Almanac of World War I
Publication Year: 1998
Published by: The University Press of Kentucky
List of Maps and Sidebars
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We owe an immense debt to the legions of historians, biographers, and memoirists who have written about World War I. We were assisted in our search for information by the unusually competent reference staff of the Margaret I. King Library at the University of Kentucky, and we gratefully acknowledge their...
The Great War: An Introduction William Manchester
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Few men, including most of those who were to die in it, knew precisely how World War I started. They can hardly be blamed. The explanation was not only complicated; it didn't even make sense. The immediate reason for the conflict was a murder in the Balkans. On Sunday, June 28, 1914, a Serb fanatic, armed with a revolver...
The Prelude to Conflict
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It heightens our distress to contemplate the so-called reasons for the war. The ill-defined goals of the belligerents in 1914 seem in retrospect to be so frivolous and naive as to defy understanding, and the narration of how millions of men were ordered to their deaths during the four years that followed is one of the most depressing tales of the twentieth century...
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With the assassination of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife, Sophie, at Sarajevo in late June, a sequence of events begins that leads to an exchange of diplomatic ultimatums and subsequent military mobilizations by Austria-Hungary, Germany, Russia, Serbia, France, and Great...
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Neither side will acknowledge the stalemate along the trench lines of the Western Front, and they continue to send forth offensive after offensive in vain attempts to break through and regain the power of maneuver. The efforts founder because of the ability of the machine gun to stop advancing...
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Both fronts in Europe continue to be vast killing grounds during the year. Literally millions of casualties result from a series of huge, prolonged offensives, launched by both the Central Powers and the Allies. The so-called "battles" last for month after month until all available men have been consumed, but almost...
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In January, the German high command, now in control of nearly the entire German state, decides to gamble on unrestricted submarine warfare: if the U-boats can strangle the Allied war effort and starve Great Britain without drawing the Americans into the conflict too soon, then Germany...
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The final year of the war opens with the main issues on the Western Front still hanging in the balance, The U-boat attacks on shipping may still bring Britain down, and the Americans have not yet begun to make their weight felt on the battlefront. Ludendorff decides on a series of huge offensives...
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The victors wrought miserably when they opted to fix blame for the war entirely on Germany. The resulting treaty (or series of treaties), signed during 1919 and 1920, stripped Germany of all her military power, imposed absurdly high war reparations, and provided a demilitarized buffer...
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ALBERT I. 1875-1934. King of Belgium. Seen in the West as a courageous opponent of the German juggernaut, Albert insisted on strict neutrality for his tiny country during most of the war, which made him a more complex figure than his public indicated. He was the nephew of...
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Page Count: 336
Publication Year: 1998