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The Divergence of Judaism and Islam

Interdependence, Modernity, and Political Turmoil

Edited by Michael M. Laskier and Yaacov Lev

Publication Year: 2011

A companion volume to The Convergence of Judaism and Islam, this collection of essays explores the Jewish-Muslim relationship from the nineteenth century to the present. While that earlier work focused on the shared cultures and often peaceful relations between the two religions in the medieval and early modern periods, this book reveals how the paths of Jews and Muslims began to diverge two centuries ago.

The essays in this volume examine how each group reacted quite differently to colonial rule, how the Palestine Question and the Arab-Israeli crisis have soured relations, and how the rise of nationalism has contributed to the growing tensions. With contributors from a wide variety of scholarly disciplines, this book offers a broad but in-depth analysis of the Jewish-Muslim relationship in recent times.

Published by: University Press of Florida

Title Page, Copyright

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Acknowledgments

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pp. vii-

This volume is devoted to the intricacies of Judeo-Muslim relations in the modern period. It attends to the most central topics that shaped and characterized this relationship from the final quarter of the nineteenth century to the present time...

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1. Introduction

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pp. 1-14

The Divergence of Judaism and Islam is a thorough exploration of Judeo-Muslim interaction from the end of the nineteenth century to the onset of the third millennium, focusing on the declining multiethnic Ottoman Empire, the Balkans, Arab lands, Central Asia, post–World...

Section I. Common Interests versus Latent and Overt Tensions

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pp. 15-

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2. Ottoman Attitudes toward the Modernization of Jewish Education in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries

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pp. 17-28

Jews have traditionally occupied a significant, and sometimes even dominant, place in several areas of Ottoman science, medicine, culture, and education. In the sixteenth century, Jews introduced to Ottoman society new forms of the performing arts, printing, and a range of new...

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3. “Zeal and Noise”: Jewish Imperial Allegiance and the Greco-Ottoman War of 1897

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pp. 29-50

This chapter explores how Ottoman Jews’ manifestations of patriotism during the empire’s 1897 war with Greece affected their relations with their neighbors, both Christian and Muslim. It does so by examining the cases of two Ottoman port cities situated in the eastern Mediterranean...

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4. Sharing the Same Fate: Muslims and Jews of the Balkans

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pp. 51-73

For centuries, Muslims and Jews lived together in peace under Ottoman rule in the Balkans. Both groups were brought into and settled in the peninsula by the Ottoman government between the fourteenth and sixteenth centuries. The sixteenth century was the so-called golden age for...

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5. “We Don’t Want to Be the Jews of Tomorrow”: Jews and Turks in Germany after 9/11

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pp. 74-96

In its edition of 23 September 2004, the German magazine Stern published a cartoon showing a heavily mustached man crawling through a cat hole in a door labeled “European Union,” trying to gain entry into Europe. Some imitation Arabic writing appears above the cat hole...

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6. Jews and Muslims “Downunder”: Emerging Dialogue and Challenges

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pp. 97-121

Until 1970, there were very few Muslims in Australia. However, Muslim/ Jewish relationships have emerged as an important issue with the rapid increase of Muslim immigration to Australia after 1972. This chapter will provide the background context of Australian immigration policies...

Section II. Socioeconomic and Political Interaction in Arab Lands and Central Asia: Toward Jewish Immigration

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pp. 123-

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7. Yemen: Muslim and Jewish Interactions in the Tribal Sphere

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pp. 125-142

Yemeni society is tribal in character. Although modern changes, mainly during the twentieth century, weakened tribal organizations, they did not eliminate them, and they are still functioning and affecting the state and its individual citizens. The tribes are sedentary, make their...

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8. In Search of Jewish Farmers: Jews, Agriculture, and the Land in Rural Morocco

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pp. 143-159

It is commonly assumed that once exiled from the ancient land of Israel, Jews were transformed from being a society of primarily rural farmers to urban dwellers engaged in other occupations: commerce, peddling, and well-defined crafts. Farming pursuits by Jews were mainly confined...

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9. The Moroccan Nationalist Movement and Its Attitude toward Jews and Zionism

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pp. 160-172

In the 1940s and 1950s, Morocco went through a bitter and painful struggle to achieve its independence and, later, to realize political unification and social unity. The challenge for independence was led by the Moroccan Nationalist Movement, which included a few political parties...

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10. Jewish-Muslim Relations in Libya

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pp. 173-198

Jews have lived in Libya since time immemorial, long before the Arab conquest that brought the region into the realm of Islam. Since then, Muslim law regarding non-Muslim monotheists has become a major factor in determining the status of Libyan Jews and their relations with the...

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11. Where Have All the Jews Gone? Mass Migration from Independent Uzbekistan

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pp. 199-224

On a chilly evening in the late winter of 1997, Essya Yitzchakov and her children spent their last hours in the Jewish quarter of Samarkand, Uzbekistan, sitting on the floor, surrounded by the boxes and bundles they would bring with them to the United States. Only one small...

Section III. In the Shadow of the Arab-Israeli Conflict: History, Ideology, and Political Strategy

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pp. 225-

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12. Issues of Jewish History as Reflected in Modern Egyptian Historiography

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pp. 227-253

There are about sixty prominent Egyptian scholars who have been writing about Jews and Judaism since the 1960s, not to mention those who dealt with Zionism. These historians came from the fields of history, religion, law, psychology, sociology, and political science. Some...

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13. The Road Not Taken: Isḥāq Mūsā al-Ḥusseini and His Chickens

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pp. 254-269

This is an account concerning a unique response by a Jerusalemite Arab, a Muslim intellectual, to the cultural, ideological, and political repercussions of the encounter between Arabs and Jews in the Middle East, as it is reflected in a literary work he wrote. The following discussion...

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14. Space as a Demon and the Demon in the Space: Jewish-Muslim Relations in the Israeli Space in A. B. Yehoshua’s Literary Works

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pp. 270-287

Space has a broad semantic meaning that makes it difficult to present an exhausting definition. Nonetheless, it is clear that it is a basic dimension of existence and dictates the way in which we identify and understand reality and our position within reality. Space receives the...

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15. Interreligious Dialogue and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: An Empirical View

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pp. 288-305

Are there possibilities for religiously based intercultural dialogue between Israelis and Palestinians as a means to effect perception moderation and conflict resolution? Citing both qualitative and quantitative survey data of Israelis and Palestinians, along with Jews and...

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16. Zionism and Judeo-Islamic Relations in the Middle East: Libya’s Ideological and Political Position

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pp. 306-327

Since 1 September 1969, Mu῾ammar al-Qadhafi has led Libya with an iron fist, dominating the country’s domestic and foreign affairs. One of the focal issues on the agenda of the new regime was the Arab-Israeli conflict, which was viewed through the filters of Pan-Arab ideology...

List of Contributors

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pp. 329-335

Index

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pp. 337-351


E-ISBN-13: 9780813040394
Print-ISBN-13: 9780813037516
Print-ISBN-10: 0813037514

Page Count: 304
Illustrations: 2 charts
Publication Year: 2011

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Subject Headings

  • Judaism -- Relations -- Islam.
  • Islam -- Relations -- Judaism.
  • Jews -- Arab countries.
  • Arab countries -- Ethnic relations.
  • Arab-Israeli conflict.
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