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Archaeology of Citizenship

Stacey L. Camp

Publication Year: 2013

Using a late-nineteenth-century California resort as a case study, Stacey Camp discusses how the parameters of citizenship and national belonging have been defined and redefined since Europeans arrived on the continent. In a unique and powerful contribution to the field of historical archaeology, Camp uses of the remnants of material culture to reveal how those in power sought to mold the composition of the United States as well as how those on the margins of American society carved out their own definitions of citizenship.

Published by: University Press of Florida


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p. 1-1

Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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pp. 2-7


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pp. vii-9

List of Illustrations

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pp. ix-x

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pp. xi-xiii

Contemporary archaeologists are acutely aware of the relevance of their work for the present, particularly those who study the recent past. Moreover, their practice and findings often challenge ideologies that naturalize relations of power and homogenize categories of belonging. A critical examination...

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Preface and Acknowledgments

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pp. xv-xxi

In one of my most memorable experiences as a Southern California high school student, our social studies instructor decided to tackle what was then and what continues to be a politically loaded topic: immigration policy in the United States. Because we were Southern California residents...

List of Abbreviations

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pp. xxiii-25

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pp. 1-18

Citizenship has been a defining element of American life from colonial times to the present. As with one’s class, sexuality, gender, and race, an individual’s citizenship standing has been a meaningful vector of identity in America. The right to work, the right to vote, the right to travel, the...

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1. Who Is an American?

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pp. 19-39

What does it mean to be an American and who counts as an American citizen? For some it means the right to vote, to observe religious beliefs free from persecution, or the right to bear and carry arms. For others it means enjoying the tripartite but fairly ambiguous luxuries of freedom,...

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2. Historical Archaeologies of Citizenship

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pp. 40-71

Since the age of global expansionism and European colonization, humans have been forced to organize communities within the geopolitical spaces we call “nations.” Besides eliminating opportunities for cross-cultural interaction and community formation across borders, nation-states have...

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3. Tourism and Citizenship

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pp. 72-93

At the dawn of the twentieth century, the diversity of America’s citizenry was increasing exponentially. With the exception of the relatively recent exclusion of individuals of Chinese heritage in 1882, people from all parts of the world were entering the United States in search of equality, freedom...

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4. The Archaeology of Citizenship

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pp. 94-129

While tourists were riding the Incline Railway; hiking in the lush, green canyons embracing the resort; and playing astronomer while peering into the Lowe Observatory’s magnificent magnifying lens, the resort’s workers were repairing and maintaining the railroad, cleaning guest rooms, and...

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5. The Future of Citizenship

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pp. 130-143

What are the next steps toward pursuing an archaeology of citizenship? What should it look like, and how might it contribute to historical archaeology’s goal of revealing inequality and confronting racism in our modern, global world (c.f. Orser 1996, 1999; Funari, Jones, and Hall 1999;...


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pp. 145-160


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pp. 161-167

About the Author, Further Reading

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pp. 168-169

E-ISBN-13: 9780813048468
Print-ISBN-13: 9780813044590

Page Count: 176
Publication Year: 2013