Beat Writers in Revolutionary Havana
Publication Year: 2010
Published by: University Press of Florida
True, indeed, behind this fantastic farce, enacted on the visible stage of society, solid things and stupendous labors are to be discover’d, existing crudely and going on in the background, to advance and tell themselves in time. Yet the truths are none the less terrible. I say that our New World democracy, however great...
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Long-term writing projects often send us vacillating between feelings of elation, disappointment, revelation, and even, at times, downright despair. Thanking all of those responsible for keeping us sane and focused along the way comes with its own elation and despair. While I cannot help feeling a great degree of joy and thankfulness toward...
Introduction: The “Stranger Relations” of Beat
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On June 30, 1961, Fidel Castro delivered his now infamous address, “A True Social Revolution Produces a Cultural Revolution” (or “Words to the Intellectuals”). Offered in the wake of the failed Bay of Pigs invasion, Castro’s address represented a pivotal moment in Cuban intellectual and cultural history as his revolutionary government attempted...
1. Hemispheric Beats (in the Bay Area and Beyond)
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At a 1961 meeting of the Fair Play for Cuba Committee, Lawrence Ferlinghetti unveiled one of his most well-known poems: “One Thousand Fearful Words for Fidel Castro.” Composed upon Ferlinghetti’s return from Havana the previous year, the poem warned Castro that he would soon be overthrown and assassinated, much like his boyhood hero Abraham...
2. On the Crisis of the Underground and a Politics of Intractable Plurality
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According to Ronald Sukenick’s classic text on the Greenwich Village underground, Down and In (1987), postwar bohemianism and defiant intellectualism were mobilized in opposition to the white picket realities of the heteronormative nuclear family and the “waves of superpatriotism [that] were emanating from Washington.” “Pinkos and faggots” and a...
3. Unsettling the Democratic Score Music and Urban Insurgency
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As Cruse mentions in Crisis of the Negro Intellectual, Amiri Baraka played an integral role in the Beat orbit and the Greenwich Village art scene of the 1950s. As one of the only African American writers associated with the Beat Movement—at a moment when it dwelt in close proximity to a more extensive network of artists and writers comprising the New York School...
4. Beat Publics and the “Middle-Aged” Left
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Harold Cruse was initially inspired by the Cuban Revolution on account of the pronounced cleavage he experienced between Old and New Bohemia in Greenwich Village—a generational divide separating the aging white liberals of the Cold War era from what he viewed as the more audacious and racially mixed Beat Generation. As an ardent spokesperson of that...
5. (Back) Toward a Stranger Democracy
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Allen Ginsberg also experienced the sexual rigidities of Cuban Revolutionary culture firsthand, while visiting the island as part of an international writers’ conference in 1965. By that point, U.S.-Cuban relations had deteriorated considerably, requiring Ginsberg to sue the U.S. State Department in order to secure the visa required to attend the conference, where...
Coda: A New Imaginary...?
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While being interviewed by Marc Schleifer for the October 15, 1958, edition of the Village Voice, Allen Ginsberg responded to Norman Podhoretz’s infamous characterization of the Beats as “anti-intellectual” by asserting that both he and Jack Kerouac had “had the same education” as Podhoretz at Columbia University. Ginsberg’s brief retort reveals the extent...
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About the Author
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Page Count: 208
Publication Year: 2010