960s. In the wake of the southern student sit-ins, CORE created new chapters all over the country, including one in Brooklyn, New York, which quickly established itself as one of the most audacious and dynamic chapters in the nation. In Fighting Jim Crow in the County of Kings, historian Brian Purnell explores the chapter's numerous direct-action protest campaigns for economic justice and social equality. The group's tactics evolved from pickets and sit-ins for jobs and housing to more dramatic action, such as dumping trash on the steps of Borough Hall to protest inadequate garbage collection. The Brooklyn chapter's lengthy record of activism, however, yielded only modest progress. Its members eventually resorted to desperate measures, such as targeting the opening day of the 1964 World's Fair with a traffic-snarling "stall-in." After that moment, its interracial, nonviolent phase was effectively over. By 1966, the group was more aligned with the black power movement, and a new Brooklyn CORE emerged. Drawing from archival sources and interviews with individuals directly involved in the chapter, Purnell explores how people from diverse backgrounds joined together, solved internal problems, and earned one another's trust before eventually becoming disillusioned and frustrated. Fighting Jim Crow in the County of Kings adds to our understanding of the broader civil rights movement by examining how it was implemented in an iconic northern city, where interracial activists mounted a heroic struggle against powerful local forms of racism.
Published by: The University Press of Kentucky
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What was that place called Brooklyn really like back then, when Only two things have remained constant in the history of race in maldistribution of power. The former has faithfully followed the On February 3, 1964, one of the largest civil rights demonstrations in U.S. history occurred. Nearly half a million students boycotted a racially ...
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We were the first to picket in the North. We were the first to call for a nationwide boycott. We were the first to enter into negotiations I was impressed with the militancy of their demeanor. They were clean. They were neat. They were forceful in what they had to say.The Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) formed in Chicago in 1942. ...
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Crown Heights and Brownsville. Relatively few blacks lived beyond elsewhere in the North. The essential characteristic of black demo-Despite all the housing laws on the books today, discrimination enforcement is self-defeating. It is cumbersome, time-consuming, and often fails because all that is left to adjudicate is an academic ...
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Central to any understanding of the aggregate situation in Bedford-pervasiveness of income deprivation among the area’s residents. Although it offers no guarantee against poor living conditions, illness, or poor nutrition, money does provide a certain access to more adequate levels of shelter, health care and parenthetically ...
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Twelve years of neglect! That’s the story of Bedford-Stuyvesant. Brooklyn CORE members chose to address the issue of inadequate gar-bage collection because the excessive trash was such an odious part of people’s everyday life in Bedford-Stuyvesant, and, by late 1962, after their work on housing and employment discrimination, they understood ...
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Education, school systems throughout the North have made excuses for the all-Negro school by attributing its presence to de facto segregation. . . . The word de facto segregation was never heard of until the historic Supreme Court decision of 1954. Before that year pointing to the more blatant and vicious form found in the South. ...
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It comes to my mind that at least a quarter of a century ago we sat working folk, because it was not doing its job. And as a matter of fact, in twenty-five years it still hasn’t done its job as it pertains to Brooklyn CORE’s campaign to integrate the construction workforce building the Downstate Medical Center inspired tremendous commu-...
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...sabotage the opening of the Fair and suggest that . . . no Negroes be admitted on the opening day despite the fact that some may be After the Downstate campaign, the Young Turks waited for an oppor-tune moment to launch their first full-scale attack against racial discrimi-nation. The upcoming 1964–65 World’s Fair, which would take place in ...
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Things are moving, but the whites have got to understand that we After the stall-in, Brooklyn CORE members struggled to find an action campaign. The Young Turks faded away from power. Isaiah Brunson disappeared from the organization. Oliver Leeds remembered that Brunson was so disturbed by the logistical failures of the stall-in that he ...
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I am very grateful for support from the following groups of people: par-ticipants in oral history interviews, which became the foundation for this book’s research; the excellent teachers and mentors I had at Xavier High School, Fordham University’s Departments of African and African American Studies, and History, and New York University’s History ...
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Page Count: 344
Publication Year: 2013
Series Title: Civil Rights and the Struggle for Black Equality in the Twentieth Century