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Cultural Heritage Management

A Global Perspective

Edited by Phyllis Mauch Messenger and George S. Smith

Publication Year: 2010

Even as places and objects that have particular cultural significance are increasingly valued in our global world, powerful forces threaten them with destruction. Cultural Heritage Management discusses the efforts of a broad range of contributors devoted to safeguarding our cultural heritage.

Editors Phyllis Mauch Messenger and George Smith have brought together an international group of contributors, featuring archaeologists, anthropologists, development specialists, and others engaged in the study, management, protection, and interpretation of places and objects that represent histories, traditions, and cultural identities.

From international law to artifact preservation to site interpretation, there is a wide variety of approaches to the management of our cultural heritage. Combining the voices of scholars and practitioners, the book provides a much-needed diversity of voices and perspectives from people steeped in the issues that directly affect the future of the past.

Published by: University Press of Florida

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. i-iv

Contents

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pp. v-vi

List of Figures and Tables

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pp. vii-

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Series Foreword. Global Perspective and World Heritage

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pp. viii-ix

Heritage is not always about the truth or authenticity. It can also be about politics and uses of the past. Communities make conscious decisions about what to protect and what to remember. Many see heritage as a tool of the nation-state. It is a way to promote social cohesion through the creation of origin myths and promote moral ...

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Foreword

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pp. x-xii

Being in the Department of Archaeology at the University of Southampton in the early 1980s was exciting. Peter Ucko had arrived as the new professor and department head and had immediately set about dramatically revising the curriculum, introducing new topics and ideas, moving the subject on from a fascinating academic ...

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Preface

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pp. xiii-xvi

The genesis of this book can be traced to events, projects, and publications beginning in the late 1980s. The first was the Save the Past for the Future Working Conference held in Taos, New Mexico, in 1989 under the leadership of the Society for American Archaeology (SAA) with the support of numerous organizations and ...

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Introduction

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pp. 1-7

This book represents a particular moment in time in the global discussion of issues related to the world’s cultural heritage. It captures the voices of a crosssection of archaeologists, anthropologists, and other professionals from 17 nations and every continent who are engaged in the study, management, protection, and ...

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1. The Challenge of Protecting Archaeological Heritage in Argentina

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pp. 8-20

Argentina is a federal republic divided into 23 provinces and the autonomous government of Buenos Aires. According to its National Constitution, natural and cultural resources, including cultural heritage, are part of the provincial domain, although they are also under national jurisdiction. This means that they should be ...

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2. Vestiges of Colonialism: Manifestations of the Culture/Nature Dividein Australian Heritage Management

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pp. 21-37

These natives were coloured with iron-ochre, and had a few feathers of the white cockatoo, in the black hair of their foreheads and beards. These simple decorations gave them a splendid holiday appearance, as savages. The trio who had visited us some days before, were all thoughtful observation; these were merry as larks, and their white ...

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3. Twenty Years of Heritage Resource Management in Brazil: A Brief Evaluation (1986–2006)

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pp. 38-47

Cultural heritage resource management, including archaeology, heritage-based education, and decision making in the public sphere, is a very recent concern in Brazil. Legal specifications for evaluating environmental and cultural impact before implementation of large development enterprises have been in place for 20 years, thus ...

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4. Archaeological Heritage Resource Protection in Canada: The Legislative Basis

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pp. 48-69

Canada, the second largest country in the world by area with a population of 33 million, is a constitutional monarchy with a colonial past, and a confederation of 10 provinces and 3 northern territories. The Constitution Act of 1867 splits legislative powers between federal and provincial governments. This division is reflected in legislation ...

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5. Cultural Heritage Management in China: Current Practices and Problems

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pp. 70-81

Cultural heritage management in China has undergone several decades of intensive development, with many key events taking place in 2006. In April of that year, the Wuxi Proposal detailing the preservation of industrial heritage was adopted at the first forum for the preservation of industrial heritage in ...

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6. Archaeological Heritage Resource Management in India

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pp. 82-98

The roots of archaeological heritage management in India can be traced to the beginning of the nineteenth century with antiquarian investigations alongside sporadic concern about the preservation of heritage by the government. To understand the present state of heritage policy, legislation, organization, and archaeological ...

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7. Archaeological Heritage Management in Japan

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pp. 99-110

At present, Japan, a country inhabited by 127 million people, has over 440,000 registered archaeological sites (Agency for Cultural Affairs 2001b:36). Wherever people live today, human activities have some effect on the land. The greatest effects are caused by development projects, which may have an impact on archaeological ...

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8. Heritage Resource Management in Mexico

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pp. 111-123

To talk of heritage resource management in Mexico is to address a topic that today constitutes one of the most interesting academic challenges in a country widely recognized for its cultural complexity and which historically has led Latin America in the conservation of cultural heritage. At the same time, such discussion ...

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9. Heritage Resource Management in Peru

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pp. 124-135

As soon as Spaniards reached America in the early fifteenth century, they immediately recognized several societies with strange cultural patterns that were different from them in many ways. They also found empires with high levels of political organization: the Aztec, in what is now Mexico, and the Inca in Peru. The Incas developed ...

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10. Management of Archaeological Resources in Poland at the Beginning of the Twenty-first Century

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pp. 136-152

Poland is a large country situated in the center of Europe, and due to this location, most of the main processes and events of European prehistory and history left material traces on Polish soil. The archaeological heritage of this region is therefore both rich and diverse, representing various cultural traditions and various ethnic ...

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11. Cultural Heritage Management in Russia

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pp. 153-161

The English term “cultural heritage” corresponds in Russian to the word combination pamyatniki istorii i kul’turi, meaning “objects of history and culture.” At the same time, there are important semantic differences. The primary meaning of the Russian word pamyatnik goes back to the word pamyat, meaning “memory.” So the ...

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12. Heritage Resource Management in South Africa

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pp. 162-175

During the twentieth century, the historical development of heritage resource management in South Africa followed a pattern typical of most of the former British colonies in the region. The type of legislation has been reactive rather than proactive, and for most of the past century identification of significant heritage places has ...

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13. Archaeological Resource Management in Thailand

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pp. 176-187

It is generally accepted that cultural resources, both tangible and intangible, are important, and have potential value and meaning for human beings (for example, see Lipe 1984, 1985). Because a great number of cultural resources, especially archaeological remains and historic sites, have been destroyed and the situation seems ...

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14. Heritage Resource Management in the United States

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pp. 188-198

Heritage resource management in the United States has its roots in the historic preservation movement. The historic preservation movement has its roots in efforts to commemorate the significant events and the men (and they were largely men) who led the way to the successful American Revolution, and to memorialize ...

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15. Descendant Communities, Heritage Resource Law, and Heritage Areas: Strategies for Managing and Interpreting Native American Traditional and Cultural Places

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pp. 199-211

In 2004 the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) promulgated the Ename Charter for the Interpretation of Cultural Heritage Sites, a draft document1 whose goal is to acknowledge that “interpretation of the meaning of sites is an integral part of the conservation process and fundamental to positive ...

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16. Laws, Language, and Learning: Managing Archaeological Heritage Resources in Europe

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pp. 212-229

At the outset, it is useful to explain briefly what the subtitle of this chapter is understood to mean because in English discourse there is much terminology in use with sometimes very confusing meanings (see Carman 2002:5–25 for an exhaustive discussion). In addition, there are the various non-English discourses ...

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17. Cultural Heritage in the Global Policy Arena: Issues, Institutions, and Resources in the Policy Mix

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pp. 230-242

Recent gatherings focused on cultural heritage issues have highlighted both the compelling need to consider current archaeological issues on a global stage and to recognize the increasingly complex array of factors that will ultimately affect the success of preserving the world’s cultural heritage in the face of enormous pressures ...

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18. Cultural Heritage and the Development Process: Policies and Performance Standards of the World Bank Group

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pp. 243-250

Public and private sector infrastructure development throughout the world is a multi-trillion dollar industry. The acceleration in pace, volume, and scale of construction projects requires increased attention and rapid action by cultural heritage proponents. In the face of this challenge, individuals, organizations, and institutions ...

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19. International Laws, Treaties, and Organizations

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pp. 251-260

Over the past 50 years, the international community has developed a legal framework to preserve the world’s cultural resources. This is still very much a work in progress. To date, it has concentrated on tangible heritage—sites, monuments, and objects—and largely ignored the intangible—stories, songs, myths, language, ...

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20. Archaeological Looting and Economic Justice

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pp. 261-277

The illegal and destructive appropriation and trade of archaeological heritage is a well-documented phenomenon. It causes economic loss and cultural dislocation for the dispossessed “source” communities and countries, balanced by corresponding economic and cultural gains for the acquiring communities and countries. States and ...

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21. Funding Strategies for World Heritage Sites in Least Developed Countries

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pp. 278-294

The designation of World Heritage sites by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) was a major outcome of the Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage. This international treaty was adopted during a general conference on November 16, 1972, and as ...

List of Contributors

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pp. 295-299

Index

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pp. 301-319


E-ISBN-13: 9780813045412
Print-ISBN-13: 9780813034607
Print-ISBN-10: 0813034604

Page Count: 512
Illustrations: 10 tables, 4 b&w illustrations,
Publication Year: 2010

Series Title: Cultural Heritage Studies
Series Editor Byline: Paul A. Shackel

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Subject Headings

  • Cultural property -- Protection -- Case studies.
  • Historic sites -- Management -- Case studies.
  • Antiquities -- Collection and preservation -- Case studies.
  • Historic preservation -- Case studies.
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