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Privileged and Confidential

The Secret History of the President's Intelligence Advisory Board

Kenneth Michael Absher, Michael C. Desch, and Roman Popadiuk

Publication Year: 2012

Above the politics and ideological battles of Washington, D.C., is a committee that meets behind locked doors and leaves its paper trail in classified files. The President's Intelligence Advisory Board (PIAB) is one of the most secretive and potentially influential segments of the U.S. intelligence community. Established in 1956, the PIAB advises the president about intelligence collection, analysis, and estimates, and about the legality of foreign intelligence activities.

Privileged and Confidential: The Secret History of the President's Intelligence Advisory Board is the first and only study of the PIAB. Foreign policy veterans Kenneth Michael Absher, Michael C. Desch, and Roman Popadiuk trace the board's history from Eisenhower through Obama and evaluate its effectiveness under each president. Created to be an independent panel of nonpartisan experts, the PIAB has become increasingly susceptible to politics in recent years and has lost some of its influence. Absher, Desch, and Popadiuk, however, clearly demonstrate the board's potential to offer a unique and valuable perspective on intelligence issues. Privileged and Confidential not only illuminates a little-known element of U.S. intelligence operations but also offers suggestions for enhancing a critical executive function.

Published by: The University Press of Kentucky

Front cover

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Title Page, Copyright

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Introduction: The President’s Intelligence Advisory Board: Learning Lessons from Its Past to Shape Its Future

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pp. 1-14

Presidents could be forgiven if they did not make reconstituting the President’s Intelligence Advisory Board (PIAB) their highest priority on taking office. Established . . .

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1. Dwight D. Eisenhower

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pp. 15-50

The first, and most straightforward, rationale for the establishment of the PBCFIA was the growing threat of Soviet power, particularly the development . . .

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2. John F. Kennedy

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pp. 51-109

The new president, John F. Kennedy, did not appoint a new President’s Board of Consultants on Foreign Intelligence Affairs (PBCFIA) immediately on . . .

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3. Lyndon B. Johnson

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pp. 111-154

When Johnson unexpectedly became president in November 1963, there were eight members of the PFIAB: Clark M. Clifford (chair), William O. Baker, Gordon . . .

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4. Richard M. Nixon

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pp. 155-185

President Richard Nixon established his President’s Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board (PFIAB) with Executive Order (EO) 11460 on March 20, 1969. The . . .

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5. Gerald R. Ford/Jimmy Carter

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pp. 187-232

When President Richard Nixon resigned from office on August 9, 1974, a tumultuous time loomed on the horizon for the CIA and the intelligence community . . .

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6. Ronald W. Reagan

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pp. 233-262

President Ronald Reagan reestablished the President’s Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board (PFIAB) on October 20, 1981, through Executive Order . . .

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7. George H. W. Bush

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pp. 264-277

President George H. W. Bush seemed ambivalent about the President’s Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board (PFIAB) at the beginning of his term. His . . .

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8, William J. Clinton

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pp. 279-308

President William J. Clinton established his President’s Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board (PFIAB) when he signed Executive Order (EO) 12863 on . . .

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9. George W. Bush

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pp. 309-323

Unlike most of his predecessors, President George W. Bush did not issue a new executive order (EO) to establish his President’s Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board . . .

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Conclusion

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pp. 325-343

On January 19, 2009, President Bush’s President’s Intelligence Advisory Board (PIAB) members submitted their resignations to incoming President Barack . . .

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Acknowledgments and Disclainer

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p. 345-345

This was a group project, with many different people involved at different stages in the research and drafting of various chapters. We thank, particularly, the . . .

Biographical Sketches of PFIAB Members

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pp. 346-409

Notes

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pp. 411-489

Index

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pp. 491-515


E-ISBN-13: 9780813136097
Print-ISBN-13: 9780813136080

Page Count: 528
Publication Year: 2012

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Subject Headings

  • United States. President's Intelligence Advisory Board.
  • Intelligence service -- United States.
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